I Physical Geology:

  1. Geology – Introduction, Branches – Its relation with other disciplines – Scope and applications.
  2. Solar system, Origin and Age of the earth
  3. Earth’s Interior (Crust, Mantle and Core) and Exterior (Atmosphere, Hydrosphere and Biosphere).
  4. Rock Weathering – physical, Chemical and Biological.
  5. Geological Agents and their action – Erosion, Transportation and Deposition.
  6. Wind – Geological action, Erosional and depositional land forms.
  7. Geological action of rivers, Stages of river development, Erosional and depositional land forms.
  8. Glaciaers – Types, geological action and land forms.
  9. Geological action of underground water – Stalactites and stalagmites, Karst Topography.
  10. Oceans – Coastal and Submarine geological processes, Coral reefs, Tsunamis.
  11. Valcanoes – Definition, parts, types and products.
  12. Earthquakes – Definition, Seismic waves, types, Seismograph, effects and distribution in the world.
  13. Concept of Continental drift and plate tectonics.

II Structural Geology

  1. Structural Geology – Definition and objectives, Strike and dip, Clinometer/Brunton compass
  2. Study of important structural features – folds, faults, Joints and unconformities.

III Crystallography

  1. Introduction to Crystallography, Crystal – Definition, Morphology, Axes, Elements of Symmetry, Forms, Parameters and Indices.
  2. Classification of crystals into 7 crystal systems.
  3. Morphological study of Normal class of Cubic, Tetragonal, Hexagonal, Trigonal, Orthorhombic, Monoclinic and Triclinic systems.

IV Mineralogy

  1. Introduction, Mineral – Definition and types, Physical properties of Minerals.
  2. Silicate structures.
  3. Descriptive mineralogy – Physical properties, chemical composition and mode of occurrence of the following mineral groups:
    i. Quartz
    ii. Feldspars
    iii. Pyroxenes
    iv. Amphiboles
    v. Micas
    vi. Other minerals – Olivine, Garnet, Topaz, Kyanite, Calcite, Talc, Beryl, Corundum, Apatite, Gypsum and Barytes.
  4. Optical Mineralogy – Introduction, thin sections, Polarizing Microscope, Optical properties of minerals.


(Physical Geology, Crystallography and Mineralogy)

I. Geomorphology models of Rivers, – Ground water and volcanoes.

II. Crystallography : Simple, Normal class forms.
Cubic system : Cube, octahedron, Dodecahedron, Tetrahexahedron, Trisoctahedron, Trapezohedron and Hexaoctahedron.
Tetrigonal system: Basal Pinacoid, Prisms and Pyramids
Orthorhomibic : Pinacoids, Prisms and Pyramids
Monoclinic : Pinacoids & Pyramids
Triclinic : Pinacoid, Prisms & Pyramids
Hexagonal : Prisms & Pyramids

III. Mineralogy: Identification of rock forming minerals as per the theory syllabus.

Click Here for Complete AP Board Intermediate Syllabus

You wish to report grammatical or factual errors within our online articles, you can let us know using the article feedback form.