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Nitro alkanes are derivatives of alkanes. They are isomeric to nitrites (esters) classified as primary, secondary and tertiary depending on the nature of carbon atom to which nitro group is linked.

It is called nitro and if it attacks through oxygen atom, it is called nitrite. Hence nitrites and nitro compounds are isomers.

Illustration 1. What is ambident nucleophile?

Solution: Nucleophiles which can attack from two sites such as CN, NO2 are called ambident nucleophiles.

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