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CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Solutions – Types of azeotropic mixtures

These are of the following two types: 1.  Azeotropic mixtures with  minimum boiling point:  The mixture of two liquids whose boiling Point is less than...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Solutions – Elevation in Boiling Point

Elevation in Boiling Point Boiling point is the temperature of a liquid at which its vapour pressure becomes equal to the atmospheric pressure. « Click Here for...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Solutions – Raoult’s Law

Raoult’s Law for Volatile Solutes Raoult’s law states that in a solution, the vapour pressure of a component at a given temperature is equal to...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Solutions – Osmosis and Osmotic Pressure

Osmosis In osmosis, there is a net flow of solvent molecules from the solvent to the solution or from a less concentrated solution to a...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Solutions – Van’t Hoff Factor

Van’t Hoff Factor Certain solutes which undergo dissociation or association in solution are found to show abnormal molecular mass. Due to this, the colligative property...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Solutions – Solubility of Partially Miscible Liquids and Azeotropic...

Solubility of Partially Miscible Liquids Conjugate solutions:  Many liquids are partially miscible and form two liquid layers at a particular temperature. Such liquid solutions in...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Solutions – Vapour Pressure

Vapour Pressure of a Liquid Vapour pressure is the pressure exerted by vapours when they are in equilibrium with the liquid phase at a given...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Solutions – Ideal Solutions

Ideal Solutions Ideal solutions are the solutions in which solute solute and solvent­solvent interactions are almost similar to solute solvent interactions (A – B =...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Solutions – Concentration Terms of Solutions-II

Molality:  It is the number of moles or gram moles of solute dissolved per kilogram of the solvent. It is denoted by m. Normality: It is...

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Solutions – Concentration Terms of Solutions-I

Concentration: It is the amount of solute present in one litre of solution. It is denoted by C or S. Concentration in parts per million...