NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Sociology Chapter 1 Structural Change – Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 12 Sociology Chapter 1. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete chapter 1 titled Structural Change taught in Class 12. If you are a student of Class 12 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Sociology, then you must come across chapter 1 Structural Change. After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Sociology Chapter 1 Structural Change.
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Sociology Chapter 1 Structural Change
Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for Sociology for Class 12 so that you can refer them as and when required. The NCERT Solutions to the questions after every unit of NCERT textbooks aimed at helping students solving difficult questions.
For a better understanding of this chapter, you should also see summary of Chapter 1 Structural Change , Sociology, Class 12.
|Book||Social Change and Development in India|
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Sociology chapter 1 Structural Change
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Question & Answer
Q.1: How has colonialism impacted our lives? You can either focus on one aspect, like culture or politics, or treat them together.
Ans : British colonialism which was based on capitalism directly interfered to ensure greatest profit and benefit to British capitalism. - Every policy was geared towards the strengthening and expansion of British capitalism. - It changed the law of land as: (a)It changed not just land ownership laws but decided even what crops would be grown and what ought not to be. (b)It altered the way production and distribution of goods take place. (c)It started interfering with the manufacturing sector. (d)It started occupying forests and cleared trees and started plantation. (e)Colonialism introduced the forest acts that changed the lives of tribals/ pastoralists. (f) It also led to movements of people from one part to another in India which ultimately lead to the growth of nationalist and anti colonial awareness in the Indian masses. The colonialism affected our lives culturally, politically and more or less combining the two. Due to mobility and exposure to modem western thoughts people started thinking about freedom, liberty and human rights which provided basis for India freedom movement. Colonialism also had significant social influences e.g. Indian society particularly the emerging middle class was gradually changed i.e. their life style, eating habits, languages and clothing. Political impact of colonialism on Indian society was significant our national movement, the political system, the parliamentary and legal system, constitution, education system, the police traffic rules by and large the whole political structure changed due to the colonial impact.
Q.2: Industrialisation and urbanisation are linked processes. Discuss.
Ans : Industrialisation refers to the emergence of machine production, based on the use of inanimate power resources like steam or electricity. - A prime feature of industrial societies is that a large number of people are employed in factories, offices or shops rather than agriculture. - Over 90% people are living in cities and towns where most jobs are to be found and new job opportunities are created e.g. in Britain the first society to undergo industrialisation was also the earliest to move from being rural to an urban community. - During British period industrialisation in some regions had led to decline of old urban centres. - The process of urbanisation during the colonial period caused decline of earlier urban centres and the emergence of new colonial cities e.g. cities like Surat and Masulipatnam lost their charm and Bombay and Madras emerged as important cities. •When manufacturing units boomed in Britain, traditional export of cotton and silk manufactures of India declined because they could not compete to Manchester. •At the end of 19th century, with the development of mechanised factory industrialisation, few towns became heavily populated. •Other than eastern India where British penetration was earliest and deepest, survived much more longer e.g. village crafts in the interior could survive. They were affected only with the spread of railways. •The government of India after Independence played significant role in protecting and promoting industrialisation. •Because of recent policies related to liberalisation and globalisation led to vast expansion of cities.
Q.3: Identify any town or city with which you are familiar. Find out both the history of its growth and its contemporary status.
Ans : DIY
Q.4: You may be living in a very small town, may be in a very big city, asemi-urban settlement or a village.
- Describe the place where you live.
- What are the features, which make you think it is a town and not a city, a village and not a town, or a city and not a village?
- Is there any factory where you live?
- Is agriculture the main job that people do?
- Is it the occupational nature that has a determining influence?
- Is it the buildings?
- Is it the availability of educational opportunities?
- Is it the way people live and behave?
- Is it the way people talk and dress?
Ans : DIY
NCERT / CBSE Book for Class 12 Sociology
You can download the NCERT Book for Class 12 Sociology in PDF format for free. Otherwise you can also buy it easily online.
- Click here for NCERT Book for Class 12 Sociology
- Click here to buy NCERT Book for Class 12 Sociology
All NCERT Solutions Class 12
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