NCERT Solutions Class 11 Sociology Chapter 10 Indian Sociologists– Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 11 Sociology Chapter 10. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete chapter 10 titled Of Indian Sociologiststaught in Class 11. If you are a student of Class 11 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Sociology, then you must come across chapter 10 Indian Sociologists After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Sociology Chapter 10 Indian Sociologists in one place.
NCERT Solutions Class 11 Sociology Chapter 5 Indian Sociologists
Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for Sociology for Class 11 so that you can refer them as and when required. The NCERT Solutions to the questions after every unit of NCERT textbooks aimed at helping students solving difficult questions.
For a better understanding of this chapter, you should also see summary of Chapter 5 Indian Sociologists , Sociology, Class 11.
NCERT Solutions Class 11 Sociology chapter 5 Indian Sociologists
Class 11, Sociology chapter 5, Indian Sociologists solutions are given below in PDF format. You can view them online or download PDF file for future use.
Did you find NCERT Solutions Class 11 Sociology chapter 5 Indian Sociologists helpful? If yes, please comment below. Also please like, and share it with your friends!
NCERT Solutions Class 11 Sociology chapter 5 Indian Sociologists- Video
You can also watch the video solutions of NCERT Class11 Sociology chapter 5 Indian Sociologists here.
Video – will be available soon.
If you liked the video, please subscribe to our YouTube channel so that you can get more such interesting and useful study resources.
Download NCERT Solutions Class 11 Sociology chapter 5 Indian Sociologists In PDF Format
You can also download here the NCERT Solutions Class 11 Sociology chapter 5 Indian Sociologists in PDF format.
Click Here to download NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Sociology chapter 5 Indian Sociologists
Question & Answer
Q.1: How did Ananthakrishna Iyer and Sarat Chandra Roy come to practice social anthropology?
Ans : Ananthakrishna lyer came to practice social anthropology by voluntarily helping the British administrators in ethnographic surveys of India. He was initially a clerk and then became a college teacher at Ernakulum. In 1902, he was asked by the Dewan of Cochin to assist with an ethnographic survey of the state. Later, he worked for British government as unpaid Superintendent of Ethnography. His work received appreciation from British anthropologists and administrators. lyer became a reader at the university of Madras and set up the post-graduate department of anthropology at the university of Calcutta. Thus, he became the first self-taught anthropologist. Sarat Chandra Roy was educated in law and English. He gave up his law practice and became a school teacher in Ranchi. He was appointed as the official interpreter in the court after he resumed his law practice. Gradually, he became interested in the tribal society, as he had to interpret the tribal customs in the court. He gained considerable knowledge on the culture and society of the tribal people of Chhotanagpur. Roy produced valuable monographs and research articles on this subject. He travelled and did intensive fieldwork pertaining to the tribal community. Thus, the experiences gained by lyer and Roy in the course of their work led to their interest in social anthropology.
Q.2: What were the main arguments on either side of the debate about how to relate to tribal communities?
Ans : The main arguments, on either side of the debate about relating to tribal communities, were led by the British administrator-anthropologists and the nationalists. According to the British, the tribes of India were primitive people and had a different culture from the Hindus. They believed that the simple tribal people would suffer exploitation and cultural degradation at the hands of Hindu people who wanted the assimilation of tribal people with them. Thus, they needed to be protected by the state in order to safeguard their interests. On the other hand, the nationalists, of whom G.S Ghurye was the most famous exponent, argued that the tribes of India were not backward, but had been interacting with the rest of Hindu society over a long period. The process of assimilation had been experienced by all the communities in India and the tribes were only a step behind in this process. According to nationalists, attempts to preserve tribal culture only contributed to their backwardness. They believed tribal society needed as much reform as Hindu society. Thus, the main difference in both viewpoints was the perception about the impact of mainstream culture on tribes.
Q.3: Outline the positions of Herbert Risley and G.S. Ghurye on the relationship between race and caste in India.
Ans : Herbert Risley believed that human beings could be divided into separate races on the basis of their physical characteristics. His main argument was that caste originated in race because the different castes belonged to different racial types. He believed that the higher castes originated from Indo-Aryans while the lower castes originated from non- Aryan races. Risley was of the opinion that the conditions in India were suitable for studying racial evolution as inter-caste marriages was strictly prohibited in India. Ghurye was of a different view. He believed that Risle Vs argument was partially correct and the argument of upper castes being Aryan and lower castes being non-Aryan was true only for north India. He further said that the prohibition of intermixing of different castes was only limited to the northern India, and people in other areas had been mixing for a long time. According to him, racial purity was preserved only in North India while other parts adopted the practice of endogamy only after variations had occurred in racial groups.
Q.4: Summarise the social anthropological definition of caste.
Ans : The social anthropological definition of caste was given by G.S Ghurye, which comprised six features. These were as follows: (i) Caste is an institution based on segmental division. This means that the castes were different and closed segments that comprised people of an exclusive social order determined by birth. The individuals born in a particular caste would always remain in that caste. (ii) Caste society is based on hierarchical division. The caste system was based on a hierarchical order, and each caste had unequal status as compared to others. (iii) The institution of caste necessarily involves restrictions on social interaction, specially sharing of food. There were many restrictions in the caste system based on the ideas of purity and pollution. (iv) Caste involves differential rights and duties for different caste as a consequence of hierarchy and restricted social interaction. These pertained to religious life and everyday practices. (v) The choice of occupation, like caste itself, is decided by birth and is hereditary. It was a rigid form of division of labour. A person born as a shudra would always remain one, however hard he worked or whatever success he achieved. (vi) Caste involves strict restrictions on marriage. The marriage between people of different castes was strictly prohibited and rules existed regarding both endogamy and exogamy.
Q.5: What does D.P. Mukerji mean by a ‘living tradition’? Why did he insist that Indian sociologists be rooted in this tradition?
Ans : By 'living tradition', D.P. Mukerji means that the traditions were not only formed in the past but also kept on changing with the present and evolved over time. It manages to retain basic elements from the past. He insisted that Indian sociologists be rooted in this tradition because an Indian sociologist should be an Indian first, which means that he/she should understand his/her social system first.
NCERT / CBSE Book for Class 11 Sociology
You can download the NCERT Book for Class 11 Sociology in PDF format for free. Otherwise you can also buy it easily online.
- Click here for NCERT Book for Class 11 Sociology
- Click here to buy NCERT Book for Class 11 Sociology
All NCERT Solutions Class 11
- NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy
- NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology
- NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry
- NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths
- NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Economics
- NCERT Solutions for Class 11 History
- NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Geography
- NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Science
- NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Sociology
- NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Psychology
- NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English
- NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Hindi
- NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics
- NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Business Studies
- NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Statistics
All NCERT Solutions
You can also check out NCERT Solutions of other classes here. Click on the class number below to go to relevant NCERT Solutions of Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12.
|Class 1||Class 2||Class 3|
|Class 4||Class 5||Class 6|
|Class 7||Class 8||Class 9|
|Class 10||Class 11||Class 12|
Download the NCERT Solutions app for quick access to NCERT Solutions Class 11 Sociology Chapter 5 Indian Sociologists. It will help you stay updated with relevant study material to help you top your class!
To get fastest exam alerts and government job alerts in India, join our Telegram channel.