NCERT Solutions Class 11 Political Science (Indian Constitution) Chapter 5 Legislature – Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 11 Political Science (Indian Constitution) Chapter 5. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete chapter 5 titled Of Legislature taught in Class 11. If you are a student of Class 11 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Political Science (Indian Constitution), then you must come across chapter 5 Legislature. After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Science (Indian Constitution) Chapter 5 Legislature in one place.
NCERT Solutions Class 11 Political Science Chapter 5 Legislature
Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for Political Science for Class 11 so that you can refer them as and when required. The NCERT Solutions to the questions after every unit of NCERT textbooks aimed at helping students solving difficult questions.
For a better understanding of this chapter, you should also see summary of Chapter 5 Legislature , Political Science, Class 11.
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NCERT Solutions Class 11 Political Science chapter 5 Legislature
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Question & Answer
Q.1: Alok thinks that a country needs an efficient government that looks after the welfare of the people. So, if we simply elected our Prime Minister and Ministers and left to them the task of government, we will not need a legislature. Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer.
Ans : I do not agree with Alok because leaving the whole task of government with Prime Minister and Ministers would hamper the essence of democracy. Such a set up would reduce the representation of people in the government. The members of the legislature who do not represent the majority would not have the opportunity to present their point of view. The decisions made by the cabinet would not be accountable as the ministers would not have to explain them to the legislature. Thus, the executive would become all-powerful The task of the legislature also includes law making. It is a complex process that requires the opinion of all sections of society. A legislature is required for this purpose.
Q.2: A class was debating the merits of a bicameral system. The following points were made during the discussion. Read the arguments and say if you agree or disagree with each of them, giving reasons. √ Neha said that bicameral legislature does not serve any purpose. √ Shama argued that experts should be nominated in the second chamber. √ Tridib said that if a country is not a federation, then there is no need to have a second chamber.
Ans : Any answer supported with argument or explanation would solve the purpose. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, some sample solutions have been provided for your reference: √ I do not agree with Neha. Bicameral legislature is necessary for a democratic country with large population and much diversity. It also presents the opportunity for the reconsideration of every decision along with a thorough debate. √ I agree with Shama that experts should be nominated into the second chamber as they can provide inputs on subjects that require technical knowledge and give rational suggestions for policy making. √ I do not agree with Tridib as federalism is not a precondition for having bicameral legislature. Therefore, the statement that a country without federalism need not have second chamber is incorrect.
Q.3: Why can the Lok Sabha control the executive more effectively than the Rajya Sabha can?
Ans : Lok Sabha exercises control over the executive more effectively than Rajya Sabha because it is a directly elected body. The Council of Ministers is responsible to Lok Sabha and not the Rajya Sabha. The Lok Sabha has the power to make laws, ask questions and amend the Constitution. The Lok Sabha can remove the government by expressing no-confidence but Rajya Sabha cannot remove any government. Lok Sabha has crucial power in controlling the finances as it can reject money bill but Rajya Sabha cannot reject the money bill.
Q.4: Rather than effective control of the executive, the Lok Sabha is a platform for the expression of popular sentiments and people’s expectations. Do you agree? Give reasons.
Ans : I do not agree with the statement that the Lok Sabha is only a platform for the expression of popular sentiments and people's expectations. The members of the legislature are free to express their views and no action can be taken against any member for anything said inside the house. The main purpose of this parliamentary privilege is to enable the members to work for the people effectively as well as control the executive. While the Lok Sabha does provide an opportunity for elected representatives to express the expectations of their constituents, its powers are much more wide ranging. The Lok Sabha holds the Union Cabinet accountable for its decisions. It has the power to make laws, control finances and amend the Constitution. The Council of Ministers continues in office only as long as it enjoys the confidence of the Lok Sabha. Therefore, Lok Sabha functions as an effective control of the executive.
Q.5: The following are some proposals for making the Parliament more effective. State if you agree or disagree with each of them and give your reasons. Explain what would be the effect if these suggestions were accepted. √ Parliament should work for longer period. √ Attendance should be made compulsory for members of Parliament. √ Speakers should be empowered to penalise members for interrupting the proceedings of the House.
Ans : Parliament should work for longer period. I agree with the above proposal that parliament should work for a longer period. There are a large number of issues that require debate and legislation and these are delayed sometimes because the parliament is not in session. To overcome this, the parliament needs to work for a longer time. Attendance should be made compulsory for members of Parliament. I agree with this proposal as compulsory attendance would lead to presence of members for crucial decisions that require the support of majority. It would also encourage presentation of views across the political spectrum. Speakers should be empowered to penalise members for interrupting the proceedings of the House. I agree with this proposal as penalising members for interrupting the proceedings of house would lead to less wastage of time and maintain the dignity of the Parliament. This would also lead to less wastage of the taxpayers money that is incurred to run the parliament. However, it should not lead to suppression of dissent.
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