CBSE Class IX / X Science Syllabus 2014 – 2015

CBSE Class IX / X Science Syllabus 2014 – 2015

CBSE Class IX / X Science Syllabus 2014 – 2015 is given below.

The subject of science plays an important role in developing well-defined abilities in cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains in children. It augments the spirit of enquiry, creativity, objectivity and aesthetic sensibility. Whereas the upper primary stage demands that a number of opportunities should be provided to the students to engage them with the processes of science like observing, recording observations, drawing, tabulation, plotting graphs, etc., the secondary stage expects abstraction and quantitative reasoning to occupy a more central place in the teaching and learning of science. Thus, the idea of atoms and molecules being the building blocks of matter makes its appearance, as does Newton’s law of gravitation. The present syllabus has been designed around six broad themes viz. Food, Materials, The World of The Living, How Things Work, Moving Things, People and Ideas, Natural Phenomenon and Natural Resources. Special care has been taken to avoid temptation of adding too many concepts than can be comfortably learnt in the given time frame. No attempt has been made to be comprehensive.

At this stage, while science is still a common subject, the disciplines of Physics, Chemistry and Biology begin to emerge. The students should be exposed to experiences as well as modes of reasoning that are typical of the subject.

General Instructions :

1. The units specified for each term shall be assessed through both Formative and Summative Assessments.

2. In each term, there will be two Formative Assessments each carrying 10% weightage.

3. The Summative Assessment in each term will carry 30% weightage.
4. One Formative Assessment carrying 10% weightage in each term should include hands on practicals.

5. Assessment of Practical Skills through MCQ will carry 15% weightage of term marks in each Summative Assessment.



First Term Marks : 90
S. No Units Marks
1 I. Matter – Its Nature and Behaviour 29
2 II. Organisation in the Living World 18
3 III. Motion, Force and Work 30
4 V. Food; Food Production 13
Total 9 0

Theme : Materials (22 Periods)

Unit I: Matter-Nature and Behaviour

Definition of matter; solid, liquid and gas; characteristics – shape, volume, density; change of state-melting (absorption of heat), freezing, evaporation (cooling by evaporation), condensation, sublimation. Nature of matter : Elements, compounds and mixtures. Heterogenous and homogenous mixtures, colloids and suspensions.

Theme: The World of The Living (22 Periods)
Unit II: Organization in the Living World

Cell – Basic Unit of life : Cell as a basic unit of life; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, multicellular organisms; cell membrane and cell wall, cell organelles and cell inclusions; chloroplast, mitochondria, vacuoles, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus; nucleus, chromosomes – basic structure, number. Tissues, Organs, Organ System, Organism Structure and functions of animal and plant tissues (four types in animals; meristematic and permanent tissues in plants).

Theme : Moving Things, People and Ideas (36 Periods)
Unit III: Motion, Force and Work

Motion : Distance and displacement, velocity; uniform and non-uniform motion along a straight line; acceleration, distancetime and velocity-time graphs for uniform motion and uniformly accelerated motion, equations of motion by graphical method; elementary idea of uniform circular motion.

Force and Newton’s laws: Force and motion, Newton’s laws of motion, inertia of a body, inertia and mass, momentum, force and acceleration. Elementary idea of conservation of momentum, action and reaction forces. Gravitation : Gravitation; universal law of gravitation, force of gravitation of the earth (gravity), acceleration due to gravity; mass and weight; free fall.

Theme: Food (10 Periods)
Unit V: Food Production

Plant and animal breeding and selection for quality improvement and management; use of fertilizers, manures; protection from pests and diseases; organic farming.


Practicals should be conducted alongside the concepts taught in theory classes.

List of Experiments

1. To test (a) the presence of starch in the given food sample, (b) the presence of the adulterant metanil yellow in dal.

2. To prepare:

a) a true solution of common salt, sugar and alum

b) a suspension of soil, chalk powder and fine sand in water

c) a colloidal solution of starch in water and egg albumin/milk in water and distinguish between these on the basis of

  •  transparency
  • filtration criterion
  • stability

3. To prepare

a) a mixture

b) a compound using iron filings and sulphur powder and distinguish between these on the basis of:

i. appearance, i.e., homogeneity and heterogeneity

ii. behaviour towards a magnet

iii. behaviour towards carbon disulphide as a solvent

iv. effect of heat

4. To carry out the following reactions and classify them as physical or chemical changes:

a. Iron with copper sulphate solution in water

b. Burning of magnesium in air

c. Zinc with dilute sulphuric acid

d. Heating of copper sulphate

e. Sodium sulphate with barium chloride in the form of their solutions in water

5. To prepare stained temporary mounts of (a) onion peel and (b) human cheek cells and to record observations and draw their labeled diagrams.

6. To identify parenchyma and sclerenchyma tissues in plants, striped muscle fibers and nerve cells in animals, from prepared slides and to draw their labeled diagrams.

7. To separate the components of a mixture of sand, common salt and ammonium chloride (or camphor) by sublimation.

8. To determine the melting point of ice and the boiling point of water.

9. To establish relationship between weight of a rectangular wooden block lying on a horizontal table and the minimum force required to just move it using a spring balance.

10. To determine the mass percentage of water imbibed by raisins.



Second Term Marks : 90
S. No Units Marks
1 I. Matter – Its Nature and Behaviour 17
2 II. Organisation in the Living World 25
3 III. Motion, Force and Work 36
4 IV Our Environment 12
Total 9 0

Theme : Materials (28 Periods)
Unit I: Matter-Its Nature and Behaviour

Particle nature, basic units : Atoms and molecules. Law of constant proportions. Atomic and molecular masses. Mole Concept : Relationship of mole to mass of the particles and numbers. Valency. Chemical formula of common compounds. Structure of atom : Electrons, protons and neutrons; Isotopes and isobars.

Theme : The World of The Living (23 Periods)
Unit II: Organization in the Living World

Biological Diversity : Diversity of plants and animals – basic issues in scientific naming, basis of classification. Hierarchy of categories / groups, Major groups of plants (salient features) (Bacteria, Thallophyta, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms). Major groups of animals (salient features) (Non-chordates upto phyla and chordates upto classes). Health and Diseases : Health and its failure. Infectious and Non-infectious diseases, their causes and manifestation. Diseases caused by microbes (Virus, Bacteria and Protozoans) and their prevention, Principles of treatment and prevention. Pulse polio programmes.

Theme : Moving Things, People and Ideas (24 Periods)
Unit III: Motion, Force and Work

Floatation : Thrust and pressure. Archimedes’ principle, buoyancy, elementary idea of relative density. Work, energy and power : Work done by a force, energy, power; kinetic and potential energy; law of conservation of energy.

Sound : Nature of sound and its propagation in various media, speed of sound, range of hearing in humans; ultrasound; reflection of sound; echo and SONAR.
Structure of the human ear (auditory aspect only).

Theme : Natural Resources (15 Periods)

Unit IV: Our Environment
Physical resources : Air, Water, Soil.

Air for respiration, for combustion, for moderating temperatures; movements of air and its role in bringing rains across India. Air, water and soil pollution ( brief introduction). Holes in ozone layer and the probable damages. Bio-geo chemical cycles in nature : Water, oxygen, carbon and nitrogen.


Practicals should be conducted alongside the concepts taught in theory classes.


1. To verify laws of reflection of sound.

2. To determine the density of solid (denser than water) by using a spring balance and a measuring cylinder.

3. To establish the relation between the loss in weight of a solid when fully immersed in

a. tap water

b. strongly salty water, with the weight of water displaced by it by taking at least two different solids.

4. To observe and compare the pressure exerted by a solid iron cuboid on fine sand/ wheat flour while resting on its three different faces and to calculate the pressure exerted in the three different cases.

5. To determine the velocity of a pulse propagated through a stretched string/slinky.

6. To study the characteristic of Spirogyra/Agaricus, Moss/Fern, Pinus ( either with male or female cone) and an Angiospermic plant. Draw and give two identifying features of groups they belong to.

7. To observe and draw the given pictures/charts/models-earthworm, cockroach, bony fish and bird. For each organism record:

a. one specific feature of its phylum.

b. one adaptive feature with reference to its habitat.

8. To verify the law of conservation of mass in a chemical reaction.

9. To study the external features of root, stem, leaf and flower of monocot and dicot plants.

10. To study the life cycle of mosquito.

CBSE Class IX / X  Science Syllabus 2014 - 2015



First Term Marks : 90
S. No Units Marks
1 I. Chemical Substances-Nature and Behaviour 33
2 II. World of Living 21
3 IV. Effects of Current 29
4 V Natural Resources 07
Total 9 0

Theme : Materials (30 Periods)
Unit I: Chemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour

Chemical reactions : Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions : combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction.

Acids, bases and salts : Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, General properties, examples and uses, concept of pH scale(Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of sodium hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris. Metals and non metals : Properties of metals and non-metals, reactivity series, formation and properties of ionic compounds, basic metallurgical processes, corrosion and its prevention.

Theme : The World of The Living (20 Periods)
Unit II: World of Living

Life processes : “Living Being”. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals. Control and co-ordination in animals and plants : Tropic movements in plants; Introduction to plant hormones; control and co-ordination in animals : nervous system; voluntary, involuntary and reflex action, chemical co-ordination: animal hormones.

Theme : How Things Work (32 Periods)
Unit IV: Effects of Current

Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R. Magnetic effects of current : Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule. Electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current. Fleming’s Right Hand Rule, Direct current. Alternating current : frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits.

Theme : Natural Resources (08 Periods)
Unit V: Natural Resources

Sources of energy : Different forms of energy, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: fossil fuels, solar energy; biogas; wind, water and tidal energy; nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources.


Practical should be conducted alongside the concepts taught in theory classes.


1. To find the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator:

a. Dilute Hydrochloric Acid

b. Dilute NaOH solution

c. Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution

d. Lemon juice

e. Water

f. Dilute Sodium Bicarbonate solution

2. To study the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) by their reaction with:

a. Litmus solution (Blue/Red)

b. Zinc metal

c. Solid sodium carbonate

3. To perform and observe the following reactions and classify them into:

i. Combination reaction

ii. Decomposition reaction

iii. Displacement reaction

iv. Double displacement reaction

1) Action of water on quick lime

2) Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals

3) Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution

4) Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions

4. i) To observe the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions:

a. ZnSO4 (aq)

b. FeSO4 (aq)

c. CuSO4(aq)

d. Al2 (SO4)3(aq)

ii) Arrange Zn, Fe, Cu and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result.

5. To study the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance. Also plot a graph between V and I.

6. To determine the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series.

7 To determine the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in parallel.

8 To prepare a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.

9 To show experimentally that light is necessary for photosynthesis.

10 To show experimentally that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.



Second Term Marks : 90
S. No Units Marks
1 I. Chemical Substances -Nature and Behaviour 23
2 II. World of Living 30
3 III. Natural Phenomena 29
4 IV Natural Resources 08
Total 9 0

Theme : Materials (25 Periods)
Unit I: Chemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour

Carbon compounds : Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents. Periodic classification of elements : Need for classification, Modern periodic table, gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties.

Theme : The World of The Living (30 Periods)
Unit II: World of Living

Reproduction : Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need for and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health. Heredity and Evolution : Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction; Basic concepts of evolution.

Theme : Natural Phenomena (23 Periods)
Unit III: Natural Phenomena

Reflection of light by curved surfaces, Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification. Refraction; laws of refraction, refractive index. Refraction of light by spherical lens, Image formed by spherical lenses, Lens formula (Derivation not required), Magnification. Power of a lens; Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.

Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.

Theme : Natural Resources (12 Periods)
Unit IV: Natural Resources

Conservation of natural resources. Management of natural resources. Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wild life, coal and petroleum conservation. Examples of people’s participation for conservation of natural resources. Regional environment : Big dams : advantages and limitations; alternatives, if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources. Our environment : Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.


Practicals should be conducted alongside the concepts taught in theory classes.


1. To study the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid) :

i) odour

ii) solubility in water

iii) effect on litmus

iv) reaction with sodium bicarbonate

2. To study saponification reaction for preparation of soap.

3. To study the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water.

4. To determine the focal length of:

i. Concave mirror,

ii. Convex lens, by obtaining the image of a distant object.

5. To trace the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, angle of emergence and interpret the result.

6. To study (a) binary fission in Amoeba, and (b) budding in yeast with the help of prepared slides.

7. To trace the path of the rays of light through a glass prism.

8. To find the image distance for varying object distances in case of a convex lens and draw corresponding ray diagrams to show the nature of image formed.

9. To study homology and analogy with the help of models/charts of animals and models/charts/specimens of plants.

10. To identify the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed ( Pea, gram or red kidney bean).


  •  Science – Textbook for class IX – NCERT Publication
  • Science – Textbook for class X – NCERT Publication
  • Assessment of Practical Skills in Science – Class IX – CBSE Publication
  • Assessment of Practical Skills in Science – Class X – CBSE Publication
  • Laboratory Manual – Science – Class IX , NCERT Publication
  • Laboratory Manual – Science – Class X, NCERT Publication

CBSE Class IX / X  Science Syllabus 2014 - 2015

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