UNIT- 1

ECONOMIC GROWTH AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Meaning of Growth and Development – Determinents of Economic Development – Characteristics of Developed Economics and Developing economics with special reference to India – Characteristic features of Andhra Pradesh Economy.

UNIT – 2

NEW ECONOMIC REFORMS

Role of International Trade and Economic Development – Liberalisation, Privatization and Globalisation – General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) – Objectives of GATT and Evaluation of WTO – WTO and the Indian Economy.

UNIT – 3

PUPULATION AND HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT

Theory of Demographic Transition – Population World – India and Andhra Pradesh – Birth and Death rates in India and Andhra Pradesh – Occupational distribution of Population of India and Andhra Pradesh – Meaning of Human Resource Development – Role of Education and Health in Economic Development – Human Development Index (HDI).

UNIT – 4

NATIONAL INCOME

Trends in National Income in India – Sectoral Contribution to National Income – Share of Public and Private Sectors in GDP – Inequalities in the distribution of Incomes and wealth – Unemployment – Causes – Remedial measures – Different concepts of Poverty line – Cause – Remedial measures – Role of Micro Finance in alleviation of Poverty.

UNIT – 5

AGRICULTURAL SECTOR

Importance of Agriculture in Indian Economy Causes for low productivity in agriculture – Measures to increase agricultural productivity in India – Land Reforms in India and Andhra Pradesh – Green Revolution – Impact on Indian Economy – Rural indebtedness – Role of NABARD in Rural Credit – Problems of Agricultural marketing in India.

UNIT – 6

INDUSTRIAL SECTOR

Role of industry in Indian Economy – Industrial development in Andhra Pradesh – Causes for industrial backwardness – Industrial Policy Resolutions 1948, 1956 and 1991 – Role of Small Scale Industries in Indian Economy – Problems of Small Scale Industries – Short – term and Long – term Industrial Finance.
UNIT – 7

TERITIARY SECTOR

Importance of Teritiary Sector in India – Infrastructure Development – Transport – Road – Ways, Railways, Water Transport and Civil aviation – Banking and Insurance – Communication – Science and Technology – Software industry – India and Andhra Pradesh.

UNIT – 8

PLANNING

Objectives of Planning – Review of Five Year Plans – Objectives of 11th Five Year Plan – Causes for Regional imbalances – Regional imbalances in Andhra Pradesh – Measures to achieve Balances Regional Development.

UNIT – 9

ENVIRONMENT AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Importance of Environment in Economic Development – Concepts of Environment – Eco – Systems – Pollutions – Degradation – Natural Resources – Need for Environmental Protection and Sustainability.

UNIT – 10

ECONOMY OF ANDHRA PRADESH : A BIRD’S EYE VIEW

State GDP – Per Capita Income – Agriculture – Industry – Teritiary Sector – Population – Education – Health and Environment – Irrigation – Power – Roads and Transport – Information Technology – Rural and Urban Housing – Welfare Programmes.

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