NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English (Kaleidoscope Non-Fiction) Chapter 6 On Science Fiction – Here are all the NCERT solutions for Class 12 English (Kaleidoscope) Chapter 6. This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete chapter 6 titled On Science Fiction taught in Class 12. If you are a student of Class 12 who is using NCERT Textbook to study English (Kaleidoscope), then you must come across chapter 6 On Science Fiction. After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English (Kaleidoscope) Chapter 6 On Science Fiction.
NCERT Solutions Class 12 English Chapter 6 On Science Fiction
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On Science Fiction
NCERT Solutions Class 12 English chapter 6 On Science Fiction
Class 12, English chapter 6, On Science Fiction solutions are given below in PDF format. You can view them online or download PDF file for future use.
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Question & Answer
Q.1: What makes for the distinction between the various genres of fiction- ‘a sports story’, ‘a Western story’, ‘a jungle story’ and science fiction?
Ans : In this story the author made a distinction between various genres of fiction- ‘a sports story’, ‘a Western story’, ‘a jungle story’, and science fiction by mentioning that “Science fiction is a literary universe of no mean size because science fiction is what it is, not through its content but through its background.” The author distinctly portrays the characteristics present in each type of fiction which showcases their difference from one another. A ‘sports story’ necessarily has an athletic or competitive activity as an integral part of its content. A ‘Western story’ essentially centers around the life of a cowboy go the American West whereas a ‘jungle story’ usually centers around the dangers of a forested tropical wilderness. Science fiction usually has the components of interplanetary travel and extraterrestrial creatures as part of its plot. But what really distinguishes it from the other genres of fiction is its background whereas the other genres are differentiated on the basis of content. He further argues that if the content of any of the other genres is placed against a background of a society distinctly different from ours, then that becomes science fiction.
Q.2: How does Asimov established that John Campbell was wrong in his opinion that it is not possible for a science fiction mystery to be fair to a reader in the same way as a classic mystery is?
Ans : Asimov established that John Campbell was wrong in his opinion that it is not possible for a science fiction mystery to be fair to a reader in the same way as a classic mystery is. He provides the example of a classic mystery of Sherlock Holmes, where the detective was provided with extraordinary abilities of sight in order to pace up the plot and yet it remained fair to the readers. He argues that if such plots were fair in classic mysteries then the use of the latest scientific findings which the reader is unaware of can be used by the writer in penning down a science fiction mystery. They do not need to adhere to the rules of classic mystery and still, it would be fair to the readers.
Q.3: What are the pitfalls that the writer of science fiction mystery must guard against?
Ans : Writing in any genre contains some or the other pitfalls. In the case of science-fiction mystery, the writer must be aware of his content and must be aware of the ways to modify it. The modifications must have a rational explanation. Thus writing science fiction is difficult but not impossible. It is always possible to cling to the rules of this genre as the writers of classic mystery fiction usually cling to theirs.
Q.4: Imagination and fantasy help human beings to speculate upon the possible explanations for the complexity and unpredictability of the phenomena in the universe.
Ans : Isaac Asimov seeks to establish the importance of science fiction in this chapter. He believes that science does not produce absolute truth nor does it support its existence. Science can also never promise that everything in the universe is controlled by it. Science is itself a product of imagination. Imagination drove us to experiments and experiments led to discoveries which helped in explaining the phenomenons which were once unexplainable. Thus, science is based upon imagination which “help human beings to speculate upon the possible explanations for the complexity and unpredictability of the phenomena in the universe.”
Q.5: The difference that science and technology have made in everyday life today was visualized in science fiction fifty years ago.
Ans : Science fiction has built a bridge between science that was fifty years ago and the science of today. Fifty years ago science was visualized as something extraordinary, difficult to imagine and sometimes people related it to superstitious energy. But now, science and technology have taken a new shape. Everyone is aware of science and technology and conducts critical studies on it. The modern-day contributions of science in our lives have been visualised in science fiction ages ago. For example, the flying carpet or winged horses are the imaginative manifestations of today’s airplane or jet planes. The crystal ball which allows us to gaze into the future or the magic shells that facilitated in hearing the human whisperings from afar is nothing but modern-day inventions like televisions and mobile phones. Thus, the science and technology that surrounds us in this present day were already imagined and presented to the readers, decades ago, through science fictions.
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