Steps involved in nomenclature of alcohols:-
- Selection of the longest carbon chain continuity (-OH) hydroxyl Group
- Give the least no. to the carbon which (-OH) Group is attached
- Replace from the name of respective alkane by –ol
- Give suffix di four two (-OH) groups tri (for 3) and tetra (for 4), penta (for 5) (-OH) Groups attached.
For Example 4 3 2 1
Having 4 carbon series name → Butane OH group is attached on 1.
Carbon atom thus its name is
Butanol or Butan -1 -0l
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