NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Political Science II Chapter 4 Indias External Relations – Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 12 Political Science Chapter 4. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete chapter 4 titled Indias External Relations taught in Class 12. If you are a student of Class 12 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Political Science, then you must come across chapter 4 Indias External Relations. After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Political Science Chapter 4 Indias External Relations.
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Political Science Chapter 4 Indias External Relations
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|Book||Politics In India Since Independence|
Indias External Relations
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Political Science chapter 4 Indias External Relations
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Indias External Relations
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Question & Answer
Q.1: Write ‘true’ or ‘false’ against each of these statements. (a) Non-alignment allowed India to gain assistance both from USA and USSR. (b) India’s relationship with her neighbours has been strained from the beginning. (c) The cold war has affected the relationship between India and Pakistan. (d) The treaty of Peace and Friendship in 1971 was the result of India’s closeness to USA.
Ans : (a) True (b) True (c) True (d) False
Q.2: Match the following
Ans : (a)-(ii) (b)-(iii) (c)-(iv) (d)-(i)
Q.3: Why did Nehru regard conduct of foreign relations as an essential indicator of independence? State any two reasons with examples to support your reading.
Ans : 1. India decided to conduct its foreign relations with respect to sovereignty of other nations and maintain peace and security through mutual cooperation to be reflected in the Directive Principles of State Policy on Article 51 of constitution 2. India always advocated the policy of Non-alignment, made efforts to reduce cold war tensions and contributed human resources to UN peace keeping operations. 3. Hence, India took independent stand and got assistance from members of both the blocks.
Q.4: “The conduct of foreign affairs is an outcome of a two-way interaction between domestic compulsions and prevailing international climate”. Take one example from India’s external relations in the 1960s to substantiate your answer.
Ans : The statement is justified to maximum extent to be proved during 'Sino-Indian Conflict of 1 962' to dent India's image at home and international level, India had to approach the Americans and the British for military assistance to tide over the issues. The Soviet Union remained neutral during the conflict: (i) All the occurings, created a sense of national humiliation but strengthened a spirit of nationalism also on the other hand. (ii) Pt. Nehru was also criticised for his naive assessment of Chinese intentions and lack of military preparedness. (iii) Political mood of country began to change, when no-confidence motion against Nehru moved in and debated in Lok-Sabha. (iv) 'Sino-Indian Conflict' splitted the Communist Party of India in 1964s split fraction formed communist party of India (CPI-M). (v) Besides, the war with China alerted Indian leadership to volatile situation in the North-east region. (vi) Apart from being isolated and extremely underdeveloped, this region posed the challenge of national integration in front of India.
Q.5: Identify any two aspects of India’s foreign policy that you would like to retain and two that you would like to change, if you were to become a decision maker. Give reasons to support your position.
Ans : Two Aspects to be Supported: 1. India always maintained her dignity and image of a peace loving country by taking initiatives to bring about equality and understanding among the nations i.e. India supported to end Korean War in 1953, French rule in China, US role in Vietnam. 2. India's initiatives for Non-alignment are also appreciable for the maintenance of mutual understanding and security. During post cold war era also, NAM had become an effective tool to make the Security Council more effective and democratic. Two Aspects to be Changed: 1. In the course of decade of 1962-72, India faced three wars and its peaceful image played a very limited role. 2. Conflict with neighbouring countries like China and Pakistan derailed India's concept of regional cooperation under SAARC Hence, India must adopt diplomatic and defensive postures in its foreign policy to maintain its independent entity
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