(Three hours)

(Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper.

They must NOT start writing during this time.)


 Answer Question I (Compulsory)from Part I and five questions from Part H.

choosing two question from Section A, two questions from Section B

and one question from either Section A or Section B.

The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].


Answer all questions

 Question 1           [20]

  (i)  Name the two newspapers that Tilak edited in order to promote radical nationalism in India.

(ii)  Name one well-known revolutionary organisation established in Bengal and one in Maharashtra in the early years of the 20th century.

(iii) What was the main demand of the Shimla deputation? How was ~his demand fulfilled by the British government?

(iv) Why did Rabindranath Tagore give up his knighthood in i9197

 (v) Mention the two main principles of the Gandhian philosophy of Satyagraha.

(vi) What was the main provision of the Poona Pact?

(vii) Name the nationalist leader who played the most important role in propagating and popularizing socialist ideas in the 1930s in India.

(viii) Who was the founder of the Forward Bloc party in 19397

(ix) What was the significance of the Lahore Session of the Muslim League in 19407

(x) State any one reason for the Cabinet Mission’s rejection of the idea of a separate state of Pakistan.

(xi) Who introduced the ‘Battle of Wheat Campaign’? What was its primary objective? {xli) Why and by whom was the “Final solution” policy implemented?

(xiii) Why did Mussolini support General Franco during the Spanish Civil War?

(xiv) Name the two countries that originally signed the Anti-Comintern Pact (1936)

(xv) State any one reason for the US decision to use the atom bomb against Japan.

(xvi) Which major crisis in Europe led to the establishment of NATO?

(xvii) Why was the Berlin Wall erected by the Communists in 19617

(xviii) What is meant by the veto power of the Security Council?

(xix) Howdid the rise of Nazism in Germany impact the Palestinian conflict?

(xx) Why did Nasser nationalise the Suez Canal?



Question 2

(a) Briefly explain two political events in India and two at the international level that led to the rise of radical nationalism at the turn of the 20th century.   [4]

(b) Given an account of the Anti-Partition Movement and its subsequent development into the Swadeshi and Boycott Movement.     [8]

(c)  How did the differences in interpretation and application of Swadeshi and  Boycott, widen the rift between the Moderates and the Radical nationalists?    [4]

Question 3

The first World War le dto a maturing of Indian nationalism. In this context, answer the following:

(a) Why did the Indian nationalist leaders initially decide to support the British in their war effort and later launch the anti-British Home Rule League Movement?   [4]

(b) Name the two founders of the Home Rule League in India. What was the contribution of this League to the freedom movement?      [6]

(c)  Discuss the events that led to the Lucknow session of the Congress and the signing of  the Congress League Pact in-1916. Explain the significance of the Lucknow Pact.  [6]

Question 4

(a) Explain the circumstances that led to be the launching of the Non-Cooperation Movement  under Gandhiji’s leadership in 1920. Why was the Movement uspended?                                                                 [10]

(b) How did the Swaraj Party carry on the anti-British struggle after the suspension of the Non-Cooperation Movement?          [6]

Question 5

(a) Why was Lord Mountbatten sent to India? What were the main features of the Mountbatten Plan?    [10]

(b) Why did thy Congress agree to proposal for partition of the country’    [6]

Question 6

(a) Explain the contribution of Sardar Patel in the reorganisation and integration of the princely states with special reference to Hyderabad and Junagarh.                                                 [10]

(b) What is the full form of NAM? Explain the main principles of the Panchsheel which was adopted at the Bandung Conference?


Question 7

(a) Explain how Mussolini came to power in Italy in 1922 with reference to:                                                                        [6]

(i) The march on Rome (Oct. 1922).

(ii) The role of the Italian king, Victor Emmanuel III.                                                                                                   [10]

(b) Discuss any five important features of the Italian fascist State under Mussolini.

Question 8

(a) State the main aims of Hitler’s foreign policy  [6]

(b) Discuss the various successful events of Hitler’s foreign policy between 1933 and 1938.  [8]

Question 9

(a) Explain how the following events led to the collapse of International order in 1930’s:                                                    [6]

(i) The Japanese conquest of Manchuria.
(ii) The Italian conquest of Abyssinia.                                                                                                                           [6]

(b) Why did Britain and France choose to follow the Appeasement Policy that hastened the outbreak of the Second World War?    [4]

Question 10

The period after the Second World War was marked by tension and cooperation. In this context, discuss the following:      [6]

(a)     The Berlin Blockade.

(b) The Cuban Missile Crisis.                                                     [6]

(c) The role of the UN in the Korean War.

Question 11

(a) Give a brief account of the conflict in Palestine after the First World War and explain how it led to the outbreak of the Arab-Israel War in 1948.                   [6]

(b) Discuss the causes and results of the Yom Kippur War (1973).          [6]

(c)Why did the Egyptians and Israelis agree to start negotiations in 1978 to resolve their differences? Who acted as the mediator?          [4]

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