Class 12 Business Studies Financial Market – Get here the Notes for Class 12 Business Studies Financial Market. Candidates who are ambitious to qualify the Class 12 with good score can check this article for Notes. This is possible only when you have the best CBSE Class 12 Business Studies study material and a smart preparation plan. To assist you with that, we are here with notes. Hope these notes will helps you understand the important topics and remember the key points for exam point of view. Below we provided the Notes of Class 12 Business Studies for topic Financial Market .
- Class: 12th
- Subject: Business Studies
- Topic: Financial Market
- Resource: Notes
CBSE Notes Class 12 Business Studies Financial Market
Candidates who are pursuing in Class 12 are advised to revise the notes from this post. With the help of Notes, candidates can plan their Strategy for particular weaker section of the subject and study hard. So, go ahead and check the Important Notes for Class 12 Business Studies Financial Market.
Points to Remember
1. Financial Market Financial market is a link between surplus and deficit units or in other words financial market brings together lenders and borrowers.
2. Functions of Financial Markets
(i) Mobilisation of savings and channelising them into most productive use
(ii) Facilitates price discovery
(iii) Provides liquidity to financial assets
(iv) Reduces the cost of transaction
3. Classification of Financial Market
There are two segment of financial market
(i) Money Market It is a market for short term funds meant for dealing in monetary assets whose period of maturity is less than one year.
(a) Features of Money Market
- Market for short term
- No fixed geographical location
- Major institutions involved in money market are RBI Commercial Banks, LIC, GIC etc.
- Common instruments of money market are call money, treasury bill, CP, CD, commercial bill etc.
(b) Instruments of Money Market
- Call money
- Treasury bills (T Bills)
- Commercial bills • Commercial Paper (CP)
- Certificate of Deposits (CD)
(iii) Capital Market It is a market for medium and long term funds. It includes all the organisations, institutions and instruments that provides long term and medium term funds.
According to VK Bhalla, “Capital market can be defined as the mechanism which channellises saving into investment or productive use. Capital market allocates the capital resources amongst alternative uses. It intermediates flow of savings of those who save a part of their income from those who want to invest it in productive assets”
(a) Features of Capital Market
- Link between savers and investment opportunities
- Deals in long term investment
- Utilises intermediaries
- Determinant of capital formation
- Government rules and regulations
(b) Types of Capital Markets The main components of capital market are
• Primary Market (New Issue Market) In this market, securities are sold for the first time, i.e., new securities are issued from the company.
Methods of Floatation The securities may be issued in primary market by the following methods
- Public issue though prospectus
- Offer for sale
- Private placement
- Right issue (for existing companies)
- Secondary Market (Stock Exchange) The secondary market is the market for the sale and purchase of previously issued or second hand securities.
4. Stock Exchange It defines as “an organisation or body of individuals, whether incorporated or not established f01′ the purpose of assisting. regulating and controlling of business in buying, selling and dealing in securities.”
5. Types of Operators in Stock Exchange
6. Functions of Stock Exchange/Secondary Market
- Economic barometer
- Pricing of securities
- Safety of transactions
- Contributes to economic growth
- Spreading of equity cult
- Providing scope for speculation
- Better allocation of capital
- Promotes the habits of savings and investment
7. Trading Procedure on a Stock Exchange
b. Some Benefits of on Line Stock Exchange
9. All India Level Stock Exchange India has two All India level stock exchanges. These are
- National Stock Exchange of India (NSEI)
- Over The Counter Exchange of India (OTCEI)
10. Common Features of NSEI and OTCEI
- Nation wide coverage
- Screen based trading
- Incorporated entities backed by financial institutions
11. NSEI It was recognised in 1992 and started working in 1994.
It launched the capital market segment in November 1994 and option segment in June 2000 for various derivative instruments.
Objectives and Nature of NSEI are as follows
- Securities traded – Capital market + Money market
- Payment and delivery in 15 days time period
12. OTCEI The OTCEI was incorporated in 1990. The trading started in this exchange in 1992. This exchange is established on the lines of NASDAQ the OTC exchange in USA.
Objectives and Nature of OTCEI are as follows
- Compulsory market makers to provide liquidity
- Settlement period of OTCEI is one week
13. Securities Exchange Board of India (SEE!) It was set up in 1998 to regulate the functions of securities market. SEBI promotes orderly and healthy development in the stock market.
(i) Objectives of SEBI
(a) Protect the interest of investors.
(b) Promote and develop stock exchange dealings.
(c) Regulate the dealings.
(ii) Functions of SEBI
(a) Protective Functions
- It checks price rigging.
It prohibits insider trading.
- SEBI prohibits fraudulent and unfair trade practices.
(b) Developmental Functions
- SEBI promotes training of intermediaries of the securities market.
- SEBI has permitted .internet trading through registered stock brokers.
(c) Regulatory Functions
- SEBI has framed rules and regulations and a code of conduct to regulate the intermediaries such as merchant bankers, brokers, underwriters etc.
- SEBI registers and regulates the working of mutual funds etc.
- SEBI regulate take over of the companies.
- SEBI conducts enquiries and audit of stock exchanges.
Class 12 Key Points, Important Questions & Practice Papers
Hope these notes helped you in your schools exam preparation. Candidates can also check out the Key Points, Important Questions & Practice Papers for various Subjects for Class 12 in both Hindi and English language form the link below.
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Class 12 NCERT Solutions
Candidates who are studying in Class 12 can also check Class 12 NCERT Solutions from here. This will help the candidates to know the solutions for all subjects covered in Class 12th. Candidates can click on the subject wise link to get the same. Class 12 Chapter-wise, detailed solutions to the questions of the NCERT textbooks are provided with the objective of helping students compare their answers with the sample answers.
Class 12 Mock Test / Practice
Mock test are the practice test or you can say the blue print of the main exam. Before appearing in the main examination, candidates must try mock test as it helps the students learn from their mistakes. With the help of Class 12 Mock Test / Practice, candidates can also get an idea about the pattern and marking scheme of that examination. For the sake of the candidates we are providing Class 12 Mock Test / Practice links below.
Class 12 Exemplar Questions
Exemplar Questions Class 12 is a very important resource for students preparing for the Examination. Here we have provided Exemplar Problems Solutions along with NCERT Exemplar Problems Class 12. Question from very important topics is covered by Exemplar Questions for Class 12.
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