POLITICAL SCIENCE

(Three hours) (Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.)

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Answer Question 1{compulsory)from Part I and five questions from Part II. choosing two questions from Section A and three questions from Section B. the intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

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PART I

 (Compulsory) 

Answer all questions

Question 1

Answer briefly each of the questions (i) to (xv).          [30]

(i)      What was the basis of Plato’s classification of States?
(ii)     What is the meaning of social and economic checks and balances in a liberal democracy?
(iii)   Give one example each of a unitary state which is democratic, and one which is a totalitarian communist state.
(iv)    What is Unitary Federalism?
(v)    Mention two demerits of a written constitution.
(vi)    What is the role of civil servants in policy formation?
(vii)  What is mean by single member constituency?
(viii) Explain the second ballot systerrL
(ix)    What is a reserved constituency in the Indian electoral system?
(x)     With whom are the residuary powers vested in: (a) U.S.A. (b) India?
(x)   List two ways in which the Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha.
(xii)   Define senatorial courtesy.
(xiii)  Mention the basic difference between the position of the British Speaker and his American counterpart.

(xiv) What is the mode of appointment of judges in the apex courts of: (a) India {b) U.K?

(xv) Suggest any two measures to eradicate economic inequality.

PART II

SECTION A

Answer two questions

Question 2

(a) Explain Aristotle’s classification of States and critically evaluate it.    [8]

(b) No rule is better than sel~rule. In the light of the statement, discuss any sixmerits of Liberal Democracy.  [6]

Question 3

(a) Define Federation and explain its four merits and four demerits.         [8]
(b) Given any six salient features of a parliamentary system of government.  [6]

Question 4

(a)What is a constitution? Explain the role of conventions with two examples each from the written Constitutions of U.S. and India and two example from the unwritten Constitution of U.K.      [8]
(b)What are rig/d and flexible Constitutions? Discuss any two merits and any two demerits of a flexible Constitution.[6]

SECTION B

Answer three questions

 

Question 5

  1. Explain the limitations of the theory of Separation of Powers.        [8]
  2. Discuss three advantages and three disadvantages of functional representation.      [6]

Question6                                                                                                                                                                                     

  1. Discuss the powers of the British House of Commons.[8]
  2. Give six factors responsible for the legislatures becoming mere talking shops in the developing countries.[6]

Question 7

(a) Compare the powers and functions of the President of U.S.A. and the Prime Minister of India. [8]
(b) Distinguish between the permanent and the political executive.      [6]

Question 8                        [8]
(a) Discuss the conditions essential to ensure the independence of judiciary.
(b) Explain the original, appellate and advisory functions of the Supreme Court of India. [6]

Question 9
(a) Discuss measures the should be taken to meet the challenge of political violence in India. [8]

(b)Give any six factors responsible for regional imbalances in India.[6]

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