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Class 11 Important Questions for Chemistry – Hydrocarbons

NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Chemistry is very important resource for students preparing for XI Board Examination. Here we have provided NCERT Exemplar Problems Solutions along with NCERT Exemplar Problems Class 11.

Question from very important topics are covered by NCERT Exemplar Class 11. You also get idea about the type of questions and method to answer in your Class 11th examination.

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Here you can get Class 11 Important Questions Chemistry based on NCERT Text book for Class XI. Chemistry Class 11 Important Questions are very helpful to score high marks in board exams. Here we have covered Important Questions on Hydrocarbons for Class 11 Chemistry subject.

Chemistry Important Questions Class 11 are given below.

Multiple Choice Questions (Type-I)

  1. Arrange the following in decreasing order of their boiling points.
    (A) n–butane
    (B) 2–methylbutane
    (C) n-pentane
    (D) 2,2–dimethylpropane

    • (i) A > B > C > D
    • (ii) B > C > D > A
    • (iii) D > C > B > A
    • (iv) C > B > D > A
  2. Arrange the halogens F2, Cl2, Br2, I2, in order of their increasing reactivity with alkanes.
    • (i) I2 < Br2 < Cl2 < F2
    • (ii) Br2 < Cl2 < F2 < I2
    • (iii) F2 < Cl2 < Br2 < I2
    • (iv) Br2 < I2 < Cl2 < F2
  3. The increasing order of reduction of alkyl halides with zinc and dilute HCl is
    • (i) R–Cl < R–I < R–Br
    • (ii) R–Cl < R–Br < R–I
    • (iii) R–I < R–Br < R–Cl
    • (iv) R–Br < R–I < R–Cl
  4. The correct IUPAC name of the following alkane is

    • (i) 3,6 – Diethyl – 2 – methyloctane
    • (ii) 5 – Isopropyl – 3 – ethyloctane
    • (iii) 3 – Ethyl – 5 – isopropyloctane
    • (iv) 3 – Isopropyl – 6 – ethyloctane
  5. The addition of HBr to 1-butene gives a mixture of products A, B and C

    The mixture consists of

    • (i) A and B as major and C as minor products
    • (ii) B as major, A and C as minor products
    • (iii) B as minor, A and C as major products
    • (iv) A and B as minor and C as major products
  6. Which of the following will not show geometrical isomerism ?
  7. Arrange the following hydrogen halides in order of their decreasing reactivity with propene.
    • (i) HCl > HBr > HI
    • (ii) HBr > HI > HCl
    • (iii) HI > HBr > HCl
    • (iv) HCl > HI > HBr
  8. Arrange the following carbanions in order of their decreasing stability.

    • (i) A > B > C
    • (ii) B > A > C
    • (iii) C > B > A
    • (iv) C > A > B
  9. Arrange the following alkyl halides in decreasing order of the rate of β– elimination reaction with alcoholic KOH.

    • (i) A > B > C
    • (ii) C > B > A
    • (iii) B > C > A
    • (iv) A > C > B
  10. Which of the following reactions of methane is incomplete combustion:

Multiple Choice Questions (Type-II)

In the following questions two or more options may be correct.

  1. Some oxidation reactions of methane are given below. Which of them is/are controlled oxidation reactions?
  2. Which of the following alkenes on ozonolysis give a mixture of ketones only?
  3. Which are the correct IUPAC names of the following compound?

    • (i) 5– Butyl – 4– isopropyldecane
    • (ii) 5– Ethyl – 4– propyldecane
    • (iii) 5– sec-Butyl – 4– iso-propyldecane
    • (iv) 4–(1-methylethyl)– 5 – (1-methylpropyl)-decane
  4. Which are the correct IUPAC names of the following compound?

    • (i) 5 – (2′, 2′–Dimethylpropyl)-decane
    • (ii) 4 – Butyl – 2,2– dimethylnonane
    • (iii) 2,2– Dimethyl – 4– pentyloctane
    • (iv) 5 – neo Pentyl decane
  5. For an electrophilic substitution reaction, the presence of a halogen atom in the benzene ring _______.
    • (i) deactivates the ring by inductive effect
    • (ii) deactivates the ring by resonance
    • (iii) increases the charge density at ortho and para position relative to meta position by resonance
    • (iv) directs the incoming electrophile to meta position by increasing the charge density relative to ortho and para position.
  6. In an electrophilic substitution reaction of nitrobenzene, the presence of nitro group ________.
    • (i) deactivates the ring by inductive effect.
    • (ii) activates the ring by inductive effect.
    • (iii) decreases the charge density at ortho and para position of the ring relative to meta position by resonance.
    • (iv) increases the charge density at meta position relative to the ortho and para positions of the ring by resonance.
  7. Which of the following are correct?
  8. Four structures are given in options (i) to (iv). Examine them and select the aromatic structures.
  9. The molecules having dipole moment are __________.
    • (i) 2,2-Dimethylpropane
    • (ii) trans-Pent-2-ene
    • (iii) cis-Hex-3-ene
    • (iv) 2, 2, 3, 3 – Tetramethylbutane.

Short Answer Type Questions

  1. Why do alkenes prefer to undergo electrophilic addition reaction while arenes prefer electrophilic substitution reactions? Explain.
  2. Alkynes on reduction with sodium in liquid ammonia form trans alkenes. Will the butene thus formed on reduction of 2-butyne show the geometrical isomerism?
  3. Rotation around carbon-carbon single bond of ethane is not completely free. Justify the statement.
  4. Draw Newman and Sawhorse projections for the eclipsed and staggered conformations of ethane. Which of these conformations is more stable and why?
  5. The intermediate carbocation formed in the reactions of HI, HBr and HCl with propene is the same and the bond energy of HCl, HBr and HI is 430.5 kJ mol–1, 363.7 kJ mol–1 and 296.8 kJ mol–1 respectively. What will be the order of reactivity of these halogen acids?
  6. What will be the product obtained as a result of the following reaction and why?
  7. How will you convert benzene into
    • (i) p – nitrobromobenzene
    • (ii) m – nitrobromobenzene
  8. Arrange the following set of compounds in the order of their decreasing relative reactivity with an electrophile.Give reason.
  9. Despite their – I effect, halogens are o- and p-directing in haloarenes. Explain.
  10. Why does presence of a nitro group make the benzene ring less reactive in comparison to the unsubstituted benzene ring. Explain.
  11. Suggest a route for the preparation of nitrobenzene starting from acetylene?
  12. Predict the major product (s) of the following reactions and explain their formation.
  13. Nucleophiles and electrophiles are reaction intermediates having electron rich and electron deficient centres respectively. Hence, they tend to attack electron deficient and electron rich centres respectively. Classify the following species as electrophiles and nucleophiles.
  14. The relative reactivity of 1°, 2°, 3° hydrogen’s towards chlorination is 1 : 3.8 : 5. Calculate the percentages of all monochlorinated products obtained from 2-methylbutane.
  15. Write the structures and names of products obtained in the reactions of sodium with a mixture of 1-iodo-2-methylpropane and 2-iodopropane.
  16. Write hydrocarbon radicals that can be formed as intermediates during monochlorination of 2-methylpropane? Which of them is more stable? Give
    reasons.
  17. An alkane C8H18 is obtained as the only product on subjecting a primary alkyl halide to Wurtz reaction. On monobromination this alkane yields a single isomer of a tertiary bromide. Write the structure of alkane and the tertiary bromide.
  18. The ring systems having following characteristics are aromatic.
    • (i) Planar ring containing conjugated π bonds.
    • (ii) Complete delocalisation of the π−electrons in ring system i.e. each atom in the ring has unhybridized p-orbital, and
    • (iii) Presence of (4n+2) π−electrons in the ring where n is an integer (n = 0, 1, 2,………..) [Huckel rule].
      Using this information classify the following compounds as aromatic/nonaromatic.
  19. Which of the following compounds are aromatic according to Huckel’s rule?
  20. Suggest a route to prepare ethyl hydrogen sulphate (CH3–CH2–OSO2—OH) starting from ethanol (C2H5OH).

Matching Type Questions

  1. Match the reagent from Column I which on reaction with CH3—CH=CH2 gives some product given in Column II as per the codes given below :
  2. Match the hydrocarbons in Column I with the boiling points given in Column II.
  3. Match the following reactants in Column I with the corresponding reaction products in Column II.
  4. Match the reactions given in Column I with the reaction types in Column II.

Assertion and Reason Type Questions

In the following questions a statement of assertion (A) followed by a statement of reason (R) is given. Choose the correct option out of the choices given below each question.

  1. Assertion (A) : The compound cyclooctane has the following structural formula :

    It is cyclic and has conjugated 8π-electron system but it is not an aromatic compound.
    Reason (R) : (4n + 2) π electrons rule does not hold good and ring is not planar.

    • (i) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A.
    • (ii) Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.
    • (iii) Both A and R are not correct.
    • (iv) A is not correct but R is correct.
  2. Assertion (A) : Toluene on Friedel Crafts methylation gives o– and p–xylene.
    Reason (R) : CH3-group bonded to benzene ring increases electron density at o– and p– position.

    • (i) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A.
    • (ii) Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.
    • (iii) Both A and R are not correct.
    • (iv) A is not correct but R is correct.
  3. Assertion (A) : Nitration of benzene with nitric acid requires the use of concentrated sulphuric acid.
    Reason (R) : The mixture of concentrated sulphuric acid and concentrated nitric acid produces the electrophile, NO2+ .

    • (i) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A.
    • (ii) Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.
    • (iii) Both A and R are not correct.
    • (iv) A is not correct but R is correct.
  4. Assertion (A) : Among isomeric pentanes, 2, 2-dimethylpentane has highest boiling point.
    Reason (R) : Branching does not affect the boiling point.

    • (i) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A.
    • (ii) Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.
    • (iii) Both A and R are not correct.
    • (iv) A is not correct but R is correct.

Long Answer Type Questions

  1. An alkyl halide C5H11Br (A) reacts with ethanolic KOH to give an alkene ‘B’, which reacts with Br2 to give a compound ‘C’, which on dehydrobromination gives an alkyne ‘D’. On treatment with sodium metal in liquid ammonia one mole of ‘D’ gives one mole of the sodium salt of ‘D’ and half a mole of hydrogen gas. Complete hydrogenation of ‘D’ yields a straight chain alkane. Identify A,B, C and D. Give the reactions involved.
  2. 896 mL vapour of a hydrocarbon ‘A’ having carbon 87.80% and hydrogen 12.19% weighs 3.28g at STP. Hydrogenation of ‘A’ gives 2-methylpentane.
    Also ‘A’ on hydration in the presence of H2SO4 and HgSO4 gives a ketone ‘B’ having molecular formula C6H12O. The ketone ‘B’ gives a positive iodoform test. Find the structure of ‘A’ and give the reactions involved.
  3. An unsaturated hydrocarbon ‘A’ adds two molecules of H2 and on reductive ozonolysis gives butane-1,4-dial, ethanal and propanone. Give the structure of ‘A’, write its IUPAC name and explain the reactions involved.
  4. In the presence of peroxide addition of HBr to propene takes place according to anti Markovnikov’s rule but peroxide effect is not seen in the case of HCl and HI. Explain.

Answers to Multiple Choice Questions

MCQ (Type-I)
Q.No. Answer Q.No. Answer Q.No. Answer Q.No. Answer Q.No. Answer Q.No. Answer
1  (iv) 2  (i) 3  (ii) 4  (i) 5  (i) 6  (iv)
7  (iii) 8  (ii) 9  (iv) 10  (iii)
MCQ (Type-II)
Q.No. Answer Q.No. Answer Q.No. Answer
1  (iii), (iv) 2  (iii), (iv) 3  (iii), (iv)
4  (i), (iv) 5  (i), (iii) 6  (i), (iii)
7  (i), (iii) 8  (i), (iii) 9  (ii), (iii)

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