Candidates can download NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 from this page. The exemplar has been provided by the National Council of Educational Research & Training (NCERT) and the candidates can check it from below for free of cost. It contains objective, very short answer type, short answer type, and long answer type questions. Along with it, the answer for each question has also been provided. From the NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16, candidates can understand the level and type of questions that are asked in the exam.
NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 Chemistry in Everyday Life
NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 is for Chemistry in Everyday Life. The type of questions that will be asked from NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 are displayed in the below provided NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16. With the help of it, candidates can prepare well for the examination.
Also Check: NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry
Multiple Choice Questions (Type-I)
- Which of the following statements is not correct.
(i) Some antiseptics can be added to soaps.
(ii) Dilute solutions of some disinfectants can be used as antiseptic.
(iii) Disinfectants are antimicrobial drugs.
(iv) Antiseptic medicines can be ingested.
- Which is the correct statement about birth control pills?
(i) Contain estrogen only.
(ii) Contain progesterone only.
(iii) Contain a mixture of estrogen and progesterone derivatives.
(iv) Progesterone enhances ovulation.
- Which statement about aspirin is not true
(i) Aspirin belongs to narcotic analgesics.
(ii) It is effective in relieving pain.
(iii) It has anti blood clotting action.
(iv) It is a neurologically active drug.
- The most useful classification of drugs for medicinal chemists is _________.
(i) on the basis of chemical structure.
(ii) on the basis of drug action.
(iii) on the basis of molecular targets.
(iv) on the basis of pharmacological effect.
- Which of the following statements is correct?
(i) Some tranquilisers function by inhibiting the enzymes which catalyse the degradation of noradrenaline.
(ii) Tranquilisers are narcotic drugs.
(iii) Tranquilizers are chemical compounds that do not affect the message transfer from nerve to receptor.
(iv) Tranquilisers are chemical compounds that can relieve pain and fever.
- Salvarsan is arsenic containing drug which was first used for the treatment of ____________.
- A narrow spectrum antibiotic is active against _______________.
(i) gram positive or gram negative bacteria.
(ii) gram negative bacteria only.
(iii) single organism or one disease.
(iv) both gram positive and gram negative bacteria.
- The compound that causes general antidepressant action on the central nervous system belongs to the class of _____________.
(iii) narcotic analgesics
- Compound which is added to soap to impart antiseptic properties is __________.
(i) sodium lauryl sulphate
(ii) sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate
- Equanil is __________.
(i) artificial sweetener
(iv) antifertility drug
- Which of the following enhances leathering property of soap?
(i) Sodium carbonate
(ii) Sodium rosinate
(iii) Sodium stearate
(iv) Trisodium phosphate
- Glycerol is added to soap. It functions ______________.
(i) as a filler.
(ii) to increase leathering.
(iii) to prevent rapid drying.
(iv) to make soap granules.
- Which of the following is an example of liquid dishwashing detergent?
- Polyethylene Glycols are used in the preparation of which type of detergents?
(i) Cationic detergents
(ii) Anionic detergents
(iii) Non-ionic detergents
- Which of the following is not a target molecule for drug function in body?
- Which of the following statements is not true about enzyme inhibitors?
(i) Inhibit the catalytic activity of the enzyme.
(ii) Prevent the binding of substrate.
(iii) Generally a strong covalent bond is formed between an inhibitor and an enzyme.
(iv) Inhibitors can be competitive or non-competitive.
- Which of the following chemicals can be added for sweetening of food items at cooking temperature and does not provide calories?
- Which of the following will not enhance nutritional value of food?
(ii) Artificial sweeteners
(iv) Amino Acids
Multiple Choice Questions (Type-II)
Note : In the following questions two or more options may be correct.
- Which of the following statements are incorrect about receptor proteins?
(i) Majority of receptor proteins are embedded in the cell membranes.
(ii) The active site of receptor proteins opens on the inside region of the cell.
(iii) Chemical messengers are received at the binding sites of receptor proteins.
(iv) Shape of receptor doesn’t change during attachment of messenger.
- Which of the following are not used as food preservatives?
(i) Table salt
(ii) Sodium hydrogen carbonate
(iii) Cane sugar
(iv) Benzoic acid
- Compounds with antiseptic properties are ______________.
(iii) Boric acid
(iv) 0.3 ppm aqueous solution of Cl2
- Which of the following statements are correct about barbiturates?
(i) Hypnotics or sleep producing agents.
(ii) These are tranquilizers.
(iii) Non-narcotic analgesics.
(iv) Pain reducing without disturbing the nervous system.
- Which of the following are sulpha drugs?
- Which of the following are antidepressants?
- Which of the following statements are incorrect about penicillin?
(i) An antibacterial fungus.
(ii) Ampicillin is its synthetic modification.
(iii) It has bacteriostatic effect.
(iv) It is a broad spectrum antibiotic.
- Which of the following compounds are administered as antacids?
(i) Sodium carbonate
(ii) Sodium hydrogen carbonate
(iii) Aluminium carbonate
(iv) Magnesium hydroxide
- Amongst the following antihistamines, which are antacids?
- Veronal and luminal are derivatives of barbituric acid which are __________.
(ii) Non-narcotic analgesic
(iii) Antiallergic drugs
(iv) Neurologically active drugs
- Which of the following are anionic detergents?
(i) Sodium salts of sulfonated long chain alcohol.
(ii) Ester of stearic acid and polyethylene glycol.
(iii) Quaternary ammonium salt of amine with acetate ion.
(iv) Sodium salts of sulfonated long chain hydrocarbons.
- Which of the following statements are correct?
(i) Cationic detergents have germicidal properties
(ii) Bacteria can degrade the detergents containing highly branched chains.
(iii) Some synthetic detergents can give foam even in ice cold water.
(iv) Synthetic detergents are not soaps.
Short Answer Type Questions
- What is the average molecular mass of drugs?
- Write the uses of medicines.
- What are antiseptics?
- Which type of drugs come under antimicrobial drugs?
- Where are receptors located?
- What is the harmful effect of hyperacidity?
- Which site of an enzyme is called allosteric site?
- What type of forces are involved in binding of substrate to the active site of enzyme?
- What is the commonality between the antibiotic arsphenamine and azo dye?
- Which class of drugs is used in sleeping pills?
- Aspirin is pain relieving antipyretic drug but can be used to prevent heart attack. Explain.
- Both antacids and anti allergic drugs are antihistamines but they cannot replace each other. Explain why?
- What is a soft soap?
- If soap has high alkali content it irritates skin. How can the amount of excess alkali be determined? What can be the source of excess alkali?
- Explain why some times foaming is seen in river water near the place where sewage water is poured after treatment?
- Which category of the synthetic detergents is used in toothpaste?
- Hair shampoos belong to which class of synthetic detergent?
- Dishwashing soaps are synthetic detergents. What is their chemical nature?
- Draw the diagram showing micelle formation by the following detergent
- How does the branching of hydrocarbon chain of synthetic detergents affect their biodegradability?
- Why is it safer to use soap from the environmental point of view?
- What are analgesics?
- What is the scientific explanation for the feeling of depression?
- What is the basic difference between antiseptics and disinfectants?
- Between sodium hydrogen carbonate and magnesium hydroxide which is a better antacid and why?
- Which analgesics are called opiates?
- What is the medicinal use of narcotic drugs?
- What are antagonistic drugs?
- What is the mode of action of antimicrobial drugs?
- What is the side product of soap industry? Give reactions showing soap formation.
- What is the difference between bathing soap and washing soaps?
- How are transparent soaps manufactured?
- What is the advantage of using antihistamines over antacids in the treatment of acidity?
- What are the functions performed by histamine in the body?
- With the help of an example explain how do tranquilizers control the feeling of depression?
- Why are certain drugs called enzyme inhibitors?
- What are fillers and what role these fillers play in soap?
- Sugar is the main source of energy as it produces energy on metabolic decomposition. But these days low calorie drinks are more popular, why?
- Pickles have a long shelf life and do not get spoiled for months, why?
- What is the difference between saccharin and saccharic acid?
- Name an artificial sweetener which is derivative of sucrose.
- Name two α-amino acids which form a dipeptide which is 100 times more sweet than cane sugar?
- Aspartame is unstable at cooking temperature, where would you suggest aspartame to be used for sweetening?
- Sodium salts of some acids are very useful as food preservatives. Suggest a few such acids.
- Explain the role of allosteric site in enzyme inhibition?
- How are receptor proteins located in the cell membrane?
- What happens when the bond formed between an enzyme and an inhibitor is a strong covalent bond?
Matching Type Questions
Note : Match the items given in Column I with the items given in Column II.
- Match the medicines given in Column I with their use given in Column II.
- Match the soaps given in Column I with items given in Column II.
- Match structures given in Column I with the type of detergents given in Column II.
- Match the detergents given in Column I with their uses given in Column II.
- Match the class of compounds given in Column I with their functions given in Column II.
- Match the classes of drugs given in Column I with their action given in Column II.
Assertion and Reason Type Questions
Note : In the following questions a statement of assertion followed by a statement of reason is given. Choose the correct answer out of the following choices.
(i) Assertion and reason both are correct statement but reason does not explain assertion.
(ii) Assertion and reason both are correct and reason explains the assertion.
(iii) Both assertion and reason are wrong statement.
(iv) Assertion is correct statement reason is wrong statement.
(v) Assertion is wrong statement reason is correct statement.
- Assertion : Penicillin (G) is an antihistamine
Reason : Penicillin (G) is effective against gram positive as well as gram negative bacteria.
- Assertion : Sulpha drug contain sulphonamide group.
Reason : Salvarsan is a sulfa drug.
- Assertion : Receptors are crucial to body’s communication process.
Reason : Receptors are proteins.
- Assertion : Enzymes have active sites that hold substrate molecule for a chemical reaction.
Reason : Drugs compete with natural substrate by attaching covalently to the active site of enzyme.
- Assertion : Chemical messengers are chemicals that enable communication of message between two neurons or between neurons and muscles.
Reason : Chemicals enter the cell through receptor.
- Assertion : Transparent soaps are made by dissolving soaps in ethanol.
Reason : Ethanol makes things invisible.
- Assertion : Sodium chloride is added to precipitate soap after saponification.
Reason : Hydrolysis of esters of long chain fatty acids by alkali produces soap in colloidal form.
- Assertion : Competitive inhibitors compete with natural substrate for their attachment on the active sites of enzymes.
Reason : In competitive inhibition, inhibitor binds to the allosteric site of the enzyme.
- Assertion : Non-competitive inhibitor inhibits the catalytic activity of enzyme by binding with its active site.
Reason : Non-competitive inhibitor changes the shape of the active site in such a way that substrate can’t recognise it.
- Assertion : Chemical messenger gives message to the cell without entering the cell.
Reason : Chemical messenger is received at the binding site of receptor proteins.
- Assertion : Receptor proteins show selectivity for one chemical messenger over the other.
Reason : Chemical messenger binds to the receptor site and inhibits ts natural function.
- Assertion : All chemicals added to food items are called food preservatives.
Reason : All these chemicals increase the nutritive value of the food.
- Assertion : Preservative are added to food items.
Reason : Preservatives inhibit the growth of microorganisms.
- Assertion : Artificial sweeteners are added to the food to control the intake of calories.
Reason : Most of the artificial sweeteners are inert and do not metabolise in the body.
Long Answer Type Questions
- In what respect do prontosil and salvarsan resemble. Is there any resemblance between azo dye and prontosil? Explain.
- How do enzymes catalyse a chemical reaction in the living system? Explain drug target interaction taking the example of enzyme as target.
- Synthetic detergents have advantage over usual soaps as far as cleansing power is concerned. But use of synthetic detergents over a long time creates environmental pollution. How can the pollution caused by synthetic detergents be minimised? Classify the detergents according to their chemical nature.
- What are enzyme inhibitors? Classify them on the basis of their mode of attachments on the active site of enzymes. With the help of diagrams explain how do inhibitors inhibit the enzymatic activity.