NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 5 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife – Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 9 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 5. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete Chapter 5 titled Natural Vegetation and Wildlife of Social Science (Geography) taught in class 9. If you are a student of class 9 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Social Science (Geography), then you must come across Chapter 5 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife. After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 5 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife in one place.
NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 5 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
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Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science chapter 5 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Class 9, Social Science chapter 5, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife solutions are given below in PDF format. You can view them online or download PDF file for future use.
Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
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Question & Answer
Q.1: Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below (i) To which one of the following types of vegetation does rubber belong to ? (a) Tundra (b) Tidal (c) Himalayan (d) Tropical Evergreen (ii) Cinchona trees are found in the areas of rainfall more than (a) 100 cm (b) 50 cm (c) 70 cm (d) less than 50 cm (iii) In which of the following state is the Simlipal bio-reserve located? (a) Punjab (b) Delhi (c) Odisha (d) West Bengal (iv) Which one of the following bio-reserves of India is not included in the world network of bioreserve? (a) Manas (b) Nilgiri (c) Gulf of Mannar (d) Nanda Devi
Ans : (i) (d) Tropical Evergreen (ii) (a) 100 cm (iii) (c) Odisha (iv) (a) Manas
Q.2: Answer the following questions briefly. (i) Define an ecosystem. (ii) What factors are responsible for the distribution of plants and animals in India? (iii) What is a bio-reserve? Give two examples. (iv) Name two animals having habitat in tropical and montane type of vegetation
Ans : (i) All the plants and animals in an area are interdependent and interrelated to each other in their physical environment, thus forming an ecosystem. Human beings are also an integral part of the ecosystem. They utilise the vegetation and wild life. (ii) The factors responsible for the distribution of plants (flora) and animals (fauna) in India are (a) Relief factors
(iii) A bioreserve is an area in which the flora and fauna of the given country is protected and there are certain researches which are done on them. It is an area containing a wildlife preserve bordered by a buffer zone in which more frequent use is permitted to the public, established as a way of integrating habitat conservation with the interests of the local community. Examples are Rajaji in Uttarakhand and Simlipal in Orissa. (iv) Animals found in Tropical forests are lion. tiger. pig, deer and elephant. Animals found in Montane forests are Kashmir stag, spotted deer, wild sheep, jack rabbit, Tibetan antelope, yak, snow leopard, squirrels. shaggy horn wild ibex. bear and rare red panda, sheep and goats with thick hair.
- Photoperiod (sunlight)
Q.3: Distinguish between (i) Flora and Fauna (ii) Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous forests
Ans : (i) Difference between Flora and Fauna (ii) Difference between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forests
Q.4: Name different types of Vegetation found in India and describe the vegetation of high altitudes.
Ans : The following major types of vegetation are found in India
Vegetation of High Altitude (Montane Forests)
- Tropical Evergreen Forests
- Tropical Deciduous Forests
- Tropical Thorn Forests and Scrub
- Montane Forests
- Mangrove Forests
- In mountainous areas, the decrease in temperature with increasing altitude leads to a corresponding change in natural vegetation.
- The wet temperate type of forests are found between a height of 1000 and 2000 metres, where evergreen broad leaf trees such as oaks and chestnuts predominate.
- Temperate forests containing coniferous trees like pine, deodar, silver fir, spruce and cedar are found between 1500 and 3000 metres.
- These forests cover mostly the southern slopes of the Himalayas, places having high altitudes in southern and north east India.
- Temperate grasslands are common at higher elevations.
- At high altitudes, generally more than 3,600 metres above sea level, alpine vegetation is found. Silver fir, jumpers, pines and birches are the common trees of these forests
Q.5: Quite a few species of plants and animals are endangered in India. Why?
Ans : (i)Many plants and animals in India are endangered because of the greediness of human beings for their commercial value. Humans are hunting animals for their skins, horns and hooves which are In demand and give a lot of profit. (ii)Deforestation on a wide scale destroys the habitat of animals and also leads to decline of the different species of trees and plants. Ecological balance is disturbed due to deforestation, which is harmful for both flora and fauna.
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