NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science (Economics) Chapter 3 Poverty as a Challenge – Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 9 Social Science (Economics) Chapter 3. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete Chapter 3 titled Poverty as a Challenge of Social Science (Economics) taught in class 9. If you are a student of class 9 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Social Science (Economics), then you must come across Chapter 3 Poverty as a Challenge. After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science (Economics) Chapter 3 Poverty as a Challenge in one place.
NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter 3 Poverty As A Challenge
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|Subject||Social Science Economics|
Poverty As A Challenge
NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science Economics chapter 3 Poverty As A Challenge
Class 9, Social Science Economics chapter 3, Poverty As A Challenge solutions are given below in PDF format. You can view them online or download PDF file for future use.
Poverty As A Challenge
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Question & Answer
Q.1: Why do different countries use different poverty lines?
Ans : Different countries use different poverty lines because (a) The calorie requirement of different human races is different depending on their physical condition and dietary habits. Those races which have greater height and build require higher calories. (b) The per capita income in different countries is also different i.e., per capita income is higher in developed countries as compared to developing countries. (c) The standard of living of Western countries is higher than that of developing countries. (d) The cost of essential items used in calculating poverty line is higher in the developed countries.
Q.2: What do you think would be the “minimum necessary level” in your locality?
Ans : I live in a city so the poverty line should be calculated according to the urban area. In the year 2000, the urban poverty line was fixed at ` 454 per month per person. Now in the year 2012 seeing the high level of inflation and price rise it should be at least 1500 per person per month.
Q.3: Study Table 3.1 and answer the following questions: (a) Even if poverty ratio declined between 1993–94 and 2004–05, why did the number of poor remain at about 407 million? (b) Are the dynamics of poverty reduction the same in rural and urban India?
Ans : (a) The poverty ratio declined between 1073-74 and 1993-94 but the number of poor remained at about 320 million because the total population of the country increased during the same period. Out of this increased population more people got employment due to the green Revolution, establishment of more industries and growth of the tertiary sector. As result the poverty ratio declined. (b) No, the dynamics of poverty reduction are not the same in rural and urban areas because the conditions in both the areas are completely different. Urban area poverty has decreased due to expansion of the service sector, increased industrialisation and consequent increase of jobs. This has resulted in migration to cities and towns from rural areas. Rural area poverty has reduced due to improved agricultural practices resulting in higher incomes. Some contribution to this improvement is due to the migration to urban areas.
Q.4: Which social and economic group do they belong to?
Ans : There is a poor family living near our colony. They are living below the poverty line and belong to lowest socio-economic category.
Q.5: Who are the earning members in the family?
Ans : The wife and husband are casual construction labourers and they are the earning members of the family.
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