I Physical Geology:

  1. Geology – Introduction, Branches – Its relation with other disciplines – Scope and applications.
  2. Solar system, Origin and Age of the earth
  3. Earth’s Interior (Crust, Mantle and Core) and Exterior (Atmosphere, Hydrosphere and Biosphere).
  4. Rock Weathering – physical, Chemical and Biological.
  5. Geological Agents and their action – Erosion, Transportation and Deposition.
  6. Wind – Geological action, Erosional and depositional land forms.
  7. Geological action of rivers, Stages of river development, Erosional and depositional land forms.
  8. Glaciaers – Types, geological action and land forms.
  9. Geological action of underground water – Stalactites and stalagmites, Karst Topography.
  10. Oceans – Coastal and Submarine geological processes, Coral reefs, Tsunamis.
  11. Valcanoes – Definition, parts, types and products.
  12. Earthquakes – Definition, Seismic waves, types, Seismograph, effects and distribution in the world.
  13. Concept of Continental drift and plate tectonics.

II Structural Geology

  1. Structural Geology – Definition and objectives, Strike and dip, Clinometer/Brunton compass
  2. Study of important structural features – folds, faults, Joints and unconformities.

III Crystallography

  1. Introduction to Crystallography, Crystal – Definition, Morphology, Axes, Elements of Symmetry, Forms, Parameters and Indices.
  2. Classification of crystals into 7 crystal systems.
  3. Morphological study of Normal class of Cubic, Tetragonal, Hexagonal, Trigonal, Orthorhombic, Monoclinic and Triclinic systems.

IV Mineralogy

  1. Introduction, Mineral – Definition and types, Physical properties of Minerals.
  2. Silicate structures.
  3. Descriptive mineralogy – Physical properties, chemical composition and mode of occurrence of the following mineral groups:
    i. Quartz
    ii. Feldspars
    iii. Pyroxenes
    iv. Amphiboles
    v. Micas
    vi. Other minerals – Olivine, Garnet, Topaz, Kyanite, Calcite, Talc, Beryl, Corundum, Apatite, Gypsum and Barytes.
  4. Optical Mineralogy – Introduction, thin sections, Polarizing Microscope, Optical properties of minerals.


(Physical Geology, Crystallography and Mineralogy)

I. Geomorphology models of Rivers, – Ground water and volcanoes.

II. Crystallography : Simple, Normal class forms.
Cubic system : Cube, octahedron, Dodecahedron, Tetrahexahedron, Trisoctahedron, Trapezohedron and Hexaoctahedron.
Tetrigonal system: Basal Pinacoid, Prisms and Pyramids
Orthorhomibic : Pinacoids, Prisms and Pyramids
Monoclinic : Pinacoids & Pyramids
Triclinic : Pinacoid, Prisms & Pyramids
Hexagonal : Prisms & Pyramids

III. Mineralogy: Identification of rock forming minerals as per the theory syllabus.

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