Candidates can download NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Maths Unit 7 from this page. The exemplar has been provided by the National Council of Educational Research & Training (NCERT) and the candidates can check it from below for free of cost. It contains objective, very short answer type, short answer type, and long answer type questions. Along with it, the answer for each question has also been provided. From the NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Maths Unit 7, candidates can understand the level and type of questions that are asked in the exam.

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## NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Maths Unit 7 Permutations and Combinations

NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Maths Unit 7 is for Permutations and Combinations. The type of questions that will be asked from NCERT Class 11 Maths Unit 7 are displayed in the below provided NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Maths Unit 7. With the help of it, candidates can prepare well for the examination.

**Also Check:** NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Mathematics

**7.1 Overview**

The study of permutations and combinations is concerned with determining the number

of different ways of arranging and selecting objects out of a given number of objects,

without actually listing them. There are some basic counting techniques which will be

useful in determining the number of different ways of arranging or selecting objects.

The two basic counting principles are given below:

**Fundamental principle of counting**

**7.1.1 Multiplication principle (Fundamental Principle of Counting)**Suppose an event E can occur in m different ways and associated with each way of

occurring of E, another event F can occur in n different ways, then the total number of

occurrence of the two events in the given order is m × n .

**7.1.2 Addition principle**If an event E can occur in m ways and another event F can occur in n ways, and

suppose that both can not occur together, then E or F can occur in m + n ways.

**7.1.3 Permutations A**permutation is an arrangement of objects in a definite order.

**7.1.4 Permutation of n different objects** The number of permutations of n objects

taken all at a time, denoted by the symbol ⁿPn , is given by

**7.1.5 When repetition of objects is allowed** The number of permutations of n things

taken all at a time, when repetion of objects is allowed is nⁿ .

### Solved Examples

**Example 1: **In a class, there are 27 boys and 14 girls. The teacher wants to select 1

boy and 1 girl to represent the class for a function. In how many ways can the teacher

make this selection?**Solutions: **Here the teacher is to perform two operations:

(i) Selecting a boy from among the 27 boys and

(ii) Selecting a girl from among 14 girls.

The first of these can be done in 27 ways and second can be performed in 14 ways. By the fundamental principle of counting, the required number of ways is 27 × 14 = 378.

**Example 2:**(i) How many numbers are there between 99 and 1000 having 7 in the units place?

(ii) How many numbers are there between 99 and 1000 having atleast one of their

digits 7?

**Solution:**

(i) First note that all these numbers have three digits. 7 is in the unit’s place. The

middle digit can be any one of the 10 digits from 0 to 9. The digit in hundred’s

place can be any one of the 9 digits from 1 to 9. Therefore, by the fundamental

principle of counting, there are 10 × 9 = 90 numbers between 99 and 1000 having 7 in the unit’s place.

(ii) Total number of 3 digit numbers having atleast one of their digits as 7 = (Total

numbers of three digit numbers) – (Total number of 3 digit numbers in which 7 does not appear at all).

= (9 × 10 × 10) – (8 × 9 × 9)

= 900 – 648 = 252.

**Example 3:**In how many ways can this diagram be coloured subject to the following

two conditions?

(i) Each of the smaller triangle is to be painted with one of three colours: red, blue or green.

(ii) No two adjacent regions have the same colour.

**Solution: **These conditions are satisfied exactly when we do as follows: First paint the

central triangle in any one of the three colours. Next paint the remaining 3 triangles,

with any one of the remaining two colours.

By the fundamental principle of counting, this can be done in 3 × 2 × 2 × 2 = 24 ways.

**Example 4:** In how many ways can 5 children be arranged in a line such that (i) two particular children of them are always together (ii) two particular children of them are never together.**Solution:**(i) We consider the arrangements by taking 2 particular children together as one

and hence the remaining 4 can be arranged in 4! = 24 ways. Again two particular

children taken together can be arranged in two ways. Therefore, there are

24 × 2 = 48 total ways of arrangement.

(ii) Among the 5! = 120 permutations of 5 children, there are 48 in which two children

are together. In the remaining 120 – 48 = 72 permutations, two particular children

are never together.

**Long Answer Type**

**Objective Type Questions**Choose the correct answer out of four options given against each of the following

Examples (M.C.Q.).

### Short Type Questions

### Long Type Questions

### Objective Type Questions

### Fill in the Blanks Type Questions

### True or False Type Questions

### Match Type Questions

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## Answers to Objective Type Questions

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