NCERT Solutions Class 11 History Chapter 4 Towards Modernisation – Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 11 History Chapter 4. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete chapter 4 titled Of Towards Modernisation taught in Class 11. If you are a student of Class 11 who is using NCERT Textbook to study History, then you must come across chapter 4 Towards Modernisation After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 11 History Chapter 4 Towards Modernisation in one place.
NCERT Solutions Class 11 History Chapter 4 Towards Modernisation
Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for History for Class 11 so that you can refer them as and when required. The NCERT Solutions to the questions after every unit of NCERT textbooks aimed at helping students solving difficult questions.
For a better understanding of this chapter, you should also see summary of Chapter 4 Towards Modernisation , History, Class 11.
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NCERT Solutions Class 11 History chapter 4 Towards Modernisation
Class 11, History chapter 4, Towards Modernisation solutions are given below in PDF format. You can view them online or download PDF file for future use.
Q.1: How did Britain’s involvement in wars from 1793 to 1815 affect British industries?
Ans : Britain was involved in wars with France during this i.e,1793 to 1815. The Britain's involvement in the war was greatly affected. Factories were shut down. Trade collapsed. That is why Britain was unable to get capital formation and reinvestment during war period.it had to use borrowed capital to fight rather than reinvestment. The prices of essential commodities were very high.so, this war affected British industries in many ways.
Q.2: What were the relative advantages of canal and railway transportation?
Ans : The relative advantages of canal and railway transportation: (i) It made the transportation easier and less costly. (ii) It made easier both internal and external trade. (iii) Rivers helped in transportation of bulky goods in interior parts of the country.
Q.3: What were the interesting features of the 'inventions' of this period?
Ans : Some of the interesting features of the invention made by 'invention' during this period were: (i) In 1709, Abraham darby first time made process of smelting by using coal. (ii) John key invented flying shuttle in 1733. The invention of flying shuttle speed up the production in textile industries. (iii) In 1856 the technique of making steel by purifying iron was invented by Henry Bessemer. (iv) Crompton invented Mule was a combination of both spinning jenny and water frame, which improved the quality of spinning. (v) Duke of bridgewater and James Brindley played a remarkable role in the construction of canals in England. It led to development of both rural and urban areas. (vi) George Stephenson invented railway steam-engine known as father of railway.
Q.4: Indicate how the supply of raw materials affected the nature of British industrialisation.
Ans : (i) The British got raw materials for the textile industries in India in form of cotton bales and began to export it for weaving clothes. It shifted the processing from homes to factories. (ii) Initially spinning consumes a lot of time, but with the invention of technical knowledge the production began to increases. It increased the demand for raw material. (iii) The political motives of imperialism. It further extended in the form of imperialism. It also led to the economic exploitation. (iv) It boosted the Britishers industrial methods to gain more and more raw material forms colonial Countries.
Q.5: How were the lives of different classes of British women affected by the Industrial Revolution?
Ans : Women were supposed to observe strict discipline. They were also punished for violation of any discipline. Women of all classes began to work in factories. It helped them to getting financial independence and self-esteem. But their wages were low as compared to men for same working hours. Industrialization was a blessing in disguise. A number of food items became cheap and available in abundance. It increased the social status of women in particular.
Q.6: Compare the effects of the coming of the railways in different countries in the world.
Ans : The coming of railways affected different countries across the world dramatically and boosted the process of industrialisation. Railways provide a lot of opportunities and also accelerated trade and commerce. Thus, it can be said that the coming of railways connected different countries of the world. Railways also helped in transportation of heavy goods easily at cheaper rates. It joined the different parts of countries and helped in picking of materials easily. The expansion of railways helped the imperialist countries a lot.
Q.1: Comment on any points of difference between the native peoples of South and North America.
Ans : Owing to topographical differences, South Americans were hunter gatherers, agriculturists and herders. They were simple people contended with their means. In North America, native people used to live in band in villages along the river valleys. They ate fish and meat and cultivated vegetables and maize. The natives of South America maintained empire, while the natives of North America did not maintain it.
Q.2: Other than the use of English, what other features of English economic and social life do you notice in nineteenth-century USA?
Ans : (i) The English brought land and clear large tracts of forest for the expansion of agriculture. (ii) The English used the land in a different ways as compared to the native of purchased land in USA, but their ancestors were incapable to inherit this property. (iii) They cheated the native by the taking their land and economically exploited them. (iv) They also signed contract with American to sell the land to them and paid American low prices of
Q.3: What did the frontier' mean to the Americans?
Ans : The conquest and purchase of land by the Americans resulted in the extension of boundaries. The natives of America were compelled to move accordingly. The boundary where natives reached was known as 'frontier'.
Q.4: Why was the history of the Australian native peoples left out of history books?
Ans : It was because the European Historian followed the policy of discrimination against the native peoples. They wrote book only in praise of their peoples instead of giving attention towards the natives Australian for their deeds.
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