Class 11 Important Questions for Physics – Motion in a Plane

NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics is very important resource for students preparing for XI Board Examination. Here we have provided NCERT Exemplar Problems Solutions along with NCERT Exemplar Problems Class 11.

Question from very important topics are covered by NCERT Exemplar Class 11. You also get idea about the type of questions and method to answer in your Class 11th examination.

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Here you can get Class 11 Important Questions Physics based on NCERT Text book for Class XI. Physics Class 11 Important Questions are very helpful to score high marks in board exams. Here we have covered Important Questions on Motion in a Plane for Class 11 Physics subject.

Physics Important Questions Class 11 are given below.

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ I)

    • (a) 45°
    • (b) 90°
    • (c) –45°
    • (d) 180°
  1. Which one of the following statements is true?
    • (a) A scalar quantity is the one that is conserved in a process.
    • (b) A scalar quantity is the one that can never take negative values.
    • (c) A scalar quantity is the one that does not vary from one point to another in space.
    • (d) A scalar quantity has the same value for observers with different orientations of the axes.
  2. Figure 4.1 shows the orientation of two vectors u and v in the XY plane.

    which of the following is correct?
    • (a) a and p are positive while b and q are negative.
    • (b) a, p and b are positive while q is negative.
    • (c) a, q and b are positive while p is negative.
    • (d) a, b, p and q are all positive.
  3. The component of a vector r along X-axis will have maximum value if
    • (a) r is along positive Y-axis
    • (b) r is along positive X-axis
    • (c) r makes an angle of 45° with the X-axis
    • (d) r is along negative Y-axis
  4. The horizontal range of a projectile fired at an angle of 15° is 50 m. If it is fired with the same speed at an angle of 45°, its range will be
    • (a) 60 m
    • (b) 71 m
    • (c) 100 m
    • (d) 141 m
  5. Consider the quantities, pressure, power, energy, impulse, gravitational potential, electrical charge, temperature, area. Out of these, the only vector quantities are
    • (a) Impulse, pressure and area
    • (b) Impulse and area
    • (c) Area and gravitational potential
    • (d) Impulse and pressure
  6. In a two dimensional motion, instantaneous speed vo is a positive constant. Then which of the following are necessarily true?
    • (a) The average velocity is not zero at any time.
    • (b) Average acceleration must always vanish.
    • (c) Displacements in equal time intervals are equal.
    • (d) Equal path lengths are traversed in equal intervals.
  7. In a two dimensional motion, instantaneous speed vo is a positive constant. Then which of the following are necessarily true?
    • (a) The acceleration of the particle is zero.
    • (b) The acceleration of the particle is bounded.
    • (c) The acceleration of the particle is necessarily in the plane of motion.
    • (d) The particle must be undergoing a uniform circular motion.
  8. Three vectors A,B and C add up to zero. Find which is false.
    • (a) (A * B) * C is not zero unless B,C are parallel
    • (b) (A * B).C is not zero unless B,C are parallel
    • (c) If A,B,C define a plane, (A * B) *C is in that plane
    • (d) (A * B).C=|A||B||C| → C2 = A2 + B2
  9. It is found that |A+B|=|A|.This necessarily implies,
    • (a) B = 0
    • (b) A,B are antiparallel
    • (c) A,B are perpendicular
    • (d) A.B ≤ 0

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ II)

  1. Two particles are projected in air with speed vo at angles θ1 and θ2 (both acute) to the horizontal, respectively. If the height reached by the first particle is greater than that of the second, then tick the right choices
    • (a) angle of projection : q1 > q2
    • (b) time of flight : T1 > T2
    • (c) horizontal range : R1 > R2
    • (d) total energy : U1 > U2.
  2. A particle slides down a frictionless parabolic (y = x2) track (A – B – C) starting from rest at point A (Fig. 4.2). Point B is at the vertex of parabola and point C is at a height less than that of point A. After C, the particle moves freely in air as a projectile. If the particle reaches highest point at P, then
    • (a) KE at P = KE at B
    • (b) height at P = height at A
    • (c) total energy at P = total energy at A
    • (d) time of travel from A to B = time of travel from B to P.
  3. Following are four different relations about displacement, velocity and acceleration for the motion of a particle in general. Choose the incorrect one (s) :
  4. For a particle performing uniform circular motion, choose the correct statement(s) from the following:
    • (a) Magnitude of particle velocity (speed) remains constant.
    • (b) Particle velocity remains directed perpendicular to radius vector.
    • (c) Direction of acceleration keeps changing as particle moves.
    • (d) Angular momentum is constant in magnitude but direction keeps changing.
  5. For two vectors A and B, |A + B| = |A – B| is always true when
    • (a) |A| = |B| ≠ 0
    • (b) |A| ⊥ |B|
    • (c) |A| = |B| ≠ 0 and A and B are parallel or anti parallel
    • (d) when either |A| or |B| is zero.

Very Short Answer Type Questions

  1. A cyclist starts from centre O of a circular park of radius 1km and moves along the path OPRQO as shown Fig. 4.3. If he maintains constant speed of 10ms–1, what is his acceleration at point R in magnitude and direction?
  2. A particle is projected in air at some angle to the horizontal, moves along parabola as shown in Fig. 4.4, where x and y indicate horizontal and vertical directions, respectively. Show in the diagram, direction of velocity and acceleration at points A, B and C.
  3. A ball is thrown from a roof top at an angle of 45° above the horizontal. It hits the ground a few seconds later. At what point during its motion, does the ball have
    • (a) greatest speed.
    • (b) smallest speed.
    • (c) greatest acceleration? Explain
  4. A football is kicked into the air vertically upwards. What is its
    • (a) acceleration, and
    • (b) velocity at the highest point?
  5. A, B and C are three non-collinear, non co-planar vectors. What can you say about direction of A × (B × C)?

Short Answer Type Questions

  1. A boy travelling in an open car moving on a levelled road with constant speed tosses a ball vertically up in the air and catches it back. Sketch the motion of the ball as observed by a boy standing on the footpath. Give explanation to support your diagram.
  2. A boy throws a ball in air at 60° to the horizontal along a road with a speed of 10 m/s (36 km/h). Another boy sitting in a passing by car observes the ball. Sketch the motion of the ball as observed by the boy in the car, if car has a speed of (18km/h). Give explanation to support your diagram.
  3. In dealing with motion of projectile in air, we ignore effect of air resistance on motion. This gives trajectory as a parabola as you have studied. What would the trajectory look like if air resistance is included? Sketch such a trajectory and explain why you have drawn it that way.
  4. A fighter plane is flying horizontally at an altitude of 1.5 km with speed 720 km/h. At what angle of sight (w.r.t. horizontal) when the target is seen, should the pilot drop the bomb in order to attack the target?
  5. (a) Earth can be thought of as a sphere of radius 6400 km. Any object (or a person) is performing circular motion around the axis of earth due to earth’s rotation (period 1 day). What is acceleration of object on the surface of the earth (at equator) towards its centre? what is it at latitude θ ? How does these accelerations compare with g = 9.8 m/s2?
    (b) Earth also moves in circular orbit around sun once every year with on orbital radius of 1.5 * 1011m . What is the acceleration of
    earth (or any object on the surface of the earth) towards the centre of the sun? How does this acceleration compare with g = 9.8 m/s2?
  6. Given below in column I are the relations between vectors a, b and c and in column II are the orientations of a, b and c in the XY plane. Match the relation in column I to correct orientations in column II.
  7. If |A| = 2 and |B| = 4 , then match the relations in column I with the angle θ between A and B in column II.
  8. If |A| = 2 and |B| = 4, then match the relations in column I with the angle θ between A and B in column II.

Long Answer Type Questions

  1. A hill is 500 m high. Supplies are to be sent across the hill using a canon that can hurl packets at a speed of 125 m/s over the hill. The canon is located at a distance of 800m from the foot of hill and can be moved on the ground at a speed of 2 m/s; so that its distance from the hill can be adjusted. What is the shortest time in which a packet can reach on the ground across the hill ? Take g =10 m/s2.
  2. A gun can fire shells with maximum speed vo and the maximum horizontal range that can be achieved is R = vo2 / g.
  3. If a target farther away by distance ΔDx (beyond R) has to be hit with the same gun (Fig 4.5), show that it could be achieved by raising the gun to a height at least

    Hint : This problem can be approached in two different ways:
    • (i) Refer to the diagram: target T is at horizontal distance x = R + Δx and below point of projection y = – h.
    • (ii) From point P in the diagram: Projection at speed vo at an angle θ below horizontal with height h and horizontal range Δx.
  4. A particle is projected in air at an angle β to a surface which itself is inclined at an angle a to the horizontal (Fig. 4.6).
    • (a) Find an expression of range on the plane surface (distance on the plane from the point of projection at which particle will hit the surface).
    • (b) Time of flight.
    • (c) β at which range will be maximum.
      Hint : This problem can be solved in two different ways:
    • (i) Point P at which particle hits the plane can be seen as intersection of its trajectory (parabola) and straight line. Remember particle is projected at an angle (α + β ) w.r.t. horizontal.
    • (ii) We can take x-direction along the plane and y-direction perpendicular to the plane. In that case resolve g (acceleration due to gravity) in two different components, gx along the plane and gy perpendicular to the plane. Now the problem can be solved as two independent motions in x and y directions respectively with time as a common parameter.
  5. A particle falling vertically from a height hits a plane surface inclined to horizontal at an angle θ with speed vo and rebounds elastically (Fig 4.7). Find the distance along the plane where if will hit second time.

    • (i) After rebound, particle still has speed vo to start.
    • (ii) Work out angle particle speed has with horizontal after it rebounds.
    • (iii) Rest is similar to if particle is projected up the incline.
  6. A girl riding a bicycle with a speed of 5 m/s towards north direction, observes rain falling vertically down. If she increases her speed to 10 m/s, rain appears to meet her at 45° to the vertical. What is the speed of the rain? In what direction does rain fall as observed by a ground based observer?
  7. A river is flowing due east with a speed 3m/s. A swimmer can swim in still water at a speed of 4 m/s (Fig. 4.8).
    • (a) If swimmer starts swimming due north, what will be his resultant velocity (magnitude and direction)?
    • (b) If he wants to start from point A on south bank and reach opposite point B on north bank,
    • (a) which direction should he swim?
    • (b) what will be his resultant speed?
    • (c) From two different cases as mentioned in (a) and (b) above, in which case will he reach opposite bank in shorter time?
  8. A cricket fielder can throw the cricket ball with a speed vo. If he throws the ball while running with speed u at an angle θ to the horizontal, find
    • (a) the effective angle to the horizontal at which the ball is projected in air as seen by a spectator.
    • (b) what will be time of flight?
    • (c) what is the distance (horizontal range) from the point of projection at which the ball will land?
    • (d) find θ at which he should throw the ball that would maximise the horizontal range as found in (iii).
    • (e) how does θ for maximum range change if u >vo, u = vo, u < vo?
    • (f) how does θ in (v) compare with that for u = 0 (i.e.45°)?

  9. A man wants to reach from A to the opposite corner of the square C (Fig. 4.10). The sides of the square are 100 m. A central square of 50m * 50m is filled with sand. Outside this square, he can walk at a speed 1 m/s. In the central square, he can walk only at a speed of v m/s (v < 1). What is smallest value of v for which he can reach faster via a straight path through the sand than any path in the square outside the sand?

Answers to Multiple Choice Questions

Q.No. Answer Q.No. Answer
1 (b) 1 (a), (b)
2 (d) 2 (c)
3 (b) 3 (a), (c)
4 (b) 4 (a), (b), (c)
5 (c) 5 (b), (d)
6 (b)
7 (d)
8 (c)
9 (c)
10 (b)

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