NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Political Science II Chapter 7 Rise Of Popular Movements – Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 12 Political Science Chapter 7. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete chapter 7 titled Rise Of Popular Movements taught in Class 12. If you are a student of Class 12 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Political Science, then you must come across chapter 7 Rise Of Popular Movements. After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Political Science Chapter 7 Rise Of Popular Movements.
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Political Science Chapter 7 Rise Of Popular Movements
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|Book||Politics In India Since Independence|
Rise Of Popular Movements
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Political Science chapter 7 Rise Of Popular Movements
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Rise Of Popular Movements
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Question & Answer
Q.1: Which of these statements are incorrect The Chipko Movement (a) was an environmental movement to prevent cutting down of trees. (b) raised questions of ecological and economic exploitation. (c) was a movement against alcoholism started by the women (d) demanded that local communities should have control over their natural resources
Ans : (c) was a movement against alcoholism started by the women.
Q.2: Some of the statements below are incorrect. Identify the incorrect statements and rewrite those with necessary correction: (a) Social movements are hampering the functioning of India’s democracy. (b) The main strength of social movements lies in their mass base across social sections. (c) Social movements in India emerged because there were many issues that political parties did not address.
Ans : (a) Rewritten-Social movements involve a gradual process of coming together of people with similar problems. (c) Rewritten-Social movements in India emerged to reduce the possibility of deep social conflict and disaffection of groups from democracy.
Q.3: Identify the reasons which led to the Chipko Movement in U.P in early 1970s. What was the impact of this movement?
Ans : 1. The Chipko movement began in two or three villages of Uttarakhand on refusal of permission to villages to fell ash trees for making agricultural tools and allotted the same land to sports manufacturers for commercial uses. 2. The villagers protested against the practices of logging to be permitted by government. 3. Villagers used a novel tactic to hug the trees to protect them from being cut down. Impact of movement: 1 . It soon spread across many parts of Uttarakhand and larger issues of ecological and economic exploitation were also raised. 2. Government issued a ban on felling of trees in Himalayan region for fifteen years until green cover was fully restored. 3. Active participation of women was also a very novel aspect of the movement. 4. This movement was started with a single issue but became symbol of many such popular movements emerging in different parts of country during 1970s.
Q.4: The Bharatiya Kisan Union is a leading organisation highlighting the plight of farmers. What were the issues addressed by it in the nineties and to what extent were they successful?
Ans : Bharatiya Kisan Union was one of the leading farmers' movement to protest against the policies of process of liberalisation of Indian economy: Issues addressed by BKU: 1.Higher government floor prices for sugarcane and wheat, 2. Guaranteed supply of electricity at reasonable rates. 3. To wave off repayments due on loan to farmers. 4. To provide government pension to farmers. 5. Abolition of restrictions on the inter-,state movement of farm produce. Highlighted the plight of farmers: 1.BKUconductedraIlies, demonstrations, and Jail Bharo agilations. 2. These protests involved thousands 20 over lakhs farmers from western UPS adjoining regions. 3. BKLJ operated as a pressure group in politics with its strength of sheer members. Extent of Success: BKLJ became the most successful social movements. 2. It sustained for a long time due to clannel works among its members. 3. These networks mobilised funds, resources and activities of BKU. 4. An outcome of political bargaining powers by its members. 5. BKLJ farmers dominated regional electoral politics also.
Q.5: The anti-arrack movement in Andhra Pradesh drew the attention of the country to some serious issues. What were these issues?
Ans : 1 Anti-arrack movement was the movement of rural women in Andhra Pradesh to protest against alcoholism, mafias and government. 2. This movement had its roots in "adult literacy drive" where women complained of increased consumption of locally brewed alcohol arrack by men in their families to effect on rural economy also. 3. Women in Nellore came together in spontaneous local initiatives to protest against arrack and forced the closure of wine shop. And this movement spread slowly all over the state Issues relating to movements: 1 . The Anti-arrack movement aimed at prohibition on the sale of arrack. 2. Its demand touched upon larger section of social, economic and political issues which had established a close nexus between crime and politics. 3. Women openly discussed the issues of domestic violence like dowry, sexual violence etc 4. Anti-arrack movement provided a platform to discuss private issues of domestic violence.
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