Biology Question Bank for Entrance Exams

For AIPMT Main other Medical Entrance Exam Prepration, Question Bank for Biology Locomotion and Movement is given below.
IMPORTANT POINTS

  • Movement is one of the significant features of all living organism. Movement of flagella, cilia and tentacles are shown by many living animals. Human beings can move jaws, eyelids, tongue, limbs etc.
  • Some of the movement bringing change of place or position such voluntary movements are i called locomotion. Running, walking, flying, swimming, climbing are the examples of it.
  • Three type of locomotion : amoeboid, ciliary and muscular. Organisms locomote commonly for shelter, search of food, escape from enemies or predators, mute, suitables breeding grounds or favorable climate conditions.
  • Muscles are mesoderm origin. Three types of it : (1) Striated muscles tissue (2) Non-striated muscles tissue 3. Cardiac muscles tissue.
  • In the structure of striated muscles dark band and light band is found. It function under the voluntarycontrol of the nervous system. In the non-striated muscles there are no transverse stripes. They functioning under autonomic nervous system. Cardiac muscles having intercalated; disc. It contraction is rhythmically and controling and blood supply is abundant.
  • In striated muscle tissue A, I, H, Z bands are found. A-band made up by myosin and I-band by action. The distance between two successive Z-band is called sarcomere. It is the functional unit of striated muscle.
  • The hard, supportive system used to protect soft organ of body, The study of skelelon is calledosteology. The important role of skeletal system is for locomotion & movement of body parts. The structure of skeleton system consists of bones and cartilage type connective tissue.
  • In human skeleton system made up by 206 bones and a few cartilage. It is divided into main two parts (1) Axial skeletal system (2) Appendicular skeleton system.
  • Axial skeleton constitute the skull, vertebral column, sternum and ribs. It is located in longitudinalaxis of body and made up by 80 bones.
  • The bones of the limbs along with their girdles constitute the appendicular skeleton. In the appendicular skeleton fore limb bones and hind limb bones are included. Each limbs made up by 30 bones. In girdles; pectoral girdle and pelvic girdle are included.
  • The structural arrengement of tissues which connects two or more bones together at their place of meeting is termed as joint. Joints are essential for all types of movements involving the bony part ofbody.
  • Joints classified into three types : (1) Immovable or fibrous joints. (2). Cartilagenous joint and(3) Freely movable joints.Disorders Related to Bones :
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis : A probility exists of arthritis in synovial joints. In this disease, the synovialmembrane becomes inflammed. It becomes thick. Degradatory changes occur and joint becomes almost immobile. It becomes very painful when movement occur. There is evidence that the autoimmune reaction is responsible for this.
  • Osteoarthritis : Osteoarthritis occurs in aged persons. In this disease, the cartilage on the headof the head of the bones become degraded. As this occurs, the ends of two bones which are near each other become rough and deshaped. Osteoarthritis occurs in such joints which are used most often. which is more common in hands, knee and vertebral column.
  • Gouty Arthritis : Gouty arthritis occurs due to excessive, accumulation of uric acid in joints. The amount of uric acid increases due to irregularities of metabolism. It accumulates in joints and combines with the sodium salts. Their crystals become collected in joints and induce inflammation. Pain results. Probabiity of joint becoming immobile.
  • Osteoporosis : This a disease of increasing porosity of bones with increasing age. This disease is an outcome of imbalance between activities of osteoblasts (bone forming cells) and osteoclasts (bone destroying cells.) Disorders Related to Muscles :
  • Myasthenia Gravis : It is an auto immune disorder that effects neuromuscula junction leading to fatigue, weakening and paralysis of skeletal muscle.
  • Tetuny : It is a muscular disorder in which rapid spasms in muscle occur due to lessea ca+2 in the body fluid.

For the given options select the correct options (a, b, c, d) each carries one mark.

1. What is important character of all living organism ?

(a) Movement (b) Locomotion (c) Reproduction (d) All a, b, c.

2. Which is not a example of movement in human ?

(a) Movement of jaws (b) Movement of eyelash and tongue

(c) Movement of appendices (d) Hearing process

3. By which Amoeba, Paramoecium and Hydra respectively indicate movement ?

(a) Pseudopodia, cilia, tentacles (b) Cilia, flagella, tentacles

(c) Tentacles, Cilia, Pseudopodia (d) Cilia,Tentacles, Pseudopodia

4. Which are the example of autonomous movement in organism ?

(a) Running, Walking (b) Flying, Swimming (c) Gliding, Sliding (d) All a, b, c.

5. By which process performs plant movement its parts ?

(a) Photropism (b) Geotropsim (c) Chemotropism (d) All a, b, c.

6. What are the main aims of locomotion in animal ?

(a) For shelter, search of food (b) For the escape of enemy, for predation

(c) To get a place for reproduction (d) All a, b, c.

7. What is not included in the type of the movement in organisms ?

(a) Amoeboid movement (b) Ciliary movement

(c) Muscular movement (d) joining process

8. Who shows amoeboid movement ?

(a) Amoeba (b) Leucocytes (c) Macrophage (d) All a, b, c.

9. In which of the following cilliary movment can be seen ?

(a) In trachea (b) In oviduct (c) In vasa efferentia (d) All a, b, c.

10. From which germinal layer muscle tissue origins ?

(a) Ectoderm (b) Mesoderm (c) Endoderm (d) All a, b, c.

11. What percent of the total body weight of an adult humans is made up of muscle ?

(a) 40 – 50 % (b) 30 – 40 % (c) 60 – 70 % (d) 45 – 55 %

12. Which are characteristic properties of muscles ?

(a) Electricity, excitability (b) Contractility

(c) Extensibility, elasticity (d) All a, b, c.

13. How many type of muscles in living organisms

(a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4

14. Which types of muscles are present in organisms ?

(a) Striated muscle (b) Visceral muscle (c) Cardiac muscle (d) All a, b, c.

15. Which muscle is controlled by autonomous nervous system ?

(a) Striated muscle (b) Visceral muscle (c) Cardiac muscle (d) All a, b, c.

16. Which muscle is controlled by sympathetic nervous system ?

(a) Striated muscle (b) Cardiac muscle (c) Non Striated muscle (d) All a, b, c.

17. Which muscle is present in digestive track, reproductive track and respiratory track ?

(a) Visceral muscle (b) Non Striated muscle (c) Voluntary muscle (d)All a, b, c.

18. Which band is present in Cardiac muscle ?

(a) Intercalated disc (b) A- band (c) I-band (d) All a, b, c.

19. Which muscle does not fatigue and possesses abundant blood supply during life span ?

(a) Striated muscle (b) Non Striated muscle

(c) Skeleton muscle (d) a and b both

20. Which muscle possesses multinucleate structure (Syncytium) ?

(a) Striated muscle (b) Skeleton muscle

(c) Non Striated muscle (d) a and b both

21. By which name’s isotropic and anisotropic band respectively known ?

(a) I – band, A – band (b) I – band, Intercalated-dise

(c) A – band, Z – band (d) H – band, Z – band

22. Which line is located in the center of H region ?

(a) Krause membrane (b) M- line (c) Z – band (d) Hensen’s line

23. The space between two successive Z-band is known as…..

(a) A – band (b) I – band (c) Krause membrane (d) Sarcomere

24. Which band is called krause membrane ?

(a) A (b) Z (c) I (d) H

25. The functional unit of skeleton muscle is called as……

(a) Myofibrils (b) Sarcomere (c) Hensen’s line (d) Krause membrane

26. What is the name of rod shaped fibrous protein ?

(a) Troponin (b) Actin (c) Tropomyosin (d) Meromyosin

27. Which are two forms of actin fiber ?

(a) Monomer-G- protein(b) Polymeric H- actin (c) Polymeric F-actin (d) a and c both

28. What the is name of complex, small globular protein ?

(a) Troponin (b) Tropomyosin (c) Actin (d) Meromyosin

29. Which is the essential mineral element for muscle contraction ?

(a) Ca++ (b) Mg++ (c) K+ (d) Na+

30. Which is essetial for transmission of messages ?

(a) Adrenalin (b) Acetylcholine (c) Norqdrenalin (d) Vasopressin

31. Which chemical is envolved duribg anaerobic respiration of glycogen of muscle ?

(a) Ethy alcohol (b) Lactic acid (c) Co2 (d) a and c both

32. Which chemical is responsible to make skeleton muscle fatigue ?

(a) Lactic acid (b) Pyruvic acid (c) Ethyl alcohol (d) Acetaldehyde

33. Which is/are the type of skeleton muscle ?

(a) Red muscle (b) White muscle (c) Non-striated muscle (d) a and b both

34. In which muscle amount of myoglobin is high ?

(a) Red muscle (b) White muscle (c) Non-striated muscle (d) a and b both

35. Which muscle is known as an aerobic muscle ?

(a) Red muscle (b) White muscle (c) Non-striated muscle (d) a and b both

36. The study of skeleton system is called as……

(a) Myology (b) Cardiology (c) Osteology (d) Histology

37. By which tissue skeleton system is made up of ?

(a) Epithelial tissue (b) Connective tissue (c) Nervous tissue (d) Muscle tissue

38. How many bones are present in the struture of skeleton system of human ?

(a) 206 (b) 210 (c)308 (d) 146

39. What is included in axial skeleton ?

(a) Skull and vertebral column (b) Ribs

(c) Sternum (d) a and b both

40. What is included in the structure of skull ?

(a) Bones of cranium (b) Bones of face (c) Sternum (d) a and b both

41. How many bones, the skull is made of ?

(a) 23 (b) 22 (c) 21 (d) 20

42. How many flat bones are present in a cranium ?

(a) 6 (b) 8 (c) 10 (d) 12

43. Who makes the floor of the buccal cavity ?

(a) Hyoid bone (b)Vomer (c) Mandible (d) Frontal

44. How many bone are present in each middle ear of human ?

(a) 3 (b) 4 (c) 6 (d) 8

45. How many vertebrae are present in the structure of vertebral column of human ?

(a) 26 (b) 33 (c) 38 (d) 29

46. Where cervical vertebrae are found ?

(a) Thorax region (b) Lumbar region (c) Throat (d) Tail

47. What is the formula of human vertebrae ?

(a) C7T12L5S5C4 (b) C2T10L4S5C4

(c) C7T12L4S4C5 (d) C6T11L7S5C4

48. Which flat bone is present in the middle line of thorax region of human ?

(a) Sternum (b) Collar (c) Vertebral column (d) Femur

49. How many pairs of ribs are found in human ?

(a) 12 (b) 14 (c) 18 (d) 24

50. How many true pairs of ribs are found in human ?

(a) 7 (b) 6 (c) 8 (d) 10

51. How many False pairs of ribs are found in human ?

(a) 2 (b) 7 (c) 8 (d) 9

52. Which are floating rib in human ?

(a) ll th and 12th (b) 9th and 10th (c) 7th and 8th (d) 5th and 7th

53. What is the number of thoracic vertebrae in human ?

(a) 12 (b) 5 (c) 7 (d) 8

54. What is the number of bones present in each leg of human ?

(a) 30 (b) 35 (c) 25 (d) 40

55. What is the formulae of phalanges of hand and leg of human ?

(a) 2,3,3,3,3 (b) 0,2,2,3,3 (c) 2,2,3,3,3 (d) 0,2,3,3,3

56. What are the number of tarsal and metatarsal respectively in each limb of human ?

(a) 5, 7 (b) 7, 5 (c) 8, 3 (d) 5, 14

57. How many bones are present in the axial skeleton of human ?

(a) 80 (b) 100 (c) 125 (d) 106

58. How many numbers of carpals and metacarpals are present respectivly in each forelimb of human ?

(a) 8,5 (b) 5,8 (c) 10,8 (d) 14, 30

59. By which bone half part of the pectoral girdle is made ?

(a) Clavicle (b) Scapula (c) a and b (d) Sternum

60. By which structure complete pelvic girdle is formed ?

(a) Two Ilium (b) Ischium (c) Two Coxal bone (d) Acetabulum

61. What is incorporated in pelvic girdle ?

(a) Ilium, Ischium, pubis (b) llium, Ischium, Clavicle

(c) Ilium, Ischium, Scapula (d) Humerus, Clavicle, scapula

62. Which bone is occurs in Shank ?

(a) Radio-Ulna (b) Tibio-fibula (c) Humerus (d) Femur

63. What is the number of cervical vertebrae in human ?

(a) 4 (b) 7 (c)9 (d) 14

64. The number of tarsals in each limb of human ?

(a) 5 (b) 6 (c) 7 (d) 8

65. By the help of what amoeboid movement is possible ?

(a) Flagellary (b) leg (c) Cilia (d) Pseudopodia

66. Which movement is seen in Paramoecium ?

(a) Flagella’s (b) Amoeboid (c) Ciliary (d) Pseudopodia

67. Through what the movement of internal organs of body occur ?

(a) Skeleton muscles (b) Voluntary muscles

(c) Non-striated muscles (d) All type of muscles

68. It is type of non-striated muscles ?

(a) Voluntary muscles (b) Skeleton muscles (c) Involuntary muscles (d) None of the given

69. Which is the functional unit of voluntary muscles ?

(a) H-band (b) A-band (c) I-band (d) Sarcomere

70. Where cardiac muscle is present ?

(a) In all internal Organs (b) In lungs

(c) In heart (d) In hand

71. How many vertebrae are in found adult human ?

(a) 33 (b) 28 (c) 24 (d) 26

72. Which are the three type of muscle found in human ?

(a) Voluntary muscle, Involunrary muscle and circular muscle

(b) Striated muscle, Non-striated muscle and Voluntary muscle

(c) Involuntary muscle, Autonomous muscle and Transverse muslce

(d) Skeleton muscle, Visceral muscle, And cardiac muscle

73. Which of the following is not true ?

(a) Cilia – Paramoecium (b) Tentacles – Hydra

(c) Pseudopodia – Amoeba (d) Flagella – Hydra

74. Which of the following pair is improper ?

(a) A-band, I- band – Striated muscle

(b) A-band, I- band Intercalated disc – Striated muscle

(c) H- line – Nonstriated muscle

(d) Z- line – Striated muscle

75. Which of the following pair is improper ?

(a) Axial skeleton – 80 bones (b) Cranium — 8 bones

(c) Vertebral column – 26 vertebrae (d) Ribs – 22 pairs

76. Make correct pairs from the column – I and column – II.

Column I Column – II

(P) Cervical vertebrae (i) 4

(Q) Thoracic vertebrae (ii) 5

(R) Lumbar vertebrae (iii) 7

(S) Sacrum vertebrae (iv) 12

(T) Coccygeal vertebrae (iv) 5

(a) (P-ii) ( Q -iv ) ( R- ii) ( S – v) ( T – i) (b) ( P-ii) ( Q -iii) ( R- i) ( S – v) (T – iv)

(c) ( P-iii) ( Q -iv) ( R- ii) ( S – v) ( T – i) (d) ( P-v ) ( Q -iii) (R- ii) ( S – i) ( T – iv)

77. Make proper pairs.

Column -I Column – II

(P) Red muscle (i) Muscle of eye ball

(Q) White muscle (ii) Flight muscle of bird

(R) Immovable joint (iii) In-between humerus and

(S) Synovial joint (iv) Bones of skull

(a) ( P-iv ) (Q -iii) (R- i) ( S – ii) (b) ( P-ii) ( Q -i) (R- iiv) (S – iii)

(c) (P-iii) (Q-iv) (R-i)(S-ii) pectoral girdle (d) ( P-ii) ( Q-i) (R-iv ) (S – iii)

78. Make correct pairs from the column -I and column – II.

Column -I Column – II

(P) Skull bone (i) Two curves

(Q) Vertebral column (ii) Second vertebrae

(R) Carpals (iii) 22

(S) Axis (iv) 08

(T) Clavicle (iv) four curves

(a) ( P-ii) ( Q -iv ) ( R- ii) ( S – v) ( T – i) (b) ( P-ii) ( Q -iii) ( R- i) ( S – v) (T – iv)

(c) ( P-iii) ( Q -v) ( R- iv ) ( S – ii) (T- i) (d) (P-v)(Q-iii) ( R-ii) (S-i)(T-iv)

79. Make proper pairs.

Column -I Column – II

(P) F- actin (i) Facial bone

(Q) Ethmoid (ii) Myosin

(R) ATPase (iii) Polymerize protein

(S) Lacrymal bone (iv) Bones of skull

(a) ( P-iv ) ( Q -iii) (R- i) ( S – ii) (b) ( P-ii) ( Q -i) ( R- iiv) ( S – iii)

(c) ( P-iii) ( Q -iv) (R- ii) ( S – i) (d) ( P-ii) ( Q -i) (R- iv ) ( S – iii)

80. Whaich is the smallest bone of fore limb ? (CPMT- 2002)

(a) Humerus (b) Femur (c) carpals (d) Fibula

81. In which bone triangular acromion is present ? (CPMT- 2002)

(a) Radias (b) Scapula (c) Femur (d) Humerus

82. Humerus bone is found : (DPMT- 1985)

(a) Radias (b)Ulna (c) arm (d) Fore arm

83. Hinge joint occurs between : (CPC – 2003 )

(a) Humerus and radio-ulna (b) Femur and pelvic girdle

(c) Humerus and Pectoral girdle (d) Skull and atlas

84. Total numbers of vertebrae in human skeleton. (JIMERT 2002)

(a) 30 (b) 32 (c) 33 (d) 35

85. Number of bones present in an arm is : (AFMC – 2004 )

(a) 30 (b) 32 (c) 35 (d) 40

86. Ribs are attached to : (Wardha- 2001 )

(a) Scapula (b) Sternum (c) Clavicle (d) Ilium

87. In humans, coccyx is formed by the fusion of vertebrae (NCERT- 1978)

(a) 3 (b) 4 (c) 5 (d) 6

88. What is formed by the bones of pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle and limbs ? (CPMT- 1987)

(a) Body skeleton (b) External skeleton

(c) Axial skeleton (d) Appendiculr skeleton

89. Number of floting ribs in human body is : (JIMER- 2000)

(a) 6 pairs (b) 5 pairs (c) 3 pairs (d) 2 pairs

90. Ankle joint is : (Pb.P.M.T- 1997)

(a) Pivot joint (b) Ball and soket joint (c) Hinge joint (d) Gliding joint

91. Sarcomere is distance between : ( BHU-2001, CBSE- 2004, RPMT- 2002)

(a) Two I- bands (b) A and I bands (c) Two consecutive Z- lines (d) Z and A bands

92. Which is the skull bone ? (CBSE- 1998)

(a) Atlas (b) Femur (c) Tibia (d) Nasal

93. How many bones are there in appendicular skeleton ? (BV – 2003)

(a) 80 (b) 120 (c) 126 (d) 206

94. Where is hinge joint found ? (APMEE- 2002)

(a) Elbow and shoulders (b) Elbow and Knee

(c) Atlas and odontoid process (d) Knee and ankle

95. Number of ball and soket joints present in human body is : (Wardha- 2003)

(a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 5 (d) 8

96. Synovial joints is : (Orrisa – 2004)

(a) Ball and soket joint (b) Pivot joint

(c) Hinge joint (d) A11 the above

97. Give the number of Cranium bones ? (JKCMEE – 2005)

(a) 8 (b) 10 (c) 14 (d) 20

98. Cervical vertebrae are located in : (HPPMT – 2005)

(a) Thoracic region (b) Abdominal region (c) Neck region (d) Hip region

99. Lumbar vertebrae are located in : (HPPMT – 2005)

(a) region (b) Thorax

(c) Abdominal regionNeckn (d) Hip region

100. Ratio of which is more in red muscle ? (JIMER -2002)

(a) Myoglobin (b) Actin (c) Myosin (d) Albumin

101. Friction is lessened in ball and soket joint by (MPPMT -1990)

(a) Coelomic fluid (b) Synovial fluid

(c) Pericardial fluid (d) Mucin

102. Each half of pelvic girdle is made of (MPPMT -1998)

(a) Ischium (b) Ilium (c)Pubis (d) All the above

103. Extremities of long bones possess cartilage (C.B.S.E. 2002)

(a) Calcified (b) Fibrous (c) Elastic (d)Hyaline

104. Glenoid cavity is found in (A.M.U. – 2000)

(a) Pelvic girdle (b) Skull (c) Pectoral girdle (d) Sternum

105. An example of gliding joints is (MPPMT -1992)

(a) Humerus and glenoid cavity (b) Femur and tibio-fibula

(c) Occipital condyle and odontoid process (d) Zygapophyses of adjacent vertebrae.

106. During muscle countraction (C.B.S.E. – 2001)

(a) Size of a-bands remains the same (b) Size of H-zone becomes smaller

(c) Size of I-bands decreases (d) All the above

107. Substance that accumulates in a fatigued muscle is (Har.P.M.T. – 2003)

(a) Pyruvicacid (b) Lactic acid (c) CO2 (d) ADP

108. What is the phenomen of overstretched or born ligaments and tendon called

(a) Sprain (b) Dislocation (c) Fracture (d) Tension

109. Which ion is essential for muscle contraction ? (Pb. PMT – 2000)

(a) Na (b) K (c)Ca (d) Cl

110. Ends of long bones are covered by (Bhi.P.M.T-2001)

(a) Ligaments (b) Cartilage (c) Muscles (d) Blood cells

111. Acromion process is part of (B.V. 2003)
(a) Vertebral column (b) Pelvic girdle (c) Femur (d) Pectoral girdle

112. In mammals the lower jaw is made of ( kerala -2000)

(a) Maxilla (b) Dentary (c) Mandible (d) Ethmoid

113. Inter-articular disc occur in (B.H.U. -1997)

(a) Wall of heart (b) Wall of liver

(c) Pubic symphysis (d) In between two vertebrae

114. Acetabulum is part of (C.E.T. chd. 2000)

(a) Pelvic girdle (b) Pectoral girdle (c) Form arm (d) Upper arm

115. The function unit of contractile system of a striated muscles is (C.M.E.E.-2004)

(a)Sarcomere (b) Z-band (c) Cross bridge (d) Myofibril

116. Fibrous joints are present between ( M.P.P.M.T. -2000)

(a) Thumb and metatarsal (b) Humerus and radio-ulna

(c) Bonus of skull (d) Glenoid cavity and pectoral girdle

117. Joint of sternum and ribs is (C.B.S.E. -2000)

(a) Cartiginous (b) Fibrous joint (c) Angular joint (d) Hinge joint

118. During & vigorous exercise, glucose is converted into (C.P.M.T.- 2000)

(a) Glycogen (b) pyruvic acid (c) Starch (d) Lactic acid

119. Synovial fluid is present in (Har. P.M.T. – 2000)

(a) Spinal cavity (b) Cranial cavity

(c) Freely movable joints (d) Fixed joints

120. Synovial fluid is secreted by (B.V.-2001)

(a) Blood (b) Cartilage

(c) Bone (d) Synovial membrane

121. Iliac of pelvic girdle is articulated with sacrum for (B.V.-2001)

(a) Bending (b) Jumping (c) Support (d) Running

122. Anisotropic band are made up of (A.M.U.- 2001)

(a) Myosin filaments (b) Actin filaments (c) Elastin filaments (d) Both A and B

123. Socket in pelvic girdle in which head of femur articulates is formed by fusion of (uttaranchal – 2001)

(a) Ischium and pubis (b) Ilium and pubis (c) Ilium and ischium (d) Both a and b

124. The movable skull bone is (Wardha-2002)

(a) Maxilla (b) Vomer (c) Mandible (d) All the above

125. Gliding joint occur between (B.V. – 2002)

(a) Prezygapophysis and postzygapophysis (b) Acetabulum and femur

(c) Pelvis girdle and femur (d) Humerus and radius.

126. Red muscle are rich in (J.I.P.M.E.R.-2002)

(a) Golgi bodies (b) Mitochondria (c) Lysomomes (d) Ribosomes.

127. Joint between atlas and axis is (A.F.M.C. – 2003)

(a) Pivot (b) Hinge (c) Angular (d) Saddle

128. The longest bone amongst the following is (B.V – 2003)

(a) Radius (b) ulna (c) Humerus (d) Femur

129. Joint between metacarpals and phalanges is (B.V – 2003)

(a) Ball and socket (b) Pivot (c) Saddle (d) Hinge

130. ATP-ase needed for muscle contraction is present over ( C.B.S.E.-2004)

(a) Actin (b) Troponin (c) Myosin (d) Actin

131. Make correct pairs from the column -1 and column – II. (OrrisaJEE – 2010)

Column -I Column – II

Types of synoviyal joint Bones involved

(P) Ball and socket (i) Carpal and metacarpal of thumb

(Q) Hinge (ii) Atlas and axis

(R) Pivot (iii) Frontal and parietal

(S) Saddle (iv) Knee

(v) Humerus and pectoral girdle

(a) ( P-ii) (Q-iv ) (R-ii)(S-v) (c) (P-iii)(Q-v) (R-iv)(S-ii)

(b) ( P-ii) (Q -iii) ( R- i) (S – v) (d) (P-v ) (Q -iv) ( R- ii) (S – i)

132. Major protein in ths thick filament of skeletal muscle fibre is (MP PMT 2011)

(a) Tropomyosin (b) Myosin (c) Actin (d) Troponin

133. True joints are (Wardha 2005)

(a) Synchondroses (b) Syndesmoses (c) Synovial (d) Ball and socket

* Queation number 134 to 144 are A and R type queation option for queation number 134 to 144

a. Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A

b. Both A and R are true but R is not correct explanation of A

c. A is ture but R is false

d. A is false but R is ture

134. Statement (A) : Organisms change their habitat or place.

Reason (R) : Autonomous movement like running, walking, swimmimg etc. are called locomotion.

(a) (b) (c) (d)

135. Statement (A) : Pseudopodia of Amoeba is helpful in food capturing and for changing palce.

Reason (R) : In Amoba movement is occured by the effect of pseudopod. Which is produces through flow of protoplasm.

(a) (b) (c) (d)

136. Statement (A) : In skeleton muscle horizontal belts are arranged in line.

Reason (R) : Skeleton muscle is also called striated muscle.

(a) (b) (c) (d)

137. Reason (R) : Non-striated muscles are innervated by autonomous nervers system.

Statement (A) : Non-striated muscle is also called innvoluntary muscle.

(a) (b) (c) (d)

138. Statement (A) : The contraction of cardiac muscle is Quick, rhythmic, powerful and never get fatigue

Reason (R) : Intercalated disc is absence in cardiac muscle.

(a) (b) (c) (d)

139. Reason (R) : Sarcomere reduce in length during musce contraction.

Statement (A) : During muscle contraction protein of I-band is slides over A-bandd.

(a) (b) (c) (d)

140. Statement (A) : Human skeleton is made of by 206 bones

Reason (R) : Human skeleton system is divided into axial skeleton and appendicular skeleton.

(a) (b) (c) (d)

141. Statement (A) : In human 12 pairs of ribs are present.

Reason (R) : The ribs have two articulation surfaces it is called bicephalic.

(a) (b) (c) (d)

142. Statement (A) : Thoracic vertebrae, ribs and sternum maks a ribcage.

Reason (R) : The ribcage protects heart, large blood vessels and lungs.

(a) (b) (c) (d)

143. Statement (a) : The anterior region go glenoid cavity and humerus joint form joint of shoulder.

Reason (R) : The joint of shoulder is ball and socket joint.

(a) (b) (c) (d)

144. Statement (a) : The joints of skull are immovable.

Reason (R) : The bones of skull are joint with each other by strong collagen fibres.

(a) (b) (c) (d)

AIPMT Question Bank: Biology - Locomotion and Movement

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