NCERT Solutions Class 11 Psychology Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion– Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 11 Psychology Chapter 9. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete chapter 9 titled Of Motivation and Emotion taught in Class 11. If you are a student of Class 11 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Psychology, then you must come across chapter 9 Motivation and EmotionAfter you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Psychology Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion in one place
NCERT Solutions Class 11 Psychology Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion
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Motivation and Emotion
NCERT Solutions Class 11 Psychology chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion
Class 11, Psychology chapter 9, Motivation and Emotion solutions are given below in PDF format. You can view them online or download PDF file for future use.
Motivation and Emotion
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Question & Answer
Q.1: Explain the concept of motivation.
Ans : The concept of motivation focuses on the explanation of the causes of behaviour. The term motivation has been derived from the Latin word 'movere'. which refers to the movement of activity. The everyday behaviour is explained in terms of motives. For instance, earning money is the motive behind going to work. Though there can be other reasons too. Similarly the motive behind attending school/college is getting good education or acquiring a degree so that one can get a good job. Motivation also makes prediction about behaviour, and thus it is one of the determinants of behaviour.
Q.2: What are the biological bases of hunger and thirst needs?
Ans : The biological bases of hunger and thirst needs are those which are indicated by events inside and outside the body. Every organism has needs that produce drive and stimulate behaviour. It leads to certain actions towards achieving certain goals and reducing the drive. The stimuli for hunger include stomach contractions. low concentration of glucose in the blood. nerve impulses sent by liver to the brain and external factors like aroma. taste and appearance of food. Thirst occurs due to deprivation of water that leads to loss of water from cells and tissues of the body, drying of the mouth and subsequently causes dehydration. The anterior hypothalamus contains osmoreceptors that generate nerve impulses as a signal for thirst and drinking in case of cell dehydration.
Q.3: How do the needs for achievement, affiliation, and power influence the behaviour of adolescents? Explain with examples.
Ans : The needs for achievement, affiliation and power influence the behaviour of adolescents as they shape the motives that result from their interaction with environment. The need for affiliation is aroused when individuals feel threatened. helpless or happy. For example. adolescents face a lot of peer pressure to be popular. They are motivated to interact socially to gain popularity. Individuals are motivated towards achievement by tasks that are difficult and challenging. They have a strong desire for feedback on their performance to achieve their goal. The adolescents want to achieve good marks in examinations in order to experience the sense of achievement. The need for power refers to the ability of a person to take control over others. An adolescent who wants to become a "head student" is motivated to get power in the school and exercise control over the rest of the students.
Q.4: What is the basic idea behind Maslow’s hierarchy of needs? Explain with suitable examples.
Ans : The basic idea behind Maslow's of needs is the portrayal of human behaviour by arranging the various needs in a in terms of their importance for the sustenance of an individuaL They are arranged in an ascending order with the fundamental needs at the base and self-actualisation at the top. The hierarchy of needs are as he pyramid starts at the bottom with the basic physiological needs like hunger. thirst etc. A person will only be in a position to obtain other needs when his/her basic needs are fulfilled. The next stage represents the need to feel safe and secured in the physical and psychological sense. For example. home or any shelter that fulfils the need to be sate physically. Belongingness needs are related to the desire of the individual to be a part of a group, in order to have a collective consciousness. For example, being a part of family fulfils the need of belongingness and love. The esteem need arises during the stage where the individual wants to develop a sense of self-worth. For example holding a posiüon of authority adds to the self-esteem of a person. The need for self-actualisation occurs when a person is motivated to fully develop his/her potential. It is manifested through awareness, responsiveness, creaüvity etc. An instance of the same can be when an individual attempts to team new things in the middle of his/her career.
Q.5: Does physiological arousal precede or follow an emotional experience? Explain.
Ans : Physiological arousal follows an emotional experience. This is because the physiological changes accompany emotions that are experienced as a result of neurophysiologic activations. For example, appearance in an examination without preparing. resuRs in emotional distress due to fear of fa"ure and the student gets anxious. The emotional experience leads to physiological changes as eventually the student gets nervous and experiences sweating.
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