Class 11 Chemistry Notes General Organic Chemistry

General Organic Chemistry is like soul for preparation of organic chemistry.

First we will see how bond breaks and what the different reasons behind bond breaking.

There are basically two types of bond fission:

  1. Homolytic Bond Fission
  2. Heterolytic Bond Fission

Homolytic Bond Fission:

Homolysis: The bond cleavage in which each bonded atom gets their own contribution

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  • Cleavage takes place due to HELP (H = Heat, E = Electricity, L = Light, P = Peroxide)
  • Favored when Electro negativity difference is zero.
  • Cleavage takes place in non polar solvent.

Heterolytic Bond Fission:

Class 11 Chemistry Notes General Organic Chemistry Image by AglaSem

  • It is formed when the electronegativity difference between the bonded atoms is high.
  • Formation is favored by polar solvent

Class 11 Chemistry Notes General Organic Chemistry Image by AglaSem

  • Positive charge of the solvent attracts the Negative pole of compound and the
  • Negative pole of the solvent attracts Positive, and the bond breaks.
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