The whole process of obtaining a pure metal and its alloy of desired property from one of its ores is known as metallurgy. In order to extract the metal from ores several physical and chemical methods are employed depending upon the nature, availability and properties of metals.
The following flow sheet shows general metallurgical operations. Function of processes are given on the right side whereas methods employed are indicated on the left of the flow sheet.

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Ores and Metallurgy

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