Unit – 1: Introduction to Psychology:

Nature, Scope and Goals of Psychology; Concept and Characteristics of Behaviour; Schools of PsychologyStructuralism, Functionalism, Behaviourism, Psychoanalysis, Humanism and Gestalt. Branches of Psychology – Pure and Applied; Relationship of Psychology with other disciplines.

Unit – 2: Methods of Psychology:

Psychological Inquiry; Nature of Psychological Data (Demographic, Physical, Physiological and Psychological information); Methods of Psychology- Observation, Case Study, Interview, Survey and Experimental methods – Steps in conducting Scientific Research (Conceptualization of a problem, Collection of data, Drawing conclusions and Revising research conclusions and developing a theory); Difference between Quantitative and Qualitative methods; Use of Psychological Tests – Individual and Group, Personality, Intelligence and Aptitude tests, Verbal, Nonverbal and Performance tests, Speed and Power tests.

Unit – 3: Bases of Human Behaviour:

Structure of a Neuron and Nervous System; Localization of Brain Functions; Role of Neurotransmitters; Endocrine System; Role of Heredity – Genes and Chromosomes; Genetic and Chromosomal Abnormalities; Concept of Genetic Counselling; Socio- Cultural Factors of Shaping Behaviour – Concept of Culture, Socialization, Agents of Socialization; Nature Vs Nurture Controversy. 15 HOURS

Unit – 4: Human Development:

Meaning and Factors influencing Development; Overview of Developmental Stages – Prenatal, Infancy, Childhood, Puberty, Adolescence, Adulthood and Old age ( Developmental tasks, Developmental Hazards, Physical, Cognitive, Social, Emotional and Personality development at each stage); Erik Erickson’s Theory of Psycho-Social Development.

Unit – 5: Sensation and Perception:

Nature and Functioning of Different Sense Modalities; Sensory Thresholds; Sensory Adaptation; Attention- Types and Determinants of Attention; Nature of Perception, Figure and Ground Phenomenon, Principles of Perceptual Organisation; Perceptual Phenomena – Perceptual Constancy, Depth Perception and Movement Perception; Factors influencing Perception (Motivation, Expectations or Perceptual Sets, Cognitive Styles, Cultural Background and Experiences); Abnormalities in Perception – Illusions and Hallucinations.

Unit – 6: Motivation and Emotion:

Meaning, Nature and Significance of Motivation, Concepts of Motivation (Need, Drive, Instinct, Incentive and Motive); Motivational cycle; Biological and Psychosocial Bases of Motives; Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation; Maslow’s Theory on Hierarchy of Needs. Nature and definition of Emotions; Difference between feelings, moods and affect; Components of emotion; Basic emotions; Effects and causes of emotion; Development of Emotions; Managing Negative Emotions like Anger, Anxiety and Fear; Concept of Emotional Intelligence.

Unit – 7: Learning:

Nature of Learning; Concept of Learning Curve; Paradigms of Learning – Trial & Error, Classical and Operant Conditioning, Cognitive Learning (Insightful Learning); Concepts of Transfer of Learning, Verbal and Motor Learning; Efficient Methods of Learning; Enhancing Study Habits and Study Skills.

Unit – 8: Memory:

Nature and Types of Memory; Information Processing Approach to Memory; Nature and Causes of Forgetting; Forgetting Curve; Methods of Improving Memory.

Unit – 9: Thinking:

Nature and Types of Thinking; Tools in Thinking; Creative Thinking – Stages of Creative Thinking, Characteristics of Creative Thinkers; Creativity Vs Intelligence; Factors influencing Creativity.

Unit – 10: Intelligence:

Nature of Intelligence; Theories of Intelligence – Spearman, Thurstone, Guilford and Gardner; Classification of Intelligence; Concept of I.Q.; Types of Intelligence Tests; Individual differences in Intelligence – Ability, Aptitude, Achievement, Socio-Economic Status and Gender.

Click Here for Complete AP Board Intermediate Syllabus