NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 2 Physical Features of India – Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 9 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 2. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete Chapter 2 titled Physical Features of India of Social Science (Geography) taught in class 9. If you are a student of class 9 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Social Science (Geography), then you must come across Chapter 2 Physical Features of India. After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 2 Physical Features of India in one place.
NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 2 Physical Features of India
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Physical Features of India
NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science chapter 2 Physical Features of India
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Physical Features of India
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Question & Answer
Q.1: Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below. (i) A landmass bounded by sea on three sides is referred to as (a) Coast (b) Island (c) Peninsula (d) None of the above (ii) Mountain ranges in the eastern part of India forming its boundary with Myanmar are collectively called (a) Himachal (b) Uttarakhand (c) Purvanchal (d) None of the above (iii) The western coastal strip, south of Goa is referred to as (a) Coromandel (b) Konkan (c) Kannad (d) Northern Circar (iv) The highest peak in the Eastern Ghats is (a) Anai Mudi (b) Kanchenjunga (c) Mahendragiri (d) Khasi
Ans : (i) (c) Peninsula (ii) (c) Purvachal (iii) (c) Kannad (iv) (c) Mahendragiri
Q.2: Answer the following questions briefly. (i) What is the bhabar? (ii) Name the three major divisions of the Himalayas from north to south. (iii) Which plateau lies between the Aravali and the Vindhyan ranges? (iv) Name the island group of India having coral origin.
Ans : (i) Bhabar is a narrow belt of land about 8 to 16 km wide and covered with pebbles deposited by the rivers and lying parallel to the slopes of the Shiwaliks. (ii) The 3 major divisions of the Himalayas from North to South are as follows (a) The Great or Inner Himalayas or the Himadri It is a continuous range consisting of the highest peaks. (b) Himachal or Lesser Himalayas The range lying to the South of the Himadri is known as Himachal or Lesser Himalayas. (c) Shiwaliks The outermost range of the Himalayas is known as the Shiwaliks. These are the foothill ranges and represent the southernmost division of the Himalayas. (iii) Malwa plateau lies between the Aravalli and the Vindhyan ranges. (iv) Lakshadweep Islands are composed of small coral islands.
Q.3: Distinguish between (i) Bhangar and Khadar (ii) Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats
Ans : (i) Differences between Bhangar and Khadar (ii) Difference between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats.
Q.4: Which are the major physiographic divisions of India? Contrast the relief of the Himalayan region with that of the Peninsular plateau.
Ans : The major physiographic divisions of India are
Contrast between the Himalayan region and the Peninsular plateau
- The Himalayan mountains
- The Northern plains
- The Peninsular plateau
- The Indian desert
- The Coastal plains
- The islands
Q.5: Give an account of the Northern Plains of India.
Ans : (a) The Himalayan uplift out of the Tethys sea and subsidence of the Northern flank of the peninsular plateau resulted in the formation of a large basin. In course of time, this depression gradually got filled with deposition of sediments from rivers flowing from the mountains In the north and led to formation of the fertile Northern plains. (b) It spreads over an area of 7 lakh sq km. The plain IS about 2400 km long and 240-230 km broad (c) It is a densely populated and an Intensively cultivated area. (d) With Its adequate water supply and favourable climate, It is agriculturally a very productive part of India (e) The Northern plains are broadly divided into 3 sections. (f) The Western part of the Northern plans IS called the Punjab plains, formed by the Indus and its tributaries. (g) The Ganga plain extends between the Ghaggar and the Teesta rivers, spread over the states of Haryana, Delhi, UP Bihar and West Bengal. (h) The Brahmaputra Plain to the East of the Ganga plains lies the Brahmaputra plain covering the areas of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh
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