NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Political Science II Chapter 8 Regional Aspirations – Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 12 Political Science Chapter 8. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete chapter 8 titled Regional Aspirations taught in Class 12. If you are a student of Class 12 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Political Science, then you must come across chapter 8 Regional Aspirations. After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Political Science Chapter 8 Regional Aspirations.
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Political Science Chapter 8 Regional Aspirations
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|Book||Politics In India Since Independence|
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Political Science chapter 8 Regional Aspirations
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Question & Answer
Q.1: Match the following.
Ans : (a)-(iii) (b)-(iv) (c)-(ii) (d)-(i)
Q.2: Regional aspirations of the people of North-East get expressed in different ways. These include movements against outsiders, movement for greater autonomy and movement for separate national existence. On the map of the North-East, using different shades for these three, show the States where these expressions are prominently found.
Ans : Tripura, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh
Q.3: What were the main provisions of the Punjab accord? In what way can they be the basis for further tensions between the Punjab and its neighbouring States?
Ans : Punjab Accord was an agreement signed between the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and Harchand Singh Longowal, the then President of Akali Dal in 1985 to be known as 'Rajiv Gandhi Longowal Accord' also to create normalcy in Punjab: 1. Chandigarh would be transferred to Punjab. 2. To appoint a separate commission to resolve border dispute between Punjab and Haryana. 3. To set up a tribunal to settle down the sharing of Ravi-Beas river water among Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. 4. To provide agreement for compensation to better treatment to those affected by militancy in Punjab. 5. To withdraw the Armed forces special power Act in Punjab. But, peace could not be established easily in Punjab and resulted as follows: (a) It led to many excesses by police and violation of human rights. (b) It fragmented the Akali Dal. (c) President's rule was imposed and normal political process was suspended. (d) Hence, Political process could not be restored in this atmosphere Even during elections in 1992, only 24% electors turned out to vote. Consequently above mentioned added to tension between Punjab and its neighbouring states.
Q.4: Why did the Anandpur Sahib Resolution become controversial?
Ans : Anandpur Sahib Resolution was passed at the conference of Akali Dal at Anandpur Sahib in 1973: (a) To ascertain regional autonomy and to redefine centre-state relations. (b) Sikhs aspirations aimed at 'bolbala' (dominance) of Sikhs. (c) It could also be interpreted as a plea for separate Sikh nation despite of federal spirit. But, it became controversial due to following reasons: 1. Due to lack of popularity of Akali Dal resolution had a United appeal. 2. Akali government was dismissed in 1980s it lost its importance. 3. Akali Dal launched a movement on the distribution of water between Punjab and its neighbouring states. 4. Movement went into the hands of extremist elements from moderate Akalis and converted into armed insurgency for which Anandpur Sahib Resolution considered responsible.
Q.5: Explain the internal divisions of the State of Jammu and Kashmir and describe how these lead to multiple regional aspirations in that State.
Ans : Jammu and Kashmir comprised of three regions: 1. Kashmir region is Kashmir valley consisting Kashmiri speaking and mostly Muslim with a Kashmiri speaking Hindu minority. 2. Jammu region consists of Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs and speakers of various languages, in the areas of foothills and plains. 3. Ladakh region is equally divided between Buddhists and Muslims and maintains an little population area. These internal divisions led to multiple regional aspirations: 1 . One strand of separatist to demand a separate Kashimri nation independent of India and Pakistan. 2. Some other groups want Kashmir to be merged with Pakistan. 3. Third strand wants a greater autonomy for people of state within Indian Union. 4. The demand for intra-state autonomy is as strong as the demand for the state autonomy. In present scenario, most of the separatist in dialogue are trying to re-negotiate a relationship of state with India.
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