NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 4 Human Settlement – Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 4. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete chapter 4 titled Human Settlement taught in Class 12. If you are a student of Class 12 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Geography, then you must come across chapter 4 Human Settlement. After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 4 Human Settlement.
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Geography Chapter 4 Human Settlement
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For a better understanding of this chapter, you should also see summary of Chapter 4 Human Settlement , Geography, Class 12.
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NCERT Solutions Class 12 Geography chapter 4 Human Settlement
Class 12, Geography chapter 4, Human Settlement solutions are given below in PDF format. You can view them online or download PDF file for future use.
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Question & Answer
Q.1: Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below. (i) Which one of the following towns is NOT located on a river bank? (a) Agra (b) Bhopal (c) Patna (d) Kolkata (ii) Which one of the following is NOT the part of the definition of a town as per the census of India? (a) Population density of 400 persons per sq km. (b) Presence of municipality, corporation, etc. (c) More than 75% of the population engaged in primary sector. (d) Population size of more than 5,000 persons. (iii) In which one of the following environments does one expect the presence of dispersed rural settlements? (a) Alluvial plains of Ganga (b) Arid and semi-arid regions of Rajasthan (c) Lower valleys of Himalayas (d) Forests and hills in north-east (iv) Which one of the following group of cities have been arranged in the sequence of their ranks i.e. 1, 2, 3 and 4 in size? (a) Greater Mumbai, Bangalore, Kolkata, Chennai (b) Delhi, Greater Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata (c) Kolkata, Greater Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata (d) Greater Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai
Ans : (i) (b) Bhopal (ii) (c) More than 75% of the population engaged in primary sector. (iii) (a) Alluvial plains of Ganga (iv) (d) Greater Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai
Q.2: Answer the following questions in about 30 words. (i) What are garrison towns? What is their function? (ii) How can one identify an urban agglomeration? (iii) What are the main factors for the location of villages in desert regions? (iv) What are metropolitan cities? How are they different from urban agglomerations?
Ans : (i) Garrison towns are basically towns where military troops permanently stationed. Functions of garrison towns are:
(ii) Anyone can identify an urban agglomeration by following three combinations: (a) a town and its adjoining urban outgrowths (b) two or more contiguous towns with or without their outgrowths (c) a city and one or more adjoining towns with their outgrowths together forming a contiguous spread. (iii) Availability of water is the main factor for the location of villages in desert regions as it is most important for human survival. Others factors are relief and climate. (iv) Cities accommodating population size between one to five million are called metropolitan cities. Urban agglomeration differs from metropolitan cities as it a continuous urban spread constituting a town and it's adjoining outgrowths.
- It helps in maintaining peace and stability.
- It includes important settlements like training centre, offices and residences of military.
Q.3: Answer the following questions in about 150 words. (i) Discuss the features of different types of rural settlements. What are the factors responsible for the settlement patterns in different physical environments? (ii) Can one imagine the presence of only one-function town? Why do the cities become multi- functional?
Ans : (i) There are four types of rural settlements:
The factors responsible for the settlement patterns in different physical environments are:
- Clustered: It is a compact or closely built up area of houses. The general living area is distinct and separated from the surrounding farms, barns and pastures. These settlements are generally found in fertile alluvial plains and in the northeastern states.
- Semi-clustered: These settlements may result from tendency of clustering in a restricted area of dispersed settlement. These pattern may also result from segregation or fragmentation of a large compact village. In this case, one or more sections of the village society choose or is forced to live a little away from the main cluster or village.
- Hamleted: Sometimes settlement is fragmented into several units physically separated from each other bearing a common name. This segmentation of a large village is often motivated by social and ethnic factors.
- Dispersed: These settlements pattern appears in the form of isolated huts or hamlets of few huts in remote jungles, or on small hills with farms or pasture on the slopes. Extreme dispersion of settlement is often caused by extremely fragmented nature of the terrain and land resource base of habitable areas.
(ii) No, one cannot imagine the presence of only one-function town. A town cannot grow on one function. Certain towns and cities perform specialised services and functions and they are known for some specific activities, products or services such as Ambala and Jalandhar are cantonment towns. But this does not mean they does not perform other function. These towns have universities, offices and many other institutions which have another functions. Thus, these town are mufti-functional towns. The cities are not static in their function. The functions change due to their dynamic nature. Even specialised cities, as they grow into metropolises become multifunctional wherein industry, business, administration, transport, etc. become important. The functions get so intertwined that the city cannot be categorised in a particular functional class.
- Physical features include nature of terrain, altitude, climate and availability of water
- Cultural and ethnic factors include social structure, caste and religion
- Security factors include defence against thefts and robberies.
NCERT / CBSE Book for Class 12 Geography
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