NCERT Solutions Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 Industries– Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete chapter 5 titled Industries of Geography taught in class 8. If you are a student of class 8 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Geography, then you must come across chapter 5 Industries. After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 Industries in one place.
NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 5 Industries
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For a better understanding of this chapter, you should also see summary of Chapter 5 Industries , Social Science Geography, Class 8.
|Subject||Social Science Geography|
|Book||Resource And Development|
NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social Science Geography chapter 5 Industries
Class 8, Social Science Geography chapter 5, Industries solutions are given below in PDF format. You can view them online or download PDF file for future use.
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Question & Answer
Q.1: With the help of an atlas identify some iron and steel industries in India and mark their location on an outline map of India.
Ans : DIY
Q.2: On an outline map of the world mark the places which provide raw material to cotton textile industry of Osaka
Ans : DIY
Q.3: Answer the following questions. (i) What is meant by the term ‘industry’? (ii) Which are the main factors which influence the location of an industry? (iii) Which industrty is often referred to as the backbone of modern industry and why? (iv) Why cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in Mumbai?
Ans : (i) The term ‘industry’ refers to an economic activity that is concerned with the production of goods (e.g., iron and steel industry), extraction of minerals (e.g., coal mining industry) or provision of services (e.g., tourism industry). (ii) Factors influencing the location of an industry: (a) Availability of raw material (b) Availability of land (c) Adequate supply of water (d) Adequate supply of labour (e) Access to power (f) Amount of capital (g) Access to transport (h) Presence of market (iii) The iron and steel industry is a feeder industry whose products are used as raw materials in other industries. This is why it is referred to as the backbone of modern industry. Almost everything that we use is either made of iron or steel, or has been made using tools and machinery made of these metals. (iv) The cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in Mumbai because of its locational advantages. The warm and moist climate (ideal for spinning and weaving), the nearness to a sea port (important for importing machinery), and the availability of raw material and skilled labour are some of the factors that resulted in the growth of this industry in Mumbai. (v) Similarities between information technology industry in Bangalore and California: (a) Presence of high quality educational institutions, and advanced scientific and technological centres (b) Pleasant climate and clean environment (c) Presence of good quality, skilled workforce (d) Access to markets (e) Well-developed and well-connected
Q.4: Tick the correct answer. (i) Fort Gloster is located in (a) West Bengal (b) California (c) Gujarat (ii) Which one of the following is a natural fibre? (a) nylon (b) jute (c) acryclic
Ans : (i)-(a) (ii)-(b)
Q.5: Distinguish between the followings. (i) Agro-based and mineral based industry (ii) Public sector and joint sector industry
Ans : (i) Agro-based- (a) Uses plant and animal products as raw materials (b) Source of employment for people in rural areas (c) Example: Dairy industry, cotton textile industry mineral based industry- (a) Uses mineral ores as raw materials (b) Source of employment for people in rural as well as urban areas (c) Example: Iron and steel industry, heavy machinery industry (ii) Public sector - (a) Owned and operated by the government (b) Example: Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Steel Authority of India Limited joint sector industry- (a) Jointly owned and operated by the government and individuals or a group of individuals (b) Example: Maruti Udyog Limited
NCERT / CBSE Book for Class 8 Social Science Geography
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