Biology Question Bank for Entrance Exams

For AIPMT Main other Medical Entrance Exam Prepration, Question Bank for Biology Animal Tissue is given below.

Tissue is the group of cells having similar structure & function. Animals contain 4 basic types of tissues which are :- epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscular tissue and nervous tissue. Epithelial tissue can be derived from any of the three germinal layers. Epithelial tissues are of different types such as : Squamous, cuboidal, columnar, ciliated, pseudo-stratified, stratified, and transitional. Functions of epithelial tissue : Protection, secretion & absroption. There are 3 types of connective tissues which are differentiated on the basis of extracellular material. Secreted by cells themselves.

(a) Connective tissue proper- (soft jelly like matrix with fibres) – are of five types : areolar, adipose, white fibrous, tendon and legament.

(b) Skeletal tissue (Supportive connective tissue) includes cartilage and bones which form the endoskeleton of the vertebrate body. The Cartilages are classified in to four group : Hyaline, white fibrous, yellow elastic fibro cartilage and calicified cartilage.

(c) Blood (fluid connective tissue) is a fibre-free fluid extra cellular matrix. It is a mobile connective tissue (Vascular/Fluid tissue). It is composed of plasma, blood cells and blood platlets. It is a opaque trubid fluid.

Blood cells are erythrocytes and Leucocytes. There are five types of leucocytes : neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, monocytes and lymphocytes. WBCs are colourless, nucleated found in blood (and lymph). Which are devoid of haemoglobin. They are capable of coming out of blood capillaries through the process of diapendesis. (i. e. Greek Word – diapendesis – leaping through)

(d) Mascular tissue (mostly mesodermal origin) is made up of elongated and contractive cells : called muscles cells or myocytes. There are three types of Muscular tissue : Skeletal muscle (striated), non striated and cardiac,

  •  Myoglobin – Muscle haemoglobin
  •  Myoblasts – Muscle forming cells.
  •   Myology : study of all aspects of muscles & accessory structures .


(e) The nervous tissue it is composed of two types of cells –

(a) neurons : (Nerve cells) are structural & functional unit, they transmit nerve impulses,

(b) neuroglia. Neuron has one or more processes extending from it .

(i) Axon – carries impulses away from the cell body.

(ii) dendrites (G.K. dendron tree) take nerve impulse to the cell body. On the basis of number of processes, neurons are : unipolar, bipolar & multipolar. The nerve fibres may be surrounded by two concentric sheath. The inner is known as medullary or myelin sheath.

Myelin is secreted by schwann cells in peripheral nerve fibes and oligodendrocytes in central Nervons system.

Schwann cells form the outer sheath called neurilema (GK. neuron- nerve, lemna-skin). There is a physical gap between the nerve ending of axon and dendrites called synapse.

For the given options select the correct options (a, b, c, d) each carries one mark.

1. Which of the following structure are made of several layer’s of cells :-

(A) Ciliated epithelium (B) Stratified epithelium

(C) Cuboidal epithelium (D) Columnar epithelium

2. Which simple epithelium tissue cells are square in vertical sections and Polygonal in horizontal section

(A) Columnar epithelium (B) Squamous epithelium

(C) Cuboidal epithelium (D) Ciliated epithelium

3. Which of the following structure is not covered by epithelial tissue :-

(A) Blood vessels (B) Digestive gland

(C) Skin (D) Cartilage

4. Which type of epithelium is present in the inner lining of large bronchi :-

(A) Squamous epithelium (B) Pseudo – stratified epithelium

(C) Cuboidal epithelium (D) Columnar epithelium

5. Which of the following is arranged in a single layer :-

(A) Stratified epithelium (B) Pseudo-stratified epithelium

(C) Ciliated epithelium (D) Transitional epithelium

6. Which tissue is located in uterine tube and proximal tube of kidneys respectively :-

(A) Columnar epithelium, Cuboidal epithelium (B) Ciliated epithelium, columnar epithelium

(C) Ciliated epithelium, Cuboidal epithelium (D) Cuboidal epithelium, ciliated epithelium

7. Which of the following is a function of cuboidal epithelium :-

(A) Participate in secretion and excretion (B) Helps to remove mucus from trachea

(C) To move mucus in a specific direction (D) Protect inner tissue cells

8. Name the structure arranged on basement membrane in compound epithelium :-

(A) Malpighian Corpuscle (B) Malpighian tubule

(C) Germinative layer (D) Malpighian body

9. Which tissue occurs with in the passages of the excretory organs :-

(A) Ciliated Stratified epithelium (B) Squamous Stratified epithelium

(C) Transitional epithelium (D) Cuboidal Stratified epithelium

10. When the surface cells of stratified epithelium contain insoluble protein (Keratin) the tissue is called :-

(A) Stratified Squamous Keratinised (B) Stratified Ciliated Keratinised

(C) Stratified Cuboidal Keratinised (D) Stratified Columnar Keratinised

11. Name of a structure formed of collagen protien :-

(A) Yellow elastic (B) White fibres (C) Yellow fibre (D) White fibrous

12. Which cells of areolar tissue are able to move and ingest foreign particles

(A) Fibroblast (B) Mast cells (C) Histocytes (D) All above

13. Which of the following is not a component of connective tissue proper .

(A) Adipose tissue (B) Tendon (C) Cartilage (D) Ligament

14. Which of the following is not a component of Skeletal connective tissue :-

(A) Compact bone (B) White-fibro cartilage

(C) Calcified cartilage (D) Areolar tissue

15. What is Synthesized by fibroblast

(A) Collagen (B) Elastin (C) (A) and (B) (D) (A) or (B)

16. Which connective tissue proper is made up of two types of fibre and cells :-

(A) Tendon (B) White fibrous tissue

(C) Ligament (D) Areolar tissue

17. Which of the following tissue in normally found in tendon .

(A) Hyaline cartiage (B) White fibrous tissue

(C) Ligament (D) Areolar tissue

18. It connects the bones joints and holds them in position :-

(A) Tendon (B) While elastic cartilage

(C) Ligament (D) (B) and (C) both

19. Give examples of elastic bond

(A) Tendon (B) Cartilage

(C) Ligament (D) (B) and (C) both

20. Which of the following structure present in abundance in subcutaneous tissue :-

(A) Yellow elastic tissue (B) Adipose tissue

(C) White fibrous tissue (D) Tendon

21. It is composed of bundles of collagen fibers :-

(A) Tendon (B) White-fibro cartilage

(C) Hyaline cartilage (D) White fibrous tissue

22. Who synthesized elastin protein

(A) Fibroblasts (B) Adipose cell (C) Phagocytic cell (D) Mast cells

23. Which of the following structure is seen in the joints between skull bones :-

(A) Yellow elastic tissue (B) Cellular Cartilage

(C) White Fibrous tissue (D) Tendon

24. Which Structure is able to move in areolar tissue

(A) Adipose cell (B) Phagocytic cell (C) Fibroblasts (D) Mast cell

25. Name the connective tissue present in larynx

(A) White fibrous cartilage (B) Hyaline cartilage

(C) Areolar tissue (D) Yellow elastic cartilage

26. Which connective tissue is found in epiglottis :-

(A) Yellow elastic cartilage (B) Calcified cartilage

(C) Areolar tissue (D) White fibrous tissue

27. A Structure having blood vessels in hyaline cartilage is :-

(A) Matrix (B) Perichondrium (C) Lacunae (D) Chondroblasts

28. In which of the following yellow elastic cartilage is observed :-

(A) Tip of nose (B) Ear pinna

(C) Epiglottis (D) all above

29. Which of the following characteristics observed in yellow elastic cartilage :

(A) It has elastin

(B) Its matrix is homogeneous and translucent

(C) A few flat and elongated fibroblast cells lay between the fibre bundles.

(D) Cell are ovoid in shape and are surrounded by matrix.

30. Matrix of bone is composed of protein called

(A) Myosin (B) Ossein (C) Elastin (D) Actin

31. In the centre of bone there is a narrow cavity it contains a tissue which :-

(A) is composed of adipose (B) is yellow in colour

(C) Possess blood vessels (D) all above

32. Which of the following structure is not included in blood cells

(A) Fibrinogen (B) Lymphocytes (C) Basophils (D) Erythrocytes

33. Which is metabolic waste product of blood :-

(A) Fibrinogen (B) carbon dioxide (C) Lysine (D) Immunoglobulin

34. What is the number of RBCs per cubic mililiter blood of adult made under normal condition .

(A) 41,00,000 to 60,00,000 (B) 7.5  3.5 x 103

(C) 39 to 55 x 1010 (D) 39,00,000 to 55,00,000

35. Which structure of blood is nucleated?

(A) Erythrocytes (B) Leucocytes (C) Bloood platlets (D) Above all

36. Nucleus of which leucocytes have many lobe :-

(A) Eosinophils (B) Neutrophils (C) Basophils (D) Monocytes

37. The darker bands in muscle fibre is called

(A) H – bands (B) A – bands (C) Z – bands (D) I – bands

38. Which muscle tissue is mononucleate having granular sarcoplasm around its nucleus :-

(A) Smooth muscle (B) Voluntary muscle tissue

(C) Cardiac muscle (D) Skeletal muscle tissue

39. The lighter bands in muscles fiber is called :-

(A) I – bands (B) H – bands (C) Z – bands (D) A – bands

40. A structure formed by enveloped of schwann’s cells

(A) Nodes of Ranvier (B) Neurilemma (C) Myelin Sheath (D) (A) and (C) both

41. Cell body of which neuron giving rise to both dendrite and axonal branches.

(A) Unipolar neuron (B) Multipolar neuron (C) Bipolar neuron (D) All the above

42. Which structure is indicated by each myelinated nerve fibre.

(A) Neurilemma (B) Constritions at regular intervals called nodes of ranvier

(C) Neurotransmitters (D) Synapes

Directions : In the following questions there are two statements; Assertion (A) and Reason (R):

(A) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation ofA.

(B) Both A and R are true but R is not correct explanation of A.

(C) A is true and R is wrong.

(D) A is wrong and R is true.

43. A : Squamous epithelium protect the under lying tissue.

R : Outer most layer of skin of frog made up of squamous epithelium.

(A) (B) (C) (D)

44. A : Thickness of skin layer is maintained.

R : In compound epithelium, layer rested on basement membrane shows power of cell division.

(A) (B) (C) (D)

45. A : Mast cells are found in areolar tissue.

R : Mast cells produces heparin, histamine etc.

(A) (B) (C) (D)

46. A : Cartilage bond connects the joints.

R : Matrix of cartilage is dense.

(A) (B) (C) (D)

47. A : Yellow elastin cartilage has elastin.

R : Whie fibrous cartilage has bundles of collagen, fibres

(A) (B) (C) (D)

48. A : Blood has properties of clotting

R : Blood has plasma protein fibrinogen.

(A) (B) (C) (D)

49. A : Muscle fibre of skeletal muscle is multi nucleate.

R : In each animals muscle fibres are attached to bones by tendons.

(A) (B) (C) (D)

50. A : Thick and thin filaments overlap for some distance within the ‘A’ band

R : Thin Filaments slides over thick filaments

(A) (B) (C) (D)

51. Which pair of structures distinguishes a nerve cell from other cells.

(A) Vacuole and fibres (B) Nucleus and mitochondria

(C) Perikaryon and dendrites (D) Flagellum and medullary sheath

52. Transitional epithelium occurs in : (MHTCET 2008)

(A) Blood vessels (B) Trachea

(C) Kidney (D) Ureter/urinary bladder

53. The study of tissues is knows as : (MPPMT 2010)

(A) Physiology (B) Ecology (C) Histology (D) Anatomy

54. Find out the wrong match : (Kerala 2010)

(A) Eosinophils Allergic response

(B) Basophils Secrete histamine and serotonin

(C) Monocytes Secrete heparin

(D) Lymphocytes Immune response

55. The outer covering of cartilage is called. (WB 2010)

(A) Peritoneum (B) Periosteum (C) Endosteum (D) Perichondrium

56. Skin is : (CPMT 2010)

(A) Cubiodal epithelium

(B) Stratified epithelium

(C) Coloumnar epithelium

(D) Pseudostratified epithelumn

57. Match the animals listed in column-I to blood listed in column-II. (KCET 2010)

Column-I Column-II

(P) Man (i) Plasma and cells are colourless

(Q) Earth worm (ii) Plasma colourless and nucleated RBC

(R) Cockroach (iii) Plasma colourless and enucleated RBC

(S) Frog (iv) Plasma red and nucleated colourless RBC

(v) Plasma and RBS have haemoglobin

(A) (P-iii), (Q-iv), (R-i), (S-ii) (B) (P-iv), (Q-v), (R-iii), (S-ii)

(C) (P-i), (Q-iv), (R-ii), (S-iii) (D) (P-v), (Q-iii), (R-i), (S-iv)

58. Matrix of bone and cartilage can be distinguished by the presence of : (Orrisa 2010)

(A) Lacuma (B) Chromatophares (C) Haversian canals (D) Adipose cells

59. Which type of tissue forms glands : (MPPMT 2010)

(A) Epithelial (B) Muscular (C) Nervous (D) Connective

60. Which of the following blood cells help in blood coagulation. (Orrisa 2010)

(A) RBCs (B) Lymphocytes (C) Thrombocytes (D) Basophils

61. Fibroblasts macrophages and mast cells are present in : (Kerala 2010)

(A) Cartilage tissue (B) Areolar tissue

(C) Adipose tissue (D) Glandular epithelium

62. Which type of epithelium is involved in a function to move particles or mucus in specific direction : (HPPMT 2010)

(A) Squamous epithelium (B) Cuboidal epithelium(C) Columnar epithelium(D) Ciliatal epithelium

63. Which of these is not found in connective tissue : (MPPMT 2010)

(A) Collagen fibres (B) Basement membrane(C) Hyaluronic acid (D) Fluid

64. Multi-lobed nucleus and granular cytoplasm are characteristics of which of the WBCs : (Orissa 2010)

(A) Neutrophils (B) Monocytes (C) Lymphocytes (D) Eosinophils

65. Which one of the following plasma proteins is involved in the coagulation of blood. (CBSE 2011)

(A) globulin (B) Fibrinogen (C) albumin (D) Serum amylase

66. Which of the following is not a connecting tissue. (CPMT 2010)

(A) Blood (B) bone (C) Lymph (D) Nerve

67. The ciliated columnar epithelial cells in humans are knows to occur in. (CBSE 2011)

(A) Bile duct and oesophagus

(B) Fallopian tubes and urethra

(C) Eustachian tube and stomach lining

(D) Bronchioles and fallopian tubes

68. Which of the following is correct for (1), (2), (3) lebelled in the given diagram ?

AIPMT Question Bank Biology - Animal Tissue

(A) (1) Nucleus, (2) Basment membrane, (3) Free polygonal surface

(B) (1) Free polygonal surface, (2) Basement membranme, (3) Nucleus

(C) (1) Nucleus, (2) Free polygonal surface, (3) Basement membrane

(D) (1) Basement membrane, (2) Nucleus, (3) Free polygonal surface

69. Which of the following is correct for (1), (2), (3) and (4) in the given diagram ?

AIPMT Question Bank Biology - Animal Tissue

(A) (1) Matrix (2) Chondrocyte (3) Lacunae (4) Collagen fibre

(B) (1) Lacunae (2) Matrix (3) Collagen fibre (4) Chondrocyte

(C) (1) Chondrocyte (2) Matrix (3) Collagen fibre (4) Lacunae

(D) (1) Collangen fibre (2) Lacunae (3) Chondrocyte (4) Matrix

70. Which of the following is correct for (1), (2) and (3) in the given diagram ?

AIPMT Question Bank Biology - Animal Tissue

(A) (1) Lecunae (2) Chondrin Matrix (3) Chondrocytes

(B) (1) Chondrocytes (2) Lecunae (3) Chondrin Matrix

(C) (1) Chondrocytes (2) Lecunae (3) Chondrin Matrix

(D) (1) Chondrin matrix (2) Chondrocytes (3) Lecunae

71. Which of the following is correct for (1), (2), (3) in the given diagram ?

AIPMT Question Bank Biology - Animal Tissue

(A) (1) Sarcoplasm (2) Sarcolema (3) Nucleus

(B) (1) Nucleus (2) Sarcoplasma (3) Sarcolema

(C) (1) Sarcolema (2) Nucleus (3) Sacroplasm

(D) (1) Sarcoplasm (2) Sarcolema (3) Nucleus

72. In the following diagram the thin filament is made up of.

AIPMT Question Bank Biology - Animal Tissue

73. Which of the following is correct for (1), (2), (3) in the given diagram ?

AIPMT Question Bank Biology - Animal Tissue

(A) (1) Basal granule (2) Supporting cells (3) Mucus secreting cells

(B) (1) Supporting cells (2) Mucus secreting cell (3) Basal granule

(C) (1) Supporting cells (2) Basal granule (3) Mucus secreting cell

(D) (1) Mucus secreting cell (2) Supporting cells (3) Basal granule

74. Write location of the following diagram.

AIPMT Question Bank Biology - Animal Tissue

(A) Gall blader (B) Lungs (C) Thyroid gland (D) Uterine tube

75. In the diagram of the section of bone tissue given below, certain parts have been indicated by alphabets, choose the answer in which these alphabets have been correctly matched with the parts which they indicate.

AIPMT Question Bank Biology - Animal Tissue

(A) A = Interstitial lamellae, B = Laemaellae with osteocytes, C = Blood vessels, D = Nerve, E = Canaliculi, F = Naversian canal, G = Lamellae

(B) A = Interstitial lamellae, B = Haversian system, C = Concentric lamellae, D = Cacune with bone cells, E = Matrix, F = Haversian canal, G = Canaliculi

(C) A = Interstitial lamellae, B = Osteocytes, C = Nerve, D = Blood vessels, E = Canaliculi, F = Haversian system, G = Lamellae

(D) A = Interstitial lamellae, B = Osteocytes, C = Nerve, D = Blood vessles, E = Lamellae, F = Haversian canal, G = Canaliculi

76. Which of the following is correct for (1), (2), (3) in the given diagram ?

(A) (1) Nucleus (2) Bands (dics) (3) Intercalated disc

(B) (1) Bands (disc) (2) Nucleus (3) Intercalated disc

AIPMT Question Bank Biology - Animal Tissue

(C) (1) Nucleus (2) Intercalated disc (3) Bands (discs)

(D) (1) Intercalated disc (2) Bands (discs) (3) Nucleus

77. Which of the following is correct for (1), (2) and (3) in the given diagram ?

AIPMT Question Bank Biology - Animal Tissue

(A) (1) Neuroaxon (2) Myelin sheath (3) Dendron

(B) (1) Myelin sheath (2) Neuroaxon (3) Dendron

(C) (1) Dendron (2) Neuroaxon (3) Myelin sheath

(D) (1) Myelin sheath (2) Dendron (3) Neuroaxon

78. Which of the following is correct for (1), (2) and (3) in the given diagram ?

AIPMT Question Bank Biology - Animal Tissue

(A) (1) Elastic fibre (2) Lecunae (3) Matrix (4) Chondrocytes

(B) (1) Matrix (2) Chondrocytes (3) Lecunae (4) Elastic fibre

(C) (1) Chondrocytes (2) Matrix (3) Elastic fibre (4) Lecunae

(D) (1) Lecunae (2) Elastic fibre (3) Matrix (4) Chondrocytes

79. Which tissue indicated by given diagram ?

(A) Calcified cartilage (B) Hyaline cartilage

(C) White fibre cartilage (D) Yellow elastic cartilage

AIPMT Question Bank Biology - Animal Tissue

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