NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 6 Secondary Activities – Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 6. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete chapter 6 titled Secondary Activities taught in Class 12. If you are a student of Class 12 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Geography, then you must come across chapter 6 Secondary Activities. After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 6 Secondary Activities.
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Geography Chapter 6 Secondary Activities
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For a better understanding of this chapter, you should also see summary of Chapter 6 Secondary Activities , Geography, Class 12.
|Book||Fundamentals Of Human Geography|
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Geography chapter 6 Secondary Activities
Class 12, Geography chapter 6, Secondary Activities solutions are given below in PDF format. You can view them online or download PDF file for future use.
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Question & Answer
Q.1: the right answer from the fm.lr alternatives given (i) Which one of the following statements is wrong? (a) Cheap water transport has facilitated the jute mill industry along the Hugli. (b) Sugar, cotton textiles and vegetable oils are footloose industries. (c) The development of hydro-electricity and petroleum reduced, to a great extent, the importance of coal energy as a locational factor for industry. (d) Port towns in India have attracted industries. (ii) In which one of the following types of economy are the factors of production owned individually? (a) Capitalist (b) Mixed (c) Socialist (d) None (iii) Which one of the following types of industries produces raw materials for other industries? (a) Cottage Industries (b) Small-scale Industries (c) Basic Industries (d) Footloose Industries (iv) Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched ? (a) Automobile industry Los Angeles (b) Shipbuilding industry Lusaka (c) Aircraft industry Florence (d) Iron and Steel industry Pittsburgh
Ans : (i) (b) Sugar, cotton textiles and vegetable oils are footloose industries. (ii) (a) Capitalist (iii) (c) Basic Industries (iv) (d) Iron and Steel industry Pittsburgh
Q.2: Write a short note on the following in about 30 words. (i) High-Tech industry (ii) Manufacturing (iii) Footloose industries
Ans : (i) High technology is the latest generation of manufacturing activities which is best understood as the application of intensive research and development (R and D) efforts leading to the manufacture of products of an advanced scientific and engineering character. Highly skilled specialists greatly outnumber the actual production (blue collar) workers. Examples are robotics on the assembly line. (ii) Manufacturing literally means to make by hand'. However. now it includes goods 'made by machines'. It is a process which involves transforming raw materials into finished goods of higher value for sale in local or distant markets. (iii) Footloose industries are not dependent on any specific raw material. weight losing or otherwise. They largely depend on component parts which can be obtained anywhere. They produce in small quantity and also employ a small labour force. It can be located in a wide variety of places.
Q.3: Answer the following in not more than 150 words. (i) Differentiate between primary and secondary activities. (ii) Discuss the major trends of modern industrial activities especially in the developed countries of the world. (iii) Explain why high-tech industries in many countries are being attracted to the peripheral areas of major metropolitan centres. (iv) Africa has immense natural resources and yet it is industrially the most backward continent. Comment.
Ans : (i) (ii) Modern industrial activities involve the application of power. mass production of identical Products and specialised labour in factory settings for the production of standardised commodities. Some major trends of modern industrial activities especially in the developed countries are:
Modern manufacturing is characterised by: (a) a complex machine technology (b) extreme specialisation and division of labour for producing more goods with less effort. and low costs (c) vast capital (d) large organisations (e) executive bureaucracy. (iii) High-tech industries are the latest generation of manufacturing activities. It is the application of intensive research and development (R and D) efforts leading to the manufacture of products of an advanced scientific and engineering character. Professional (white collar) workers make up a large share of the total workforce. High qualities need better facilities such as institutions. hospitals. shopping malls. restaurants etc. Neatly spaced. low. modern. dispersed. office-plant-lab buildings rather than massive assembly structures. factories and storage areas mark the high-tech industrial landscape. Planned business parks tor high-tech start-ups have become part of regional and local development schemes. Therefore. high-tech industries in many countries are being attracted to the peripheral areas of major metropolitan centres. (iv)The continent of Africa is very rich in natural resources such as crude oil. copper. coal, manganese but they are still backward because:
- Specialisation of Skills of Production: Mass production involves production of large quantities of standardised parts by each worker performing only one task repeatedly.
- Mechanisation: Mechanisation refers to using gadgets which accomplish tasks. Automation is the advanced stage of mechanisation. Automatic factories with feedback and closed loop computer control systems where machines are developed to 'think'. have sprung up all over the world.
- Technological Innovation: Technological innovations through research and development strategy are an important aspect of modern manufacturing for quality control. eliminating waste and inefficiency. and combating pollution.
- Colonial Exploitation: African countries remained under foreign rules who exploited the natural resources for their own benefits rather than developing industries and infrastructure.
- Lack of Human Resources: The continent lack good institutions and thus the people are not well educated and skilled. The utilization of natural resources demands human resources.
- Civil Wars: The civil wars in the countries of Africa are frequent. There is mass scale corruption in the governments of the African countries which hinder the growth of countries.
- Lack of technological development: The countries of Africa are technologically very poor. The exploration and extraction of natural resources could not be possible without technology
NCERT / CBSE Book for Class 12 Geography
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