Class 11 Important Questions for Chemistry – The p-Block Elements

NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Chemistry is very important resource for students preparing for XI Board Examination. Here we have provided NCERT Exemplar Problems Solutions along with NCERT Exemplar Problems Class 11.

Question from very important topics are covered by NCERT Exemplar Class 11. You also get idea about the type of questions and method to answer in your Class 11th examination.

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Here you can get Class 11 Important Questions Chemistry based on NCERT Text book for Class XI. Chemistry Class 11 Important Questions are very helpful to score high marks in board exams. Here we have covered Important Questions on The p-Block Elements for Class 11 Chemistry subject.

Chemistry Important Questions Class 11 are given below.

Multiple Choice Questions (Type-I)

  1. The element which exists in liquid state for a wide range of temperature and can be used for measuring high temperature is
    • (i) B
    • (ii) Al
    • (iii) Ga
    • (iv) In
  2. Which of the following is a Lewis acid ?
    • (i) AlCl3
    • (ii) MgCl2
    • (iii) CaCl2
    • (iv) BaCl2
  3. The geometry of a complex species can be understood from the knowledge of type of hybridisation of orbitals of central atom. The hybridisation of orbitals of central atom in [Be(OH)4] and the geometry of the complex are respectively
    • (i) sp3 , tetrahedral
    • (ii) sp3, square planar
    • (iii) sp3d2 , octahedral
    • (iv) dsp2 , square planar
  4. Which of the following oxides is acidic in nature?
    • (i) B2O3
    • (ii) Al2O3
    • (iii) Ga2O3
    • (iv) In2O3
  5. The exhibition of highest co-ordination number depends on the availability of vacant orbitals in the central atom. Which of the following elements is not likely to act as central atom in MF3-6?
    • (i) B
    • (ii) Al
    • (iii) Ga
    • (iv) In
  6. Boric acid is an acid because its molecule
    • (i) contains replaceable H+ ion
    • (ii) gives up a proton
    • (iii) accepts OHfrom water releasing proton
    • (iv) combines with proton from water molecule
  7. Catenation i.e., linking of similar atoms depends on size and electronic configuration of atoms. The tendency of catenation in Group 14 elements follows the order:
    • (i) C > Si > Ge > Sn
    • (ii) C >> Si > Ge ≈ Sn
    • (iii) Si > C > Sn > Ge
    • (iv) Ge > Sn > Si > C
  8. Silicon has a strong tendency to form polymers like silicones. The chain length of silicone polymer can be controlled by adding
    • (i) MeSiCl3
    • (ii) Me2SiCl2
    • (iii) Me3SiCl
    • (iv) Me4Si
  9. Ionisation enthalpy (Δi H1 kJ mol–1) for the elements of Group 13 follows the order.
    • (i) B > Al > Ga > In > Tl
    • (ii) B < Al < Ga < In < Tl
    • (iii) B < Al > Ga < In > Tl
    • (iv) B > Al < Ga > In < Tl
  10. In the structure of diborane
    • (i) All hydrogen atoms lie in one plane and boron atoms lie in a plane perpendicular to this plane.
    • (ii) 2 boron atoms and 4 terminal hydrogen atoms lie in the same plane and 2 bridging hydrogen atoms lie in the perpendicular plane.
    • (iii) 4 bridging hydrogen atoms and boron atoms lie in one plane and two terminal hydrogen atoms lie in a plane perpendicular to this plane.
    • (iv) All the atoms are in the same plane.
  11. A compound X, of boron reacts with NH3 on heating to give another compound Y which is called inorganic benzene. The compound X can be prepared by treating BF3 with Lithium aluminium hydride. The compounds X and Y are represented by the formulas.
    • (i) B2H6 , B3N3H6
    • (ii) B2O3, B3 N3 H6
    • (iii) BF3, B3N3 H6
    • (iv) B3N3H6 , B2H6
  12. Quartz is extensively used as a piezoelectric material, it contains ___________.
    • (i) Pb
    • (ii) Si
    • (iii) Ti
    • (iv) Sn
  13. The most commonly used reducing agent is
    • (i) AlCl3
    • (ii) PbCl2
    • (iii) SnCl4
    • (iv) SnCl2
  14. Dry ice is
    • (i) Solid NH3
    • (ii) Solid SO2
    • (iii) Solid CO2
    • (iv) Solid N2
  15. Cement, the important building material is a mixture of oxides of several elements. Besides calcium, iron and sulphur, oxides of elements of which of the group (s) are present in the mixture?
    • (i) group 2
    • (ii) groups 2, 13 and 14
    • (iii) groups 2 and 13
    • (iv) groups 2 and 14

Multiple Choice Questions (Type-II)

In the following questions two or more options may be correct.

  1. The reason for small radius of Ga compared to Al is _______.
    • (i) poor screening effect of d and f orbitals
    • (ii) increase in nuclear charge
    • (iii) presence of higher orbitals
    • (iv) higher atomic number
  2. The linear shape of CO2 is due to _________.
    • (i) sp3 hybridisation of carbon
    • (ii) sp hybridisation of carbon
    • (iii) pπ– pπbonding between carbon and oxygen
    • (iv) sp2 hybridisation of carbon
  3. Me3SiCl is used during polymerisation of organo silicones because
    • (i) the chain length of organo silicone polymers can be controlled by adding Me3SiCl
    • (ii) Me3SiCl blocks the end terminal of silicone polymer
    • (iii) Me3SiCl improves the quality and yield of the polymer
    • (iv) Me3SiCl acts as a catalyst during polymerisation
  4. Which of the following statements are correct?
    • (i) Fullerenes have dangling bonds
    • (ii) Fullerenes are cage-like molecules
    • (iii) Graphite is thermodynamically most stable allotrope of carbon
    • (iv) Graphite is slippery and hard and therefore used as a dry lubricant in machines
  5. Which of the following statements are correct. Answer on the basis of Fig.11.1.
    • (i) The two bridged hydrogen atoms and the two boron atoms lie in one plane;
    • (ii) Out of six B–H bonds two bonds can be described in terms of 3 centre 2-electron bonds.
    • (iii) Out of six B-H bonds four B-H bonds can be described in terms of 3 centre 2 electron bonds;
    • (iv) The four terminal B-H bonds are two centre-two electron regular bonds.
  6. Identify the correct resonance structures of carbon dioxide from the ones given below :
    • (i) O – C ≡ O
    • (ii) O = C = O
    • (iii) O ≡ C – O+
    • (iv) O – C ≡ O+

Short Answer Type Questions

  1. Draw the structures of BCl3.NH3 and AlCl3 (dimer).
  2. Explain the nature of boric acid as a Lewis acid in water.
  3. Draw the structure of boric acid showing hydrogen bonding. Which species is present in water? What is the hybridisation of boron in this species?
  4. Explain why the following compounds behave as Lewis acids?
    • (i) BCl3
    • (ii) AlCl3
  5. Give reasons for the following:
    • (i) CCl4 is immiscible in water, whereas SiCl4 is easily hydrolysed.
    • (ii) Carbon has a strong tendency for catenation compared to silicon.
  6. Explain the following :
    • (i) CO5 is a gas whereas SiO2 is a solid.
    • (ii) Silicon forms SiF62– ion whereas corresponding fluoro compound of carbon is not known.
  7. The +1 oxidation state in group 13 and +2 oxidation state in group 14 becomes more and more stable with increasing atomic number. Explain.
  8. Carbon and silicon both belong to the group 14, but inspite of the stoichiometric similarity, the dioxides, (i.e., carbon dioxide and silicon dioxide), differ in their structures. Comment.
  9. If a trivalent atom replaces a few silicon atoms in three dimensional network of silicon dioxide, what would be the type of charge on overall structure?
  10. When BCl3 is treated with water, it hydrolyses and forms [B[OH]4] only whereas AlCl3 in acidified aqueous solution forms [Al (H2O)6]3+ ion. Explain what is the hybridisation of boron and aluminium in these species?
  11. Aluminium dissolves in mineral acids and aqueous alkalies and thus shows amphoteric character. A piece of aluminium foil is treated with dilute
    hydrochloric acid or dilute sodium hydroxide solution in a test tube and on bringing a burning matchstick near the mouth of the test tube, a pop sound indicates the evolution of hydrogen gas. The same activity when performed with concentrated nitric acid, reaction doesn’t proceed. Explain the reason.
  12. Explain the following :
    • (i) Gallium has higher ionisation enthalpy than aluminium.
    • (ii) Boron does not exist as B3+ ion.
    • (iii) Aluminium forms [AlF6]3- ion but boron does not form [BF6]3- ion.
    • (iv) PbX2 is more stable than PbX4.
    • (v) Pb4+ acts as an oxidising agent but Sn2+ acts as a reducing agent.
    • (vi) Electron gain enthalpy of chlorine is more negative as compared to fluorine.
    • (vii) Tl (NO3)3 acts as an oxidising agent.
    • (viii) Carbon shows catenation property but lead does not.
    • (ix) BF3 does not hydrolyse.
    • (x) Why does the element silicon, not form a graphite like structure whereas carbon does.
  13. Identify the compounds A, X and Z in the following reactions :
  14. Complete the following chemical equations :

Matching Type Questions

In the following questions more than one correlation is possible between options of Column I and Column II. Make as many correlations as you can.

  1. Match the species given in Column I with the properties mentioned in Column II.
  2. Match the species given in Column I with properties given in Column II.
  3. Match the species given in Column I with the hybridisation given in Column II.

Assertion and Reason Type Questions

In the following questions a statement of Assertion (A) followed by a statement of Reason (R) is given. Choose the correct option out of the choices given below each question.

  1. Assertion (A): If aluminium atoms replace a few silicon atoms in three dimensional network of silicon dioxide, the overall structure acquires a negative charge.
    Reason (R) : Aluminium is trivalent while silicon is tetravalent.
    • (i) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A.
    • (ii) Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.
    • (iii) Both A and R are not correct
    • (iv) A is not correct but R is correct.
  2. Assertion (A): Silicons are water repelling in nature.
    Reason (R) : Silicons are organosilicon polymers, which have (–R2SiO–) as repeating unit.
    • (i) A and R both are correct and R is the correct explanation of A.
    • (ii) Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.
    • (iii) A and R both are not true.
    • (iv) A is not true but R is true

Long Answer Type Questions

  1. Describe the general trends in the following properties of the elements in Groups 13 and 14.
    • (i) Atomic size
    • (ii) Ionisation enthalpy
    • (iii) Metallic character
    • (iv) Oxidation states
    • (v) Nature of halides
  2. Account for the following observations:
    • (i) AlCl3 is a Lewis acid
    • (ii) Though fluorine is more electronegative than chlorine yet BF3 is a weaker Lewis acid than BCl3
    • (iii) PbO2 is a stronger oxidising agent than SnO2
    • (iv) The +1 oxidation state of thallium is more stable than its +3 state.
  3. When aqueous solution of borax is acidified with hydrochloric acid, a white crystalline solid is formed which is soapy to touch. Is this solid acidic or basic in nature? Explain.
  4. Three pairs of compounds are given below. Identify that compound in each of the pairs which has group 13 element in more stable oxidation state.
    Give reason for your choice. State the nature of bonding also.
    • (i) TlCl3, TlCl
    • (ii) AlCl3 , AlCl
    • (iii) InCl3, InCl
  5. BCl3 exists as monomer whereas AlCl3 is dimerised through halogen bridging. Give reason. Explain the structure of the dimer of AlCl3 also.
  6. Boron fluoride exists as BF3 but boron hydride doesn’t exist as BH3. Give reason. In which form does it exist? Explain its structure.
  7. (i) What are silicones? State the uses of silicones.
    (ii) What are boranes? Give chemical equation for the preparation of diborane.
  8. A compound (A) of boron reacts with NMe3 to give an adduct (B) which on hydrolysis gives a compound (C) and hydrogen gas. Compound (C) is an acid. Identify the compounds A, B and C. Give the reactions involved.
  9. A nonmetallic element of group 13, used in making bullet proof vests is extremely hard solid of black colour. It can exist in many allotropic forms and has unusually high melting point. Its trifluoride acts as Lewis acid towards ammonia. The element exihibits maximum covalency of four. Identify the element and write the reaction of its trifluoride with ammonia. Explain why does the trifluoride act as a Lewis acid.
  10. A tetravalent element forms monoxide and dioxide with oxygen. When air is passed over heated element (1273 K), producer gas is obtained. Monoxide of the element is a powerful reducing agent and reduces ferric oxide to iron. Identify the element and write formulas of its monoxide and dioxide. Write chemical equations for the formation of producer gas and reduction of ferric oxide with the monoxide.

Answers to Multiple Choice Questions

MCQ (Type-I)
Q.No. Answer Q.No. Answer Q.No. Answer Q.No. Answer Q.No. Answer Q.No. Answer
1  (iii) 2  (i) 3  (i) 4  (i) 5  (i) 6  (iii)
7  (ii) 8  (iii) 9  (iv) 10  (ii) 11  (i) 12  (ii)
13  (iv) 14  (iii) 15  (ii)
MCQ (Type-II)
Q.No. Answer Q.No. Answer Q.No. Answer
1  (i), (ii) 2  (ii), (iii) 3  (i), (ii)
4  (ii), (iii) 5  (i), (ii), (iv) 6  (ii), (iv)

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