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Alcohole Notes

Class 12 Chemistry Notes – Chemical Reactions of Alcohols

Dehydration of alcohol:- Regent used is concentrated H2SO4 Δ. It proceeds via carbocation intermediate Mechanism:- (i)                  Electrophilic attack of (ii)                Formation of intermediate:- (iii)               Removal of proton to give...
Alcohole Notes

Class 12 Chemistry Notes – Methods of preparation of Alcohols

From Haloalkanes:- When HaloAlkanes (alkyl halides) are heated with aqueous sodium or Potassium Hydroxide, they forms alcohols From Alkenes:- Alcohols can be produced from Alkenes by their...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Chemical Kinetics – Arrhenius Equations

The effect of temperature on rate is given by Arrhenius law k = A.e–E/RT            K = rate constant     E = Activation energy     R = Gas constant     T =...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Chemical Kinetics – Order of Reaction

Rate equation is given by law of mass action for a chemical reaction, The sum of the exponents by which the concentration terms are...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Chemical Kinetics – Collision Theory of Rate of Reaction

Important Definitions: Active Molecules: Those molecules which attain the minimum energy required for a chemical reaction. Activation Energy: Minimum amount of energy required by a reactant molecule to...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Chemical Kinetics – Dehydration of Oxalic Acid & Hydrolysis...

Dehydration of oxalic acid In the presence of concentrated H2SO4, oxalic acid undergoes dehydration as follows: Like H2O2, the amount of oxalic acid present at any...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Chemical Kinetics – Dehydration of Oxalic Acid & Hydrolysis...

Dehydration of oxalic acid In the presence of concentrated H2SO4, oxalic acid undergoes dehydration as follows: Like H2O2, the amount of oxalic acid present at any...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Chemical Kinetics – Half Life

Half life of first order: Time required to consume the half of initial concentration of reactant is called half life period. At half life time: Thus half...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Chemical Kinetics – Rate Law and Molecularity

RATE LAW It is a mathematical expression which relates rate of reaction with concentration It can be derived only by performing experiments. R = k 2 k...
Alcohole Notes

Class 12 Chemistry Notes – Isomerism In Monohydric Alcohols

There are following structural isomerism in alcohols I. Chain isomerism:- Isomerism due to difference in number of atoms in primary chain of carbon atoms. II. Position isomerism:-   III....