Some Good Examples and Nature of C-X Bonds 

Que.

i)   Give the IUPAC names of following compounds :-

 

 

i)   Give IUPAC names of following Haloarenes:-

 

NATURE OF THE C – X BOND:-

  • Due to the electronegativity difference b/w the highly electronegative chlorine atom and less electronegative alkyl group

Halogen attains a partially negative charge and alkyl group attains +ve charge.

  • The size of halogen atom increase as we move down the group. Consequently carbon – halogen bond length increase and bond enthalpy decreases

From C – F to C – I

  • From F to I electronegativity of halogen decreases hence dipole moment of C –X bond decreases.

 

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Class 12 Chem Haloalkanes and Haloarenes All Topic Notes Class 12 Chemistry All Chapters Notes

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